FC Bayern Munich


FC Bayern Munich

Infobox Football club
clubname = FC Bayern Munich


current =FC Bayern Munich 2008-09
fullname = FC Bayern München e. V.
founded = February 27, 1900
nickname = Der FCB (The FCB)
Die Bayern (The Bavarians)
Die Roten (The Reds)
FC Hollywood
ground = Allianz Arena
capacity = 69,901 | chairman = flagicon|Germany Franz Beckenbauer
manager = flagicon|Germany Jürgen Klinsmann
mgrtitle = Head Coach
league = Bundesliga
season = 2007–08
position = Bundesliga, 1st |pattern_la1=_whitelines|pattern_b1=_red_stripes_red_sh_NEW|pattern_ra1=_whitelines|pattern_sh1=_adidaswhite|pattern_so1=_3_stripes_white
leftarm1=DD0000|body1=FFFFFF|rightarm1=DD0000|shorts1=DD0000|socks1=DD0000
pattern_la2=_whitelines|pattern_b2=|pattern_ra2=_whitelines|pattern_sh2=_adidaswhite|pattern_so2=_3_stripes_white
leftarm2=000040|body2=000040|rightarm2=000040|shorts2=000040|socks2=000040
pattern_la3=_adidasstripesonwhite|pattern_b3=|pattern_ra3=_adidasstripesonwhite|pattern_sh3=_adidasonwhite|pattern_so3=_3 stripes red
leftarm3=FF0000|body3=FFFFFF|rightarm3=FF0000|shorts3=FF0000|socks3=FFFFFF

FC Bayern München is a German sports club based in Munich, Bavaria (München, Bayern). In English the name should literally be Bavaria Munich but is usually referred to as Bayern Munich. It is best known for its professional football team, which is the most successful club in German football, having won 21 German titles and 14 cups.

The club was founded in 1900 by eleven football players led by Franz John.cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 17-33
isbn = 389533426X
] Although Bayern won its first national championship in 1932,cite web | title = Success from the Outset | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = 2003 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/history/00268.php] the club was not selected for the Bundesliga at its inception in 1963.cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 134
isbn = 389533426X
] In the middle of the 1970s, the club had its period of greatest success, when the famous team led by Franz Beckenbauer won the European Cup three times in row (1974-76). In recent years they have been by far the most successful team in German football, winning seven of the last ten championships. The club's last international title was the Intercontinental Cup in 2001.

Since the beginning of the 2005-06 season, Munich plays its home games in the Allianz Arena. Previously the team had played for 33 years in the Olympic Stadium. The team colours are red and white, and the team crest shows the colours of Bavaria.cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 581
isbn = 389533426X
]

Bayern is a membership-based club and with more than 142,500 members. [cite journal | title = FC Bayern München | journal = Kicker Sonderheft Bundesliga | volume = 2008/09 | publisher = Kicker | date = 2008 | page = 61 | language = German] There are also more than 2,000 officially-registered fan clubs with about 132,000 members.cite web | title = Fan Clubs | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = 2007 | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/fanclubs/index.php] The club has other departments for chess, handball, basketball, gymnastics, bowling, table tennis, referees, and senior football with more than 1100 active members.cite web | title = Other Sports | accessdate = 2008-07-03 | date = 2007 | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/other_sports/index.php]

History

Early years (1900-65)

FC Bayern Munich was founded by members of a Munich gymnastics club (MTV 1879). When a congregation of members of MTV 1879 decided on February 27, 1900 that the footballers of the club would not be allowed to join the German Football Association (DFB), eleven members of the football division left the congregation and on the same evening founded FC Bayern Munich. Within a few months FC Bayern Munich achieved high-scoring victories against all local rivals and reached the semifinals of the 1900-01 South German championship.

In the following years the club won some local trophies and in 1910-11 FC Bayern Munich joined the newly founded "Kreisliga", the first regional Bavarian league. They won this league in its first year, but did not win it again until the beginning of World War I, which halted all football activities in Germany. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 30-40
isbn = 389533426X
]

In the years after the war, FC Bayern Munich won several regional competitions, before winning their first South German championship in 1926, an achievement repeated two years later. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 51-63
isbn = 389533426X
] Their first national title was gained in 1932, winning the German championship by defeating Eintracht Frankfurt 2–0 in the final. The advent of the Hitler regime put an abrupt end to Bayern's development. The president and the coach, both of whom were Jewish, left the country. Many others in the club were also purged. Bayern was taunted as the "Jew's club" and as a semi-professional club Bayern was also affected by the ruling that football players had to be full amateurs again. In the following years Bayern could not sustain its role of contender for the national title, achieving mid-table results in its regional league instead. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 101-2
isbn = 389533426X
]

After the war Bayern became a member of the Oberliga Süd, the southern conference of the German first division, which was split five ways at that time. Bayern struggled, hiring and firing 13 coaches between 1945 and 1963. In 1955 they were relegated, but returned to the "Oberliga" in the following season and won the German Cup for the first time, beating Fortuna Düsseldorf 1–0 in the final. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 105-120
isbn = 389533426X
] cite web | title = A Period of Reconstruction | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = 2003 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/history/00267.php] The club struggled financially though, verging on bankruptcy at the end of the 1950s. Manufacturer Roland Endler provided the necessary funds and was rewarded with four years at the helm of the club. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 120-6
isbn = 389533426X
] In 1963 the Oberligas in Germany were consolidated into one national league, the Bundesliga. Five teams from the Oberliga South were admitted. Bayern finished third in that year's southern division, but another Munich team, 1860 Munich, had won the championship. As the DFB preferred not to include two teams from one city, Bayern was not chosen for the Bundesliga. They gained promotion two years later, fielding a team with young talents like Franz Beckenbauer, Gerd Müller and Sepp Maier - who would later be collectively referred to as "the axis".

The golden years (1965-79)

In their first Bundesliga season Bayern finished third and also won the German Cup. This qualified them for the following year's European Cup Winners Cup, which they won in a dramatic final against Scottish club Rangers, when Franz "the Bull" Roth scored the decider in a 1–0 extra time victory. In 1967 Bayern retained the German Cup, but slow overall progress saw a new coach, Branko Zebec take over. He replaced Bayern's offensive style of play with a more disciplined approach, and in doing so achieved the first league and cup Double in Bundesliga history, using only 13 players throughout the season. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 155-8
isbn = 389533426X
]

Udo Lattek took charge in 1970. After winning the cup in his first season he led Bayern to their third German championship. The deciding match in the 1971-72 season against Schalke 04 was the first match in the new Olympic Stadium, and was also the first live televised match in Bundesliga history. Bayern beat Schalke 5–1 and thus claimed the title, also setting several records, including points gained and goals scored. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 165-171
isbn = 389533426X
] Bayern also won the next two championships, but the zenith was their triumph in the 1974 European Cup final against Atlético Madrid, which Bayern won 4–0 after a replay.cite web | title = The Golden Years | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = 2003 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/history/00266.php] During the following years the team was unsuccessful domestically, but defended their European title by defeating Leeds United in the final when Roth and Müller secured victory with late goals. A year later in Glasgow, AS Saint-Étienne were defeated by another Roth goal and Bayern became the third club to win the trophy in three consecutive years. The final trophy won by Bayern in this era was the Intercontinental Cup, in which they defeated Brazilian club Cruzeiro Belo Horizonte over two legs. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 190-8
isbn = 389533426X
] The rest of the decade was a time of change and saw no further titles for Bayern. In 1977 Franz Beckenbauer left for New York Cosmos and in 1979 Sepp Maier and Uli Hoeneß retired while Gerd Müller joined the Fort Lauderdale Strikers. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 214-226
isbn = 389533426X
]

From FC Breitnigge to FC Hollywood (1979-98)

The 1980s were a period of off-field turmoil for Bayern, with many changes in personnel and financial problems. On the field, Paul Breitner and Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, termed "FC Breitnigge", led the team to Bundesliga titles in 1980 and 1981. Apart from a German Cup win in 1982, two relatively unsuccessful seasons followed, after which Breitner retired and former coach Udo Lattek returned. Bayern won the 1984 cup, then went on to win five championships in six seasons, including a double in 1986. However, European success was elusive during the decade; Bayern only managed to claim the runners-up spot in the European Cup in 1982 and 1987. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 226-267
isbn = 389533426X
]

Jupp Heynckes was hired as coach in 1987, but after two consecutive championships in 1988-89 and 1989-90 Bayern's form dipped. After a second place in 1990-91 the club finished just five points above the relegation places in 1991-92. Success returned when Franz Beckenbauer took over for the second half of the 1993-94 season, winning the Championship again after a four year gap. Beckenbauer was then appointed club president. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 273-299
isbn = 389533426X
]

His successors as coach, Giovanni Trapattoni and Otto Rehhagel both finished trophyless after a season, not meeting the club's high expectations.cite web | title = Forward into the next Millenium | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = 2003 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/history/00120.php] During this time Bayern's players frequently appeared in the gossip pages of the press rather than the sports pages, resulting in the nickname "FC Hollywood". Franz Beckenbauer briefly returned at the end of the 1995-96 season as caretaker coach and led his team to victory in the UEFA Cup 1995-96, beating Bordeaux in the final. For the 1996-97 season Giovanni Trapattoni returned to win the championship. But in the following season Bayern lost the title to the just promoted 1.FC Kaiserslautern and Trapattoni had to take his leave for the second time. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 307-345
isbn = 389533426X
]

Renewed international success (1998-present)

From 1998-2004 Bayern were coached by Ottmar Hitzfeld. In Hitzfeld's first season, Bayern won the Bundesliga and came close to winning the Champions League, losing 2–1 to Manchester United in injury time after leading for most of the match. The 1999-2000 season resulted in Bayern winning their third league and cup double. A third consecutive Bundesliga title followed in 2001, won in a finish on the final day of the league season. Days later, Bayern won the Champions League for the fourth time after a 25 year gap, defeating Valencia CF on penalties. The 2001-02 season began with a win in the International Cup, but ended trophyless otherwise. A season later Bayern won their fourth double, leading the league by a record margin. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 351-433
isbn = 389533426X
] Hitzfeld's reign ended in 2004, with Bayern underperforming, including a cup defeat by second division Alemannia Aachen.

Felix Magath took over and led Bayern to two consecutive Doubles. Prior to the start of the 2005-06 season, Bayern moved from the Olympic Stadium to the new Allianz Arena, which the club shares with TSV 1860. On the field their performance in 2006-07 was erratic. Trailing in the league and having lost to Alemannia Aachen in the cup yet again, coach Magath was sacked shortly after the winter break. [cite web | title = Bayern part company with Felix Magath | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-07-15 | date = January 31, 2007 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/news/news/2007/10644.php]

Former Bayern coach Ottmar Hitzfeld returned to Munich in January 2007, but Bayern finished the 2006-07 season fourth, thus failing to qualify for the Champions League for the first time in more than a decade. Additional losses in the DFB Cup and the League Cup left the club with no honours for the season. For the 2007-08 season, Bayern Munich made drastic squad changes to help retool and rebuild. They signed a total of eight new players and sold, released or loaned out nine of their existing players. Luca Toni from ACF Fiorentina, Miroslav Klose from Werder Bremen and record signing Franck Ribery from Olympique Marseille headlined the signings. [Bayern Magazin: 1/59, pages: 16-21, 2007-08-11 (in German)] The new additions paid off, as the Reds went on to win the 2008 German Cup and the Bundesliga, being on top of the standings on every single week of play.cite web | title = Fussballdaten - Zahlen, Texte, Bilder | publisher = fussballdaten.de | accessdate = 2008-07-15 | date = May 17, 2008 | url = http://www.fussballdaten.de | language = German]

On January 11, 2008 it was announced that Jürgen Klinsmann would succeed Ottmar Hitzfeld as Manager on July 1, 2008. He signed a two year contract. cite web|title = Jürgen Klinsmann to succeed Hitzfeld at Bayern | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/news/news/2008/14731.php | accessdate = 2008-01-11 | date = 2008-01-11 | pbulisher = The official FC Bayern Munich website]

Colours

football kit box
align = right
pattern_la=_whitelines
pattern_b=_red_stripes_red_sh_NEW
pattern_ra=_whitelines
pattern_sh=_adidaswhite
pattern_so=_3_stripes_white
leftarm=DD0000
body=FFFFFF
rightarm=DD0000
shorts=DD0000
socks=DD0000
title= Bayern's home colours for the 2008-09 Bundesliga season
In the original club constitution, Bayern's colours were named as white and blue, but the club played in white shirts with black shorts until 1905, when Bayern joined MSC. MSC decreed that the footballers would have to play in red shorts. Also the younger players were called red-shorts, which was meant as an insult. Bayern has played in red and white for most of its existence, but blue has been included on occasion. In the 1969-69 season the shirts were striped in blue and white, and the shorts and socks were also blue. A similar style appeared in 1995, when blue was for the first time the dominant colour. From 1998 on Bayern returned to its original colours.

The club's away kit has had a wide range of colours over the years, including white, black, blue, and gold-green. Bayern also features a distinct international kit. As of 2008, the home kit is red with white sripes across the shirt, the away kit is dark blue, and the international kit is white. [cite web | title = Kits / Adidas Collection | publisher = FC Bayern Fan-Shop | accessdate = 2008-08-13 | date = August 2008 | url = http://shop.fcbayern.de/en/6/0/-fcb-_--/]

Crest

Bayern's crest has changed several times. Originally it consisted of the stylized letters F, C, B, M, which were woven into one symbol. The original crest was blue. The colours of Bavaria were included for the first time in 1954.

The modern version of the crest has evolved from the 1954 version in several steps. While the crest consisted of a single colour only for most of the time, namely blue or red, the current (2008) crest is blue, red, and white. It has the colours of Bavaria in its centre and FC Bayern München is written in white on a red ring enclosing the Bavarian colours.

tadium

Bayern played its first training games at the Schyrenplatz in the center of Munich. The first official games were held on the Theresienwiese. In 1901 Bayern moved to its first own field, which was located in Schwabing at the Clemensstraße. After joining the Münchner Sport-Club (MSC) in 1906, Bayern moved in May 1907 to MSC's ground at the Leopoldstraße. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 451-452
isbn = 389533426X
] As the crowds gathering for Bayern's home games increased at the beginning of the 1920s, Bayern had to switch to various premises in Munich. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 55
isbn = 389533426X
]

From 1925 Bayern shared the Grünwalder Stadion with 1860 Munich. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 453-455
isbn = 389533426X
] Until World War II the stadium was owned by 1860 Munich, and is still colloquially known as "Sechz'ger" ("Sixties") Stadium nowadays. It was destroyed during the war, and efforts to rebuild it resulted in a patchwork. Bayern's record crowd at the Grünwalder Stadion is reported as more than 50,000 in the home game against 1. FC Nuremberg in the 1961-62 season. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 122
isbn = 389533426X
] In the Bundesliga era the stadium had a maximum capacity of 44,000 which was reached on several occasions, but the capacity has since been reduced to 21,272. As was the case at most of this period's stadia, the vast majority of the stadium was given over to terracing. Today the second teams of both clubs play in the stadium. [cite web | title = Das Grünwalder Stadion | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = 2005 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/de/verein/ag/stadion/gruenwalder/ | language = German] [cite web | title = Sportliche Höhepunkte in der Geschichte des Sechz'gers | publisher = Freunde des Sechz'ger Stadions e.V. | accessdate = 2008-07-14 | date = 2007 | url = http://www.gruenwalder-stadion.de/?id=43 | language = German]

For the Olympic Games of 1972 the city of Munich built the Olympic Stadium. The stadium, renowned for its architecture, [cite book
title = Monumente der Welt
language = German
publisher = Harenberg
year = 1985
pages = 286-287
isbn = 3-88379-035-4
] was inaugurated in the last Bundesliga match of the 1971-72 season. The match drew a capacity crowd of 79,000, a total which was reached again on numerous occasions. The stadium was, in its early days, considered to be one of the foremost stadia in the world and played host to numerous major finals, such as that of 1974 FIFA World Cup. [cite web | title = The Olympic Stadium - Event Highlights | accessdate = 2008-07-12 | date = December 31, 2007 | publisher = Olympiapark München GmbH | url = http://www.olympiapark-muenchen.de/index.php?id=hoehepunkte_olystad] In the following years the stadium underwent several modifications, such as an increase in seating space from approximately 50% to ca. 66%. Eventually the stadium had a capacity of 63,000 for national matches, and 59,000 for international occasions such as European Cup competitions. Many people, however, began to feel that the stadium was too cold in winter, with half the audience exposed to the weather due to lack of cover. A further complaint was the distance between the spectators and the pitch, the stadium betraying its track and field heritage. Modification of the stadium proved impossible as the architect Günther Behnisch vetoed major modifications of the stadium.cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 463-469
isbn = 389533426X
]

After much discussion the city, the state of Bavaria, FC Bayern, and TSV 1860 jointly decided at the end of 2000 to build a new stadium. While Bayern had wanted to build a purpose-built football stadium for several years, the awarding of the FIFA World Cup 2006 to Germany stimulated the discussion as the Olympic Stadium no longer met the FIFA criteria to host a World Cup game. Located on the northern outskirts of Munich the Allianz Arena has been in use since the beginning of the 2005-06 season. Its initial capacity of 66,000 fully covered seats has since been increased for matches on national level to 69,901 by transforming 3,000 seats to terracing in a 2:1 ratio. [cite web | title = General information about the Allianz Arena | accessdate = 2008-07-12 | date = 2007 | publisher = Allianz Arena München Stadion GmbH | url = http://www.allianz-arena.de/en/fakten/allgemeine-informationen/] The most prominent feature of the stadium is the translucent outer layer, which can be illuminated in different colours for impressive effects. Usually red lighting is used for Bayern home games and blue for 1860 home games. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 465-469
isbn = 389533426X
]

Supporters

Bayern considers itself a national club. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 446
isbn = 389533426X
] The club has more than 142,500 members and 2,000 fanclubs, making it the club with the largest number of organized supporters in Germany. Owing partly to the club having supporters all over the country, all of Bayern's away games have been sold out in recent years.cite web | title = Bundesliga Attendance | accessdate = 2008-07-07 | date = 2008 | publisher = weltfussball.de | url = http://www.weltfussball.de/zuschauer/bundesliga-2007-2008/1/] Their following is mainly recruited from the aspiring middle class and regional Bavaria. Despite a large proportion of their supporters having to travel more than 200 km (ca. 120 miles) regularly, [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 445, 502
isbn = 389533426X
] the club's home matches in the Allianz Arena have almost without exception been sold out. cite web | title = The Allianz Arena" | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-14 | date = August 2008 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/company/allianz/index.php]

Bayern Munich is also renowned for its well-organized ultra scene. The most prominent groups are the [http://www.schickeria-muenchen.de Schickeria München] , the "Red Munichs '89", the "Südkurve '73", the "Munichmaniacs 1996", the "Service Crew Munich", the "Red Angels", the "Tavernen Crew München", and the "Red Sharks". Stern des Südens is the song which fans sing at FCB home games. In the 1990s they also used to sing "FC Bayern, Forever Number One". [cite web | title = Fanlieder | publisher = Berliner Bajuwaren (Bayern Fanclub) | accessdate = 2008-07-17 | date = 2008 | url = http://www.berliner-bajuwaren.de/include.php?path=content/content.php&contentid=36 | language = German]

Rivalries

Bayern is one of three professional football clubs in Munich. Bayern's main local rival is TSV 1860 Munich, who were the more successful club in the 1960s, winning a cup and a championship. In the 1970s and 1980s, TSV 1860 moved between the first and the third division, but lately have settled in the second division. The rivalry has therefore, at least from a Bayern point of view, lost importance, reflecting the lopsided state of the achievements of the two clubs and the absence of players for whom local grudges would still matter. On the other hand the Münchner Stadtderby is still a much anticipated event, getting a lot of extra attention from supporters of both clubs. [Bayern Magazin: Sonderheft DFB-Pokal, 2008-02-27 (in German)] 1860 is considered more working-class, and therefore suffers from a diminishing fan base in a city where the manufacturing sector is declining. Bayern is considered the establishment club,cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 439-449
isbn = 389533426X
] which is reflected by many board members being business leaders and including the former Bavarian minister president. Despite the rivalry, Bayern has repeatedly supported 1860 in times of financial disarray.

SpVgg Unterhaching from the semi-rural southern outskirts of Munich, is the city's third team. They celebrated their biggest success in 1999 when they gained promotion to the Bundesliga and stayed in the top flight for a second season. Since then they have been playing in the second Bundesliga and the third division. In the 2008-09 season they will be playing in the newly founded 3rd Liga. There is no rivalry between Bayern and Unterhaching, the most notable event in the relation of the two clubs being the finish of the 1999-2000 Bundesliga season. Unterhaching defeated Bayer Leverkusen on the last day of the season, giving Bayern the chance to surpass Leverkusen in the standings and claim the title.cite web | title = Emotion, drama and glory | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-15 | date = 2008 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/history/00373.php] [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 363-364
isbn = 389533426X
]

Since the 1920s, 1. FC Nuremberg has been Bayern's main rival in Bavaria. Both clubs played in the same league in the mid-1920s, but in the 1920s and 1930s, Nuremberg was far more successful, winning five championships in the 1920s, making the club Germany's record champion. Bayern took over the title more than sixty years later, when they won their tenth championship in 1987, thereby surpassing the number of championships won by Nuremberg. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 55-57, 64, 256-7
isbn = 389533426X
] The duel between Bayern and Nuremberg is often referred to as the Bavarian Derby.

Since the 1970s, Bayern's main rivals have been the clubs who put up the strongest fight against its national dominance. In the 1970s this was Borussia Mönchengladbach, in the 1980s the category expanded to include Hamburger SV. In the 1990s Werder Bremen, Bayer Leverkusen, and Borussia Dortmund, [cite web | title = Kahn: We'll be back with a vengeance | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-15 | date = May 6, 2002 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/news/news/2002/i02466.php] emerged as the most ardent opponents. Recently Schalke 04, [cite web | title = Bayern fired up for Schalke showdown | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-15 | date = March 30, 2007 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/news/news/2007/11368.php] Bremen and Hamburg have been the main challengers in the Bundesliga. Amongst Bayern's chief European rivals are Real Madrid [cite web | title = Bayern seek maximum return in Hamburg | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-15 | date = September 1, 2007 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/news/news/2007/13184.php] , A.C. Milan, [cite web | Bayern paired with old foes Milan | accessdate = 2008-08-15 | date = March 9, 2007 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/news/news/2007/11115.php] and Manchester United due to many classic wins, draws and losses.

Organization and finance

Professional football at Bayern is run by the spin-off organization "FC Bayern München AG". "AG" is short for "Aktiengesellschaft", and Bayern is run like a joint stock company, a company whose stock are not listed on the public stock exchange, but is privately owned. 90% of "FC Bayern München AG" is owned by the club, the "FC Bayern München e. V." ("e. V." is short for "Eingetragener Verein", which translates into "Registered Club") and 10% by sports goods manufacturer Adidas, which is also a major sponsor of the club.cite web | title = Company | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-07-17 | date = 2006 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/company/organe/index.php] Adidas acquired its shares in 2002 for €77m. The money was designated to help finance the Allianz Arena. [cite book
last = Schulze-Marmeling
first = Dietrich
title = Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters
language = German
publisher = Die Werkstatt
year = 2003
pages = 473-474
isbn = 389533426X
]

Bayern's main advertising partner and current holder of the jersey rights is Deutsche Telekom. The main supplier of the club is Adidas. Other premium partners include Audi, Coca-Cola, Lufthansa, Nikon, Siemens, and Sony Ericsson. [cite web | title = Sponsors | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-07-16 | date = 2006 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/company/sponsors/index.php] In previous years the jersey rights were held by Adidas [cite web | title = Picture of Uli Hoeneß with Adidas jersey | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/hall_of_fame/00234.php] (1974-78), Magirus Deutz and Iveco [cite web | title = Picture of Karl-Heinz Rummenigge with Magirus-Deutz jersey | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/hall_of_fame/00235.php] (trucks / 1978-84), Commodore [cite web | title = Picture of Roland Wolhfarth with Commodore jersey | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/hall_of_fame/00145.php] (computers / 1984-89) and Opel [cite web | title = Picture of Stefan Effenberg with Opel jersey | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/hall_of_fame/00147.php] (cars / 1989-2002).

Bayern is led mostly by former club players. The club President is Franz Beckenbauer, who is also Chairman of the supervisory board of the AG. The Chairman of the executive board of the AG is Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Uli Hoeneß is the deputy chairman of the executive board of the AG. Hoeneß has been in office, formerly as general manager of the club, since 1979.

In 2007 the club reported record profits despite a poor year of on pitch performance, with an after tax profit of 18.9 million Euros. [cite web | title = Bayern unveil record balance sheet | accessdate = 2007-11-24 | date = 2007-11-13 | publisher = The official FC Bayern Munich website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/news/news/2007/14086.php] According to Deloitte's annual Football Money League, Bayern was the seventh richest club in the world in 2007, generating revenues of €227.2 Mio. [cite web |title = United rise but Real Madrid stays top | url = http://www.deloitte.com/dtt/press_release/0,1014,sid%253D2834%2526cid%253D191865,00.html | publisher = Deloitte UK | date = 2008-02-14| accessdate = 2008-02-16]

Other departments

FC Bayern II

The reserve team serves mainly as the final stepping stone for promising young players before being promoted to the main team. Bayern II is coached by Hermann Gerland and Gerd Müller. [cite web | title = FC Bayern München II | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = June 2008 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/de/mannschaften/fcb2/ | language = German] Since the inception of the Regionalligas in 1994 the team has played in the Regionalliga Süd, after playing in the Oberliga since 1978. In the 2007-08 season they qualified for the newly found 3rd Liga. The team has since 1978 played in the highest league that the DFB permits the second division of a professional football team to play.

Junior Football

Bayern Munich's junior division has produced some of Europe's top football players, including Owen Hargreaves, Thomas Hitzlsperger, Philipp Lahm, and Bastian Schweinsteiger. The division was founded in 1902 and is run by Werner Kern. It consists of eleven teams with more than 170 players, the youngest being under ten. [cite web | title = Junior Team | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Web Site | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = 2008 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/de/mannschaften/junior/info/ | language = German]

Women's Football

The women's football team features several members of the German national youth team. In the 2007-08 season, coach Sissy Raith led the team to a fourth place in the women's Bundesliga. The division was founded in 1970 and consists of three teams with 90 players. Their greatest success was winning the championship in 1976. [cite web | title = Women | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-07-07 | date = 2005 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/teams/frauen/]

Other sports

Bayern has other departments for
* basketball since 1946 with 280 players in 19 teams
* bowling since 1984 with 46 players in 4 teams
* chess since 1908 with 97 players in 8 teams
* gymnastics since 1974 with 35 gymnasts in 1 team
* handball since 1945 with 300 players in 10 teams
* table tennis since 1946 with 160 players in 12 teams
* referees since 1919 with 115 referees
* and senior football since 2002 with 135 players in 5 teams

Training facility

FC Bayern Munich training facilities, for both the professional and the Junior Team, are located at the Bayern Munich Headquarters.cite web|title = Performance centre | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/company/saebenerstr/16510.php | accessdate = 2008-08-12 | date = 2008] cite web|title = Youth academy | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/company/saebenerstr/16513.php | accessdate = 2008-08-12 | date = 2008] There are four grass pitches, one of which has undersoil heating, one artificial grass field and a multi-functional sports hall. [cite web|title = Training ground | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/company/saebenerstr/16512.php | accessdate = 2008-08-14 | date = 2008]

The players' quarters opened in 1990 and were reconstructed after the 2007-08 season on suggestions by the new coach, Jürgen Klinsmann, who took inspiration from various major sports clubs. The quarters are now called the performance centre and feature a weights and fitness area, a massage unit, dressing rooms, the coaches' office, and a conference room with screening facilities for video analysis. A café, a library, an e-Learning room, and a family room are also included.

Located at the headquarters is also the Youth academy, which houses up top 13 young talents from outside the city. While being part of Bayern's Junior Team they can work there on their development as footballers. Former residents of the Youth House include Owen Hargreaves, Michael Rensing, and Bastian Schweinsteiger.

Honours

Bayern has won 52 major trophies.cite web | title = Klubstatistik | publisher = FC Bayern Munich Official Website | accessdate = 2008-08-11 | date = June 2008 | url = http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/company/club/statistics/index.php]

*German Champions: 21 (record)
**1931-32, 1968-69, 1971-72, 1972-73, 1973-74, 1979-80, 1980-81, 1984-85, 1985-86, 1986-87, 1988-89, 1989-90, 1993-94, 1996-97, 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2000-01, 2002-03, 2004-05, 2005-06, 2007-08
*German Cup: 14 (record)
**1957, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008

*League Cup: 6 (record)
**1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2007

*German Supercup: 3
**1982 (Unofficial), 1987, 1990

*Intercontinental Cup: 2
** 1976, 2001

*UEFA Champions League/European Cup: 4
**1974, 1975, 1976, 2001

*European Cup Winners Cup: 1
**1967

*UEFA Cup: 1
**1996

Other trophies

*sport honours|Fuji-Cup|2|1994, 1995
*sport honours|Trofeo Santiago Bernabéu|3|1979, 1980, 2002
*sport honours|Trofeo Internacional Ciudad de Terrassa|1|1972
*sport honours|Trofeo Teresa Herrera|1|1989

Domestic

*Southern German champions: 1925-26, 1927-28

*Bezirksliga Bayern (I) champions: 1925-26

*Bezirksliga Südbayern (I) champions: 1927-28, 1928-29, 1929-30, 1930-31, 1931-32, 1932-33

*Gauliga Südbayern (I) champions: 1943-44

*Regionalliga Süd (II) champions: 1964-65

Players

"See also: Bayern Munich II, Bayern Munich Junior Team"

Current squad

"As of July 14, 2008. [cite web | title = FC Bayern München - Der Kader 2008/09 | accessdate = 2008-07-14 | date = 2008 | publisher = fussballdaten.de | url = http://www.fussballdaten.de/vereine/bayernmuenchen/2009/kader/ | language= German]

Retired Number(s)

*1211Bayern is one of the teams that has retired the number 12 shirt. This number is given to the fans as an act to show that the they are part of the team.

Players out on loan

"For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2008."

Notable past players

Notable pre-1963 former coaches

*flagicon|Germany Josef Pöttinger (1946-47)
*flagicon|Austria Richard Kohn (1931-1933)
*flagicon|Hungary Izidor Kürschner (1921-1922)
*flagicon|England Billy Townley (1914, 1919-1921)

tatistics

Recent seasons

"See also: FC Bayern Munich 2007-08 and FC Bayern Munich 2008-09"


As of July 2008 [cite web | title = Bundesliga Archive | publisher = Deutscher Fußball Bund | accessdate = 2008-07-14 | date = July 2008 | url = http://www.dfb.de/index.php?id=320005]
Rank = Rank in the Bundesliga; P = Played; W = Win; D = Draw; L = Loss; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points; Cup = German Cup; UEFA = UEFA Cup; CL = UEFA Champions League.
in = Still in competition; n/a = Not attended; 1R = 1st round; 2R = 2nd round; 3R = 3rd round; 1/8 = Round of last eight; QF = Quarterfinals; SF = Semifinals.

References

External links

* [http://www.fcbayern.t-home.de/en/ Official site in English] (German, Japanese, Spanish, and Chinese versions also available)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bayern Munich v Norwich City — Event 1993–94 UEFA Cup, second round Bayern Munich Norwich City 1 2 Date 20 October 1993 …   Wikipedia

  • Bayern Munich (Féminine) — Bayern Munich (féminines) Bayern Munich (féminines) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayern Munich (feminine) — Bayern Munich (féminines) Bayern Munich (féminines) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayern Munich (féminine) — Bayern Munich (féminines) Bayern Munich (féminines) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayern munich (féminine) — Bayern Munich (féminines) Bayern Munich (féminines) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayern Munich — 48°6′6.64″N 11°34′22.00″E / 48.1018444, 11.5727778 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayern Munich Junior Team — Infobox Football club clubname = Bayern Munich Junior Team fullname = FC Bayern Munich Junior Team founded = 1902 1995 (Restructured) nickname = ground = FC Bayern Munich Headquarters capacity = None | chairman = flagicon|Germany Franz… …   Wikipedia

  • Bayern Munich (basket-ball) — Cet article concerne le club de basket ball du Bayern Munich. Pour le club de football, voir Bayern Munich. Bayern Munich …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayern Munich (féminines) — Infobox club sportif Bayern Munich (féminines) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • FC Bayern Munich — Bayern Munich Bayern Munich …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.