Stadio Olimpico


Stadio Olimpico
Stadio Olimpico
Olimpico
Stadio Olimpico in Rome.jpg
Location Rome, Italy 
Coordinates 41°56′1.99″N 12°27′17.23″E / 41.9338861°N 12.4547861°E / 41.9338861; 12.4547861Coordinates: 41°56′1.99″N 12°27′17.23″E / 41.9338861°N 12.4547861°E / 41.9338861; 12.4547861
Broke ground 1901
Built 1928
Opened 1937
Renovated 1953
Expanded 1990
Owner Italian National Olympic Committee
Surface Grass
105 × 68 m
Architect Annibale Vitellozzi[1]
Capacity 72,698
Tenants
S.S. Lazio
A.S. Roma
Italy national rugby union team
1960 Summer Olympics
1975 Summer Universiade
1987 World Championships in Athletics

The Stadio Olimpico is the main and largest sports facility of Rome, Italy. It is located within the Foro Italico sports complex on the north of the city. An asset of the Italian National Olympic Committee, the structure is intended primarily for football. It is the home stadium of Serie A clubs Lazio and Roma, the venue of the final Coppa Italia, the home venue of the Italian national rugby union team and Italy's national athletics stadium. It also occasionally hosts concerts of pop music and events of various kinds.

Contents

History

Throughout its history, the Stadio Olympico has undergone several substantial restructurings and a complete restyling:

1937, the Stadio del Cipressi

In its first stages, the Stadio Olimpico was called the Stadio dei Cipressi. It was designed and constructed within the larger project of the Foro Mussolini (Mussolini Forum), which was renamed Foro Italico after the war.

Construction work began in 1927, under the direction of Turinese engineer Angelo Frisa and architect Enrico Del Debbio, and was finished, after few variations, in 1932. The construction of masonry stands wasn't foreseen, the original stands consisted of grassy terraces.

In 1937 the construction of a second tier of stairs was started, but the work was interrupted in 1940 due to the outbreak of the war.

1953, the Stadio dei Centomila

On December 1950, the site was reopened for the completion of the stadium. The project was entrusted to the engineer Carlo Roccatelli, a member of the Superior Council of Public Works. At first, they thought of a stadium with a more complex structure than that actually realised,[citation needed] but the scarcity of funds and the environmental characteristics of the area led to a less ambitious version. On the death of Roccatelli in 1951, the direction of the work was entrusted to architect Annibale Vitellozzi. It now reaches a capacity of about 100,000 people (hence the name of Stadio dei Centomila, which the stadium was called before 1960), and in view of the XVII Olympiad. The building was inaugurated on 17 May 1953 with a football game between Italy and Hungary.

1960, the Stadio Olimpico

During the 1960 Summer Olympics, the stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies, and the athletics competitions. The posts were eliminated in the feet, with the result to actual capacity to 65,000 spectators.[2] Following hosted several editions of the Italian Championships in Athletics, the 1975 Summer Universiade (the stadium was the only venue in the Universiade), and the 1987 World Athletics Championships and still hosts the annual meeting of the Golden Gala.

The main feature of the stadium was its surprisingly low elevation from the ground, despite its considerable capacity. The result was achieved thanks to partial sottoelevazione of the pitch, also exploiting the natural shape of a hollow ground around it. Thanks to these measures, the system was integrated seamlessly with the surrounding environment, providing a very pleasing visual appearance and content. The seats were originally made of wood, later replaced by others in stone pale green. This was not a cover of stairs, with the exception of a small structure, which was added later, that in addition to cover a small part of the Tribuna Monte Mario, which hosted journalists for Radiocronaca and press rooms. The main criticism in these years was the poor views from the curva caused by the large distance from the pitch. This was due to the presence of the athletics track and the need to conform to the existing structure.

1990 restructuring and coverage of the stadium

The new coverage added during the '90s.

In view of the 1990 FIFA World Cup, which was the Olympic main Stadium, the facility was the subject of an extensive enhancement. Because of the work in 1989 of the Capitoline teams Lazio and Roma played their internal competitions at Stadio Flaminio. The work was entrusted to a team of designers, including the original designer Annibale Vitellozzi. From 1987 to 1990, the plan of action was amended several times, with a consequent rise in costs. Ultimately, Olimpico was entirely demolished and rebuilt in reinforced concrete, with the exception of the Tribuna Tevere expanded with the addition of further steps, the curves were closer to the field of nine metres. All sectors of the stadium were covered with full coverage in tensostructure white. Also installed were backless seats in blue plastic, and two giant screens built in 1987 for the World Athletics Championships were also mounted inside the curve. At the end of the new version of Olimpico had 82,911 seats, and so was the 14th stage in the world for number of seats in the stadiums used for football, the 29th among all the stages and the second in Italy, to just behind the San Siro Stadium of Milan. The restructuring works, with the result of an undoubtedly impressive and fascinating, not kept account of the surroundings. The rise of the stairs, as well as coveragestravolsero fully the principles on which the previous stage was designed and constructed.

The Stadio Olimpico was host to five matches in which the Italian National Team took part in, and the final between West Germany and Argentina. West Germany won the final match 1–0.

By the same conformation of 1990, on 22 May 1996, the Stadio Olimpico hosted the UEFA Champions League Final between Juventus and Ajax, which saw the Bianconeri prevail in a penalty shoot-out.

2008 restyling of the stadium

Interior of the stadium.

In 2007, it was engaged in a vast plan of restyling inside the stadium to conform to UEFA standards, for the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final, which was disputed in Rome. The work was performed and completed in 2008, having included the establishment of standard structures, with improvements in security, the adjustment of dressing rooms and press room, the complete replacement of the seats, installing high definition LED screens, the partial removal of plexiglas fences between spectators and the field, and a reduction of posts, until the current capacity of 72,698. In order to increase the comfort of the audience, a part of the modernisation of the stadium were the increase of the points of rest and adjustment to a toilet. These actions have allowed the Stadio Olimpico to be classified as UEFA Elite stadium.

Rome is currently bidding to host the 2020 Summer Olympics. Should Rome be selected to host the games, the Stadio Olimpico would host the athletics events, the men's football final as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.

Panorama of Stadio Olimpico during the 2011 Coppa Italia Final

Areas and capacity

The stadium has a current capacity of 72,698, distributed as follows:[3]

  • Tribuna Monte Mario – 16,555
  • Tribuna Tevere – 16,397
  • Distinto Sud Ovest – 5,747
  • Distinto Sud Est – 5,637
  • Distinto Nord Ovest – 5,769
  • Distinto Nord Est – 5,597
  • Curva Sud – 8,486
  • Curva Nord – 8,520

Famous matches

Average attendances

The average season attendances from league matches held at the Stadio Olimpico for Lazio and Roma. [4]

Season Roma Lazio
1961–62 30,176 20,730*
1962–63 37,248 17,523
1963–64 31,269 Coccarda italia.png 24,979
1964–65 30,176 20,730
1965–66 28,897 21,486
1966–67 35,375 21,680
1967–68 35,902 15,586
1968–69 46,323 Coccarda italia.png 21,935*
1969–70 50,625 34,883*
1970–71 45,551 37,979
1971–72 47,990 26,132*
1972–73 44,310 45,591
1973–74 47,597 49,833 Scudetto.svg
1974–75 53,935 44,846
1975–76 44,607 40,859
1976–77 36,899 37,920
1977–78 40,956 38,786
1978–79 48,768 41,059
Season Roma Lazio
1979–80 44,589 Coccarda italia.png 31,560
1980–81 51,103 Coccarda italia.png 24,148*
1981–82 45,289 21,634*
1982–83 54,510 Scudetto.svg 34,234*
1983–84 52,793 Coccarda italia.png 46,908
1984–85 51,421 38,544
1985–86 50,151 Coccarda italia.png 25,872*
1986–87 49,138 30,945*
1987–88 42,755 29,790*
1988–89 34,913 32,125
1989–90 # 22,067 20,022
1990–91 43,570 Coccarda italia.png 36,371
1991–92 51,609 39,499
1992–93 50,306 49,105
1993–94 52,615 50,149
1994–95 56,356 48,715
1995–96 53,146 46,326
1996–97 50,557 38,699
Season Roma Lazio
1997–98 52,813 46,058 Coccarda italia.png
1998–99 54,309 53,184
1999–00 58,915 51,956 Scudetto.svg Coccarda italia.png
2000–01 63,370 Scudetto.svg 48,498
2001–02 59,402 42,684
2002–03 57,160 44,129
2003–04 55,413 49,341 Coccarda italia.png
2004–05 49,631 37,516
2005–06 39,726 27,872
2006–07 38,689 Coccarda italia.png 25,048
2007–08 35,982 Coccarda italia.png 21,607
2008–09 39,396 34,626 Coccarda italia.png
2009–10 40,925 36,154
2010–11 33,952 29,122

# In 1989–90 season both teams played at Stadio Flaminio during the renovations of Stadio Olimpico.
* Club was in Serie B
Scudetto.svg = Serie A winners
Coccarda italia.png = Coppa Italia winners

References

External links


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