- Belo Horizonte
name = Belo Horizonte
settlement_type = Municipality
official_name = The Municipality of Belo Horizonte
nickname = "BH," "The Garden City"
motto = "There is no place better than BH"
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Belo Horizonte
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in the State of Minas Gerais
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name = flag|Brazil
subdivision_name1 = Southeast
Fernando da Mata Pimentel(PT)
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1701
established_title2 = Incorporated (as city)
December 12, 1897
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 330.9
area_total_sq_mi = 127.7
elevation_m = 852.19
elevation_ft = 2796
area_metro_km2 = 9459.1
area_metro_sq_mi = 3652
population_as_of = 2007
population_total = 2,412,937 (6th)
population_metro = 5397945
population_density_km2 = 7290.8
population_density_sq_mi = 17521
timezone = BST
utc_offset = -3
timezone_DST = BDT
utc_offset_DST = -2
blank_name = HDI (2000)
blank_info = 0.839 – high
website = [http://www.belohorizonte.mg.gov.br Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais]
Belo Horizonte (Portuguese for "beautiful horizon"IPA|, (IPA2|bɛloɾiˈzõtʃi [This is the pronunciation of the Portuguese variant spoken in the city of Belo Horizonte. Other possible pronunciations in Brazil are IPA2|bɛlu oɾiˈzõtʃi, IPA2|bɛlu oɾiˈzõti and IPA2|bɛlu oɾiˈzõte] ) is the capital of
Minas Geraisstate, located in the southeastern region of Brazil. It is the third-largest metropolitan area in the country. Belo Horizonte or "Beagá" as it is more familiarly known from the sound of its initials BH in Portuguese; has a population of almost 3 million and over 5 million in the official Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte.
settlements in the region occurred in the early 1700s, but the cityas it is known today was planned and constructed in the 1890s, in order to replace Ouro Pretoas the capital of Minas Gerais. It is nowadays well known for the contrast between contemporary and classical buildings, being in fact the location of many modern Brazilian architectural icons, most notably the Pampulha Complex. In planning it, Brazilian engineers Aarão Reis and Francisco Bicalho found their inspiration in the town plan of Washington D.C.[ [http://www.v-brazil.com/tourism/minas-gerais/belo-horizonte.html Belo Horizonte in Brazil Travel] ]
In the area surrounding Belo Horizonte there are
parks of great natural richness such as Mangabeiras, located six kilometres from the city in the Serra do Curral. This park provides an astonishing view of the capital with an area of 2.35 million m2, of which 900 000 m2 are native forest. There is also the Mata do Jambeiro nature reserve extending over 912 hectares, with vegetation typical of the Atlantic Forest. In it live more than one hundred species of birds and ten different species of mammals. The city is also a leading cultural center, with more than three universities, a historical museum, numerous libraries, and sports stadiums. Belo is built on several hills and completely surrounded by mountains. [ [http://www.world66.com/southamerica/brazil/belohorizonte About Belo Horizonte] ] The constant rising and falling of the streets sometimes makes navigation a bit tricky, but the wide avenues lined with trees are always easy guidelines.
Belo Horizonte is the distribution and processing center of a rich agricultural and
miningregion and the nucleus of a burgeoning industrial complex. Its chief manufactures are steel, steel products, automobiles, and textiles. Gold, manganese, and gem stones of the surrounding region are processed in the city. [ [http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~sergiok/brasil/belo.html BH city] ]
The city offers interesting leisure areas,
theatres boasting an intense artistic-cultural production, good and varied cuisine, exquisite handcrafts available on the markets and specialised shops, and maintains a traditional characteristic: the typical regional hospitality.Economic development has been proceeding through the professionalisation of many different tourism segments, above all the areas of events and business.
Confins International Airportconnects Belo Horizonte with many Brazilian cities and also operates international flights. Belo Horizonte is home to the Federal University of Minas Gerais.
source= [http://weather.uk.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?wealocations=wc:BRXX0033 MSN Weather]
clear=noneBelo Horizonte's climate can be classified as Tropical of altitude, with yearly average temperature between 9°C (48.2°F) and 35°C (95°F). The
Köppen climate classificationof the region is Cwa (Tropical on high altitudes, humid/warm summer and a dry/cool winter). As a city located in the southern Hemisphere, Belo Horizonte's spring starts in September, its summer in December, its autumn in March, and its winter in June. Belo Horizonte is located about 300 km (186 mi) distant from the sea.
Even though inter-seasonal differences are not as pronounced as they are in temperate places, and many people believe that, as in much of
Brazil, there are just two seasons (a hot and humid one from October to March, and a colder and drier one from April to September), there is a contrast between springand summer, and between fall and winter.
The coldest month is generally July, with a lowest recorded temperature of 3.1°C (37.6°F). The hottest month is usually January, with a highest recorded temperature of 35.4°C (95.7°F).
There can be problems related with low
air humidityduring August. The 852 m (2795 ft) elevation of Belo Horizonte helps a little in cooling the city, suppressing high maximum air temperatures experienced in nearby cities at lower altitudes.
Belo Horizonte's climate is mild throughout the year. Temperatures vary between 16°C (60.8°F) and 31°C (87.8°F), the average being 21°C (69.8°F). Winter is
dry, and summer is rainy.
metropoliswas once a small village, founded by João Leite da Silva Ortiz, a bandeiranteexplorer from São Paulo. Having found a location with pleasant weather, a nice landscape and good soil for farming, the explorer settled in the region in 1701, leaving a gold hunting expedition. He then established a farm called "Curral d'el Rey", archaic Portuguese for the "King's Corral, which in modern Portuguese would be spelled Curral do Rei." The farm's wealth and success encouraged people from surrounding places to move into the region, and Curral del Rey became a village surrounded by farms.
Another important growth factor of the village were the
migrantsfrom the São Francisco riverregion, who had to pass through Curral d'el Rey in order to reach southern parts of Brazil. Travelers usually visited a small wooden chapel, where they prayed for a safe trip. Due to that, the chapelwas named Capela da Nossa Senhora da Boa Viagem, which means "Chapel of Our Lady of the Good Journey." After the construction of Belo Horizonte, the old baroque chapel was replaced by a neo-gothicchurch which became the city's cathedral.
The previous capital of
Minas Gerais, Ouro Preto, was a symbol of both the monarchic Brazilian Empireand the period when most of Brazilian income was due to mining, and that never pleased the members of the Inconfidência Mineira, republican intellectuals who conspired against the Portuguese dominion of Brazil. In 1889, Brazil became a republic, and it was agreed that a new state capital, in tune with a modernand prosperous Minas Gerais, had to be set.In 1893, due to good climatic and topographic conditions, Curral Del Rey was elected by Minas Gerais governor Afonso Pena from other cities as the spot for the new economical and cultural center of the state, under the new name of "Cidade de Minas," or Minas City.
Aarão Reis, an
urbanistfrom Pará, was then set to design the first planned cityof Brazil, and then Cidade de Minas was inaugurated finally in 1897, with many unfinished constructions as the Brazilian Government set a deadline for its completion. Inhabitation of the city was subsidized by the local government, through the concession of free empty lots and funding for building houses. An interesting feature of Belo Horizonte Reis designed was the downtownstreet plan, featuring a regular array of perpendicular and diagonal streets, named after Brazilian states and Brazilian indigenoustribes.
In 1906, the name was then changed to Belo Horizonte, and at that time the city was experiencing a considerable industrial expansion that increased its commercial and
servicesectors. From its very beginning, the city's original plan prohibited workers to live inside the urban area which was defined by Avenida do Contorno (a long avenue which goes around the city's central areas), reserved for the public sector functionaries (hence the name of the still trendy neighborhood "Funcionários"), and causing an accelerated occupation outside the city's area well provided with infrastructuresince its very beginning. 's original planners didn't count on its population growth afterwards, which proved especially intense in the last twenty years of the 20th century.
In the 1940s, a young
Oscar Niemeyerdesigned the Pampulha Neighborhood to great acclaim, a commission he got thanks to then-mayor, soon-to-be-president Juscelino Kubitschek. These two men are largely responsible for the wide avenues, large lakes, parks and jutting skylines that characterize the citytoday.
Belo Horizonte is fast becoming a regional center of commerce,
Latin American headquarters here. It continues to be a trendsetter in the arts, particularly where music, literature, architectureand the avant-garde are concerned. There are plans underway to move a complex of governmentministries north of the center, onto the roadto Confins International Airport, liberating space around beautiful palm-fringed Praça da Liberdade to house the city's symphony orchestraand other arts organizations.
According to the
IBGEof 2007, there were 4,982,000 people residing in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte. The population density was convert|7290.8|PD/sqkm|PD/sqmi. The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 2,321,612 Pardo(Brown) people (46.6%), 2,117,350 White people (42.5%), 513,000 Black people (10.3%), 29,000 Asian or Amerindian people (0.6%). [cite book|url=ftp://ftp.ibge.gov.br/Indicadores_Sociais/Sintese_de_Indicadores_Sociais_2007/Tabelas|title=Síntese de Indicadores Sociais 2007|publisher= IBGE|location=Belo Horizonte, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2007|language=Portuguese]
The Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte is the 3rd most populous of
Brazil, after São Pauloand Rio de Janeiro. The cityis the 6th most populous of the country.
During the 18th century, Minas Gerais received many Portuguese immigrants, mainly from
Northern Portugalas well as a huge number of slaves from Africa. [citar web|url=http://members.tripod.com/~Historia_Demografica/iddcosta/pdfs-ira/ap03-parte02.pdf|titulo=Algumas Características do Contingente de Cativos em Minas Gerais|autor=Iraci Del Nero da Costa|acessodata=19 de outubro de 2007] [ [http://www.asminasgerais.com.br/?item=CONTEUDO&codConteudoRaiz=88&codConteudoAtual=165 Portuguese immigration] ]
Belo Horizonte has a notable Italian influence, around 30% of the
city's population have some Italian origin. [ [http://www.insieme.com.br/portal/conteudo.php?sid=226&cid=1467&parent=0 Italian origin in BH] ] The Italian cultureis present in the cuisine, dance, and language. [ [http://www.cmbh.mg.gov.br/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=23501&Itemid=367&filter=&nj=1 Italian Culture in BH] ] People of German, Spanish, and Syrian-Lebanese ancestries make up sizeable groups. [ [http://www.luteranos.com.br/101/quem.html German immigration] ] [ [http://www.familyd.net/_libano/libanesesnobrasil_3b.asp Arab immigration] ]
IBGE2000. [ [http://www.sidra.ibge.gov.br/bda/tabela/listabl.asp?z=cd&o=7&i=P&c=2094 Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA ] ] "
Despite its lack of
beaches, Belo Horizonte annually receives large numbers of visitors, as it is in the Brazilian main economic axis, exerting influence even on other states. Both multinational and Brazilian companies, like GDP, with the industry making up for most of the remaining 15%. Belo Horizonte has a developed industrial sector, being traditionally a pole of the Brazilian siderurgical and metallurgical industries, as the state of Minas Gerais has always been very rich in minerals, specifically iron ore.
The main industrial district of the city was set during the 1940s in
Contagem, a part of greater Belo Horizonte. Multinational companies like FIAT(which opened its plant in Betim in 1974), Arcelor, and Toshibahave subsidiaries in the region, along with other textile, cosmetic, food, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, furnishingand refractorycompanies. Between the companies headquartered in the city we can list siderurgicals Açominas (held by Gerdau, one of the largest multinationals originated in Brazil); Usiminas; Belgo-Mineira (held by Arcelor); Acesita(partially held by Arcelor); mobile communication Telemig Celular; and Telecom Italia Mobile, as well as the NYSE-listed electrical company CEMIG, which is said to have the best transmission quality of Brazil. Leading steel product makers Sumitomo Metals of Japanand Vallourec of Francehave also recently announced plans to construct an integrated steel works on the outskirts of Belo Horizonte. fuel.
Projects in these fields are likely to expand due to integration between universities, the
oilcompany Petrobrasand the Brazilian Government. Over 16% of the Brazilian biotechnological industries are located in Belo Horizonte, with annual revenues of more than US$ 550 million. During the past few years, the city has made investments in " Business- Tourism", by promoting more than 3,000 national or international events yearly. One of the largest events that ever took place in the city, the IDB meeting, occurred in 2005 and attracted people from everywhere in the world.The two most important industrial clusters of the State of Minas Geraisare around the cities of Juiz de Foraand Belo Horizonte. In southern Minas Gerais, near Juiz de Fora, there is a concentration of textileindustries, which started to be established in the 19th century. Belo Horizonte and vicinities (Contagem, Betim, Nova Lima, Pedro Leopoldo, Raposo, Rio Acima, Sabará, Santa Luzia e Vespasiano) have a diversified industrial complex; even though minerals processing still have a large importance, there are impportant industries of vehicles, foodproducts, textile, chemicals and others.Several steelproducers are established all around the State: Mannesmann, Belgo-Mineira, Acesita, Usiminas; there is an oilrefinery in Betim, directly connected by pipes to the producing areas off shore the Rio de Janeirocoast; vehiclemakers, like Fiat(in Betim) and Mercedes-Benz(in Juiz de Fora) have plants in Minas Gerais.
For a long time it was marked by the predominance of its
industrial sector, but from the 1990s there has been a constant expansion of the service sectoreconomy, particularly in computer science, biotechnology, business tourism, fashionand the making of jewelry. The city is considered to be a strategic leader in the Brazilian economy.
GDPfor the city was R$ 28,386,694,000 (2005). [cite book|url=http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belo_Horizonte|title=GDP|publisher= IBGE|location=Belo Horizonte, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese]
per capita incomefor the city was R$ 11,951 (2005). [cite book|url=http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belo_Horizonte|title=per capita income|publisher= IBGE|location=Belo Horizonte, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese]
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais(UFMG);
* [http://www.uemg.br Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais] (UEMG);
Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais(PUC-MG);
* [http://www.una.br Centro Universitário] (UNA);
* [http://www.fumec.br Universidade FUMEC] (FUMEC);
* [http://www.unifenas.br Universidade José do Rosário Vellano] (UNIFENAS);
* [http://www.newtonpaiva.br Centro Universitário Newton Paiva] ;
* [http://www.cefetmg.br Centro Federal de Ensino Tecnológico de Minas Gerais] (CEFET-MG);
* and many others.
There are many notable
Brazilian artistic groups which have its origins in Belo Horizonte. Grupo Corpo, which is perhaps the most famous contemporary dancegroup in the country, was created in the city in 1975, travel internationally and are acclaimed throughout the world.Giramundo is an important group, specialized in performing puppet shows. They maintain the museum of the puppets they created since their foundation in 1970, first launched a complete album in 1981, and has released 11 works since that year. Another innovative artistic group is Uakti. They create their own musical instruments using materials like PVC, wood, metalsand glass. The origin of their name is based in a myth by the TukanoIndians, and reflects the indigenous feeling present in their works. Many important rock groups were founded in Belo Horizonte, being among them Jota Quest, Pato Fu, Skank, 14 Bis, Sepulturaand Tianastácia. Clube da Esquinais a musical movement that originated in the mid 1960s, and since that time their members have been considered influent in Minas Geraisculture and have important artists such as Tavinho Moura, Wagner Tiso, Milton Nascimento, Lô Borges, Beto Guedes, Flávio Venturini, Toninho Horta, Márcio Borges, Fernando Brant and 14 Bis, among others. Every two years, the city realizes the FIT BH, The International Theater Festival of Belo Horizonte, which attracts artists from all over Braziland many parts of the world. In 2006, there was an extreme sports event in Belo Horizonte with a slogan that became very popular in Belo Horizonte: "Eu amo BH radicalmente", or "I love Belo Horizonte radically."
Tancredo Neves/Confins International Airport is located in the municipalities of Lagoa Santa and Confins, 38 km (23 mi) from Belo Horizonte, and was opened in January 1984. It was planned from the start for future expansion in steps to meet growing demand. The
airporthas one of the lowest rates of shutdown for bad weatherin the country. However, the Confins airport was not using much of its capacity until 2005, when it was decided that a large part of the Pampulha Airport flights (which is smaller and located inside Belo Horizonte's urban area) would move to Confins. It was planned from the start for future expansion in steps to meet growing demand.
The first step was undertaken with careful concern for the environment, including monitoring by specialized consultants, since the region has a rich
archeologicalheritage. Among the hundreds of caverns in the region, the one at Lapa Vermelha stands out. Located 2.7 km (1.6 mi) from the airport, the oldest female craniumin the Americans was discovered there, dated at roughly 12 thousand years old. Confins is certified by the ISO 9001standard, covering ten processes in the administrative, operational, safety/security and maintenance areas. The Tancredo Neves International Airport has both domestic and international flights (to some locations in South Americaand Europe).
The city is connected to the rest of Minas Gerais state and the country by a number of roadways.
Minas Geraishas the country's largest federal highwaynetwork. [cite book|url=http://noticias.terra.com.br/brasil/interna/0,,OI1422832-EI306,00.html|title=Tempo bom e trânsito lento marcam volta de feriado|publisher=Terra|location=Belo Horizonte, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-02-22|year=2007|language=Portuguese]
* BR-040 connects Belo Horizonte to
Rio de Janeiro(going south) and Brasília(going northwest). It also links other cities in the state, such as Juiz de Fora, Conselheiro Lafaiete, Santos Dumont, Sete Lagoas, and Paracatu.
BR-262begins in Mato Grosso do Suland ends in Espírito Santo, crossing Minas Geraisfrom west to east. It links Belo Horizonte to Pará de Minas, Araxá, Manhuaçu, Uberaba, and Vitória, the capital of Espírito Santostate.
* BR-381 is an important federal highway. It connects Belo Horizonte to
* MG-010 is a state highway that connects the capital to the
Tancredo Neves International Airport, itself located in the municipalities of Confins and Lagoa Santa, which are part of the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte. Starting in 2005, several flights were transferred from the Pampulha Regional Airportto the international airport. To improve access to the international airport, MG-010 is being expanded (effectively duplicating its lanes). [cite book|url=http://www.linhaverde.mg.gov.br/|title=Linha Verde|publisher=Governo do Estado de Minas Gerais|location=Belo Horizonte, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-01-30|year=2007|language=Portuguese]
The city is also served by other minor roads such as state highways MG-020, MG-050, MG-030, and MG-433. There is also an East-West Express Way, which goes from the city to the nearby industrial centers of
Contagemand Betim(together having a population of ca. 900,000), and Anel Rodoviário, a kind of "beltway" - indeed it is not circumferential, but connects many highways, such as the federal (BR-ones) so it is not necessary for a large number of cars and trucks to pass through the city center. Many of these roads are in poor condition, but in the last years many revitalization and rebuilding projects have been started.
*Nova Lima: 22 km (13.6 mi)
*São Sebastião das Águas Claras: 23 km (14.2 mi);
*Sabará: 25 km (15.5 mi);
*Santa Luzia: 26 km (16.1 mi);
*Contagem: 27 km (16.7 mi);
*Ravena: 30 km (18.6 mi);
*Betim: 31 km (19.2 mi);
*Rio Acima: 34 km (21.1 mi);
*Caeté: 46 km (28.5 mi);
*Juatuba: 49 km (30.4 mi);
*Esmeraldas: 50 km (31 mi);
*Brumadinho: 58 km (36 mi);
*Moeda: 60 km (37.2 mi);
*Florestal: 63 km (39.1 mi);
*Sete Lagoas: 76 km (47 mi).
bussystem has a large number of bus lines going through all parts in the city, and is administrated by "BHTRANS". Among the upcoming projects are the expansion of the integration between buslines and the metro.
Belo Horizonte Metrooriginated at the end of 1970s, and is one of the oldest urban railways in the country. There is still just one line, with 19 stations, from Vilarinho to Eldorado Station, in Contagem, but it is now insufficient to address the commuting needs of the entire city. Two new lines, from Santa Tereza to Barreiro (a part of this line, from Carlos Prates to Barreiro, is being built), and from Pampulhato Savassi, are being planned. There is also a project for the expansion for the first line, from Vilarinho to Ribeirão das Nevesand from Eldorado to Betim.
Tourism and recreation
Belo Horizonte has plenty of significant cultural landmarks, many of them situated in the
Pampulhadistrict, where there are very wonderful examples of Brazilian contemporary architecture. These include one of the largest soccer stadiums in the world, the Mineirãostadium, and the São Francisco de Assis Church, widely known as Igreja da Pampulha, designed by famous Brazilian Modernist architect Oscar Niemeyer. In Pampulha there is also the Universidade Federal de Minas Geraiscampus, whose buildings themselves are important contributions to the city's architecture. Other remarkable Pampulha buildings include the Mesbla and Niemeyer buildings, in addition to the headquarters of corporations such as Usiminas, Seculus, and Telemig Celular.In downtownBelo Horizonte, are located the neo-Gothic Boa Viagem Cathedral, the church of São José, the Praça da Estação (Station Square), which is an old trainstation that now is also the Museum of Arts and Workmanship, the Municipal Park, the famous Sete de Setembro Square, where an Obeliskbuilt in 1922 marks the one hundred years of Brazilian independencefrom Portugal.
Near downtown, in Lourdes neighborhood, locates the Lourdes Basilica, a beautiful building in the Gothic style and the Nossa Senhora de Fátima Church, in Santo Agostinho neighborhood, situated in
Carlos Chagas Square, both referred to as the Assembléia Church and the Assembléia Square due to their proximity to the state's legislative assembly.
downtownis the famous Savassi region, known for fine restaurants and as a center of cultural events as well as the best of the city's nightlife. Many landmarks are located there, such as the Praça da Liberdade (Liberty Plaza), and its surrounding buildings, including the Executive Offices of the governorcalled the Palace of Liberty (Palácio da Liberdade), the first buildingto be finished during the city's planned development in the late 1890s. Last but not least is the "Rua do Amendoim" (Peanut Street), an example of a gravity hill, where parked automobiles appear to roll uphill, defying gravity. Whether this is an illusion or a magnetic phenomenon is left to the visitor to decide. Though most of the effect seems to have disappeared due to housing development in the area, many people still believe that the streetis magic.
landmarkis Praça do Papa (Plaza of the Pope), located at a high point just south of the downtownarea, with its spectacular view of the entire city. It is named for the July 1, 1980 visit by John Paul II, who held a youth mass there. Afterwards, he stood and remarked over the sea of youthful faces, "Que Belo Horizonte!" or "What a beautiful horizon!" The nearby Parque das Mangabeiras (Mangabeiras Park) boasts extensive wildlife, with an area so huge it has its own internal bus service. It is not uncommon for tourists to see monkeys and other animals, and a few peoplehave even managed to get lost inside its woods.
As in the rest of Brazil, football is the most popular sport among locals. Belo Horizonte has two of the most successful teams in the country, and the city also has one of the biggest football stadiums in the world, the
Mineirão, opened in 1965. The older Independência Stadiumhosted a legendary victory of the United States World Cup Team 1950 in a 1-0 triumph over England. See England v United States (1950)and [cite book|url=http://www.soccerhall.org/Monthly%20Column/MC.May.2005.htm|title=Soccerhall|publisher=Soccerhall|location=Belo Horizonte, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese] Atlético Mineiro, which is also called by its nickname and mascot "Galo" ( rooster) . Yet, one of the oldest football clubs in the city and was founded in 1908. Atlético Mineirowas the first Brazilian champion, in 1971, and has also won two CONMEBOL Cups (nowadays called Copa Sudamericana) and 39 State Championships. In spite of so much tradition, the team has suffered through very difficult times recently and was relegated to the Brazilian Série B. However, the club won the championship in 2006 and is back to Série A in 2007.
Cruzeiro was founded in 1921 by the members of the local Italian community. Cruzeiro has been one of Brazil´s most victorius clubs in the 1990s and early 2000s, winning 4 National Cups, 1 National League, 2
Copa Libertadores, and 2 Supercopa Libertadores, and is also the winner of Taça Brasilin 1966 and 34 State Championships including "Supercampeonato Mineiro" in 2002. The city is also home to América Mineiro, which has its own playing field, the Independência Stadium. It was a major team in Brazil decades ago, but passed three years striving to leave Brazilian League Série C. Things came worse at the beginning of 2007. The team was relegated to the Módulo II of Campeonato Mineiro and didn't even qualify for playing the Série C, being completely out of Campeonato Brasileiro.
Besides football, Belo Horizonte has one of the largest attendances at
volleyballmatches in the whole country. Crowds usually go to Mineirinhoin order to watch either the Brazil national volleyball teamor Minas Tênis Clube matches. Minas Tênis Clube is a sport association with various modalities. Besides Mineirinho, the clubs also plays on its own ground, the modern Telemig Celular Arena. Both its male and female volleyball teams have already won the Brazilian Superleague of Volleyball titles. Belo Horizonte is one of the proposed cities to host games in the 2014 FIFA World Cup, which will be held in Brazil.
Belo Horizonte's sister cities are:cite web |url=http://www.pbh.gov.br/bh-internacional/bhz-acordos_irmas.htm |title=Mayor's International Council Sister Cities Program |publisher=Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais|accessdate = 2008-08-18]
Tancredo Neves International Airport
Clube da Esquina
*List of municipalities in Minas Gerais
* [http://portal2.pbh.gov.br/pbh/index.html Official homepage]
* [http://www.estaminas.com.br/ Estado de Minas Gerais Newspaper]
* [http://www.pucminas.br PUC-MG] - the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais
* [http://www.ufmg.br UFMG] - Federal University of Minas Gerais
* [http://www.eabh.com.br/eng/home.html Escola Americana de Belo Horizonte] - (American School of Belo Horizonte)
*it [http://www.fundacaotorino.com.br Escola Internacional Fundação Torino] (School of Torino International Foundation)
* [http://belohorizonte.nafoto.net/ Images of Belo Horizonte]
* [http://www.what-they-say.com/Belo-Horizonte-1.html Information about Belo Horizonte]
* [http://www.belotur.com.br/por/index.php Maplink - Belo Horizonte Street Guide and Maps]
* [http://www.webbusca.com.br/pagam/guia_belo_horizonte.htm Belo Horizonte Yellow Pages]
* [http://www.idasbrasil.com.br/idasbrasil/cidades/BeloHorizonte/port/cultura.asp Culture in Belo Horizonte]
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Belo Horizonte — Belo Horizonte … Wikipédia en Français
BELO HORIZONTE — Ville du Brésil, capitale de l’État de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte fut créée au début du XXe siècle. Peuplée seulement de 13 972 habitants en 1900, la ville abritait une population estimée à 2 049 000 habitants en 1991 (3 460 000 hab. pour… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Belo Horizonte — (Almádena,Португалия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Cerro dos Vales, Almadena, 8600 102 Al … Каталог отелей
Belo Horizonte — es la capital del estado brasileño de Minas Gerais desde el año 1897, substituyendo a la colonial ciudad de Ouro Preto. Fue planeada por el ingeniero Araão Reis entre los años 1894 y 1897, y fue la primera ciudad moderna brasileña planeada.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Belo Horizonte — [bɛlori zonti], Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Minas Gerais, Brasilien, 820 1 000 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 2,09 Mio. Einwohner; die Stadt liegt in einem wichtigen Agrargebiet sowie im Bereich des »Eisernen Vierecks«, einer der größten… … Universal-Lexikon
Belo Horizonte — [bā′lō hôr΄ə zän′tē; ] Port [ be΄lō̂ rē zō̂n′te] city in SE Brazil: capital of Minas Gerais state: pop. 2,049,000 … English World dictionary
Belo Horizonte — /be loo aw rddi zawonn ti/ a city in SE Brazil. 1,814,990. Also, Bello Horizonte. * * * City (pop., 200 prelim.: city, 2,229,697; metro. area, 4,208,508), eastern Brazil. Capital of Minas Gerais state, it lies on the western slope of the Serra do … Universalium