Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena


Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena

Infobox_President
name=Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena
nationality=Brazilian


term_start=November 15, 1906
term_end=June 14, 1909
predecessor=Rodrigues Alves
successor=Nilo Peçanha
birth_date=birth date|1847|11|30|mf=y
birth_place=Santa Bárbara, Minas Gerais
death_date=death date and age|1909|6|14|1847|11|30|mf=y
death_place=Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
spouse=
party=Mineiro Republican Party (PRM)
order=6th President of Brazil
vicepresident=Nilo Peçanha

Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena (Santa Bárbara, November 30, 1847 – Rio de Janeiro, June 14, 1909) was a Brazilian politician, president between 1906 and 1909. Before his political career, Pena was a lawyer, jurist and member of the Brazilian Supreme Court.

He began his political career in 1874 with an election to the Imperial General Assembly. In the succeeding years, Pena reconciled legislative work with some periods occupying secretariats — secretary of Agriculture (1882), Commerce and Public Issues (1883) and Justice (1885). Pena then presided over the provincial assembly of Minas Gerais.

After the proclamation of the Republic, he was governor of Minas Gerais between 1892 and 1894. It was during his administration that Belo Horizonte was set for future state capital (which at that time was Ouro Preto).

In 1902 Pena became vice-president to Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves. He was elected president in 1906 and served until his death in 1909, a few days after the passing of his son Álvaro Pena.

Afonso Pena was the first Brazilian president to advocate intervening in the coffee economy. The federal government started to buy production surplus, thus maintaining the high price of coffee in international markets. Pena also promoted the expansion of railroads.

The reorganization of the Brazilian army was done by Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca during the Pena administration. The president also supported Cândido Rondon's expeditions in the Amazon Rainforest.


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