Clube de Regatas do Flamengo


Clube de Regatas do Flamengo
Flamengo
Flamengo logo.svg
Full name Clube de Regatas do Flamengo
Nickname(s) Urubu (Vulture)
Mengão (Big Mengo)
Rubro-Negro (The Scarlet-Black)
O mais querido do Brasil (Brazil's most loved one)
Founded November 15, 1895 (1895-11-15) (116 years ago)
Stadium Engenhão, Rio de Janeiro
(Capacity: 46,931)
President Patrícia Amorim
Manager Vanderlei Luxemburgo
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
2010 14th
Website Club home page
Home colors
Away colors
Third colors
Current season

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (from Dutch[1] vlamingen: flemish people, English: Flamengo Regatta Club),[2][3][4][5][6] also known as Flamengo and familiarly as Mengão,[7] is a Brazilian sports club based in the Flamengo bairro, Zona Sul, Rio de Janeiro, best known for its professional football team.[8] They play in the Campeonato Carioca,[9] Rio de Janeiro's state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A or Brasileirão,[10] Brazil's national league, and are one of the only five clubs to have never been relegated, along with Santos, São Paulo, Internacional and Cruzeiro.[11] Flamengo was a founding member of the Clube dos 13 (English: Club of the 13) group of Brazil's leading football clubs.[12][13] They are the current Carioca champions.[14]

The club was established in 1885, although it played its first official game in 1912. Flamengo have won the Brasileirão on six occasions, most recently in the 2009 season, the Copa do Brasil twice and the Campeonato Carioca a record 32 times. Due to its low capacity, Flamengo's home stadium, Gávea, is rarely used and the club ops for the government owned Maracanã, the biggest football stadium in Brazil, with a capacity of 82,238. Since the Maracanã is now going through a renovation to host the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics, the Engenhão is currently being used to host Flamengo matches.

Its traditional playing colours are scarlet and black hooped shirts with white shorts and red socks. In 1981, Flamengo became the first Carioca team to win the Copa Libertadores,[15][16][17] the most prestigious laurel in South American football.[18][19]: the team, subsequently known as the Geração de Ouro, defeated Cobreloa 2-0 in the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo to reach the pinnacle of their careers. That same year, Flamengo won the 1981 state title, completing the club's first ever double. The club has also won the Copa dos Campeões, Intercontinental Cup, Copa Ouro and Copa Mercosur once each. Flamengo also reached the final of the Supercopa Sudamericana in 1993 and 1995, but were beaten by São Paulo and Independiente, respectively.

Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil, with over 36 million followers as of 2010,[20][21] and was voted by FIFA as one of the most successful football club of the 20th century. It is also one of Brazil's richest football clubs in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of $75.5m (€52.6m), and the most valuable club in South America, worth over $357.2m (€248.7m) in 2011.[22] The club has long-standing rivalries with near neighbours Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama.

Contents

History

Foundation and first years (1885-1912)

Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895 (although the club celebrates its founding every year on November 15, which is also a Brazilian national holiday) as a rowing club by José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha, Mário Spindola, Nestor de Barros, Augusto Lopes, José Félix da Cunha Meneses and Felisberto Laport.

The group used to gather at Café Lamas, in the Flamengo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, and decided to form a rowing team. Rowing was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century and the youngsters hoped having their own club would make them popular with the young ladies of the city's high society.

Flamengo's Rowing Shield

They could only afford a used boat named "Pherusa", which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895 when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach, heading off to Flamengo beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal ("Loyal"). Afterwards, as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra".

On the night of November 17, the group, gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach, founded the Flamengo Rowing Group ("Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo", in Portuguese) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" ("Flamengo Rowing Club"). The founders also decided that the anniversary of the club foundation should be celebrated on November 15, so as to coincide with the Day of the Republic, a national holiday.

Flamengo only embraced football when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense Football Club broke away from the club following a dispute with the board. The players (Alberto Borghert, Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) decided to join Flamengo because Borgeth, who was the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.

The new team used to train on Russel beach, and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice games. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912 and is, to this day, the most spectacular victory of the club, as the team defeated Mangueira 16 to 2. The first Fla-Flu (which would eventually become one of the most famous football derbies in the world) was also played in that year, on July 7, and was won by Fluminense, by 3–2.

Golden age (1978–1983)

In 1978 a scarlet-black Golden Age began when Flamengo won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The five following years would be years of glory. Stars such as Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become State Champions three times in a row. The level of sustained excellence pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. Then, as national champions, the club qualified to play the South American continental tournament – the Libertadores Cup.

1981 is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history. After beating Chilean Cobreloa in three matches, the club became South American Champions. The next goal was clear: the Intercontinental Cup, a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium, Japan, against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool FC.

On December 13, 1981, Raul, Leandro, Marinho, Mozer, Júnior, Andrade, Adílio, Zico, Tita, Nunes and Lico took the field for the most important match in club history. Two goals by Nunes and another one by Adílio (all during first half) along with a brilliant performance by Zico were more than enough to crown Flamengo the first Brazilian World Champions club since Pelé's Santos FC, shutting out Liverpool 3–0.

The next two years would also be great. Another Rio's State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed the Golden Age in a fantastic way.

2007 season

On March 9, 2007, Flamengo earned a commemorative date in Rio de Janeiro state's official calendar. On that day, State Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho signed Law 4998, declaring November 17 (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".

In the 2007 Brazilian Football Championship, Flamengo surprised all the other teams at the half of the season winning many games at home, leaving the relegation zone and reaching the second place and then being defeated the last match in Recife, Pernambuco by Náutico 1–0. After this match, Flamengo finished the League in third place, climbing from second worst to third best.[citation needed]

2008 season

Flamengo started the year by winning the Rio de Janeiro State Championship over arch rival Botafogo. However a couple of days later, in the late rounds of Libertadores Cup, the team was eliminated at home by Club América from Mexico. In this very day, Joel Santana, a well appreciated coach by Flamengo fans, coached his last match before taking South Africa National Football Team. Experts say that the team was eliminated because the finals against Botafogo took a heavy toll on the players stamina and endurance for the matchup against América. The 0–3 score was the biggest headline in the soccer world in the following day as Flamengo had won easily 4–2 in Azteca Stadium. The elimination at Maracanã was labeled by the world press as a second "Maracanazo".[citation needed]

2009 season

After finishing the 1st phase of the Brazilian League in 10th place, Flamengo won the Brazilian Série A with a terrific campaign in the 2nd phase, the championship was decided in the very last game with a 2–1 win against Grêmio at Maracanã Stadium, with this victory the Flamengo became six times Brazilian League Champion.[23]

2011 season

After signing their new big star, Ronaldinho, Flamengo were looking for a strong start to their season. The fans were not to be disappointed when Flamengo ran out 4–0 winners of Avaí, with Ronaldinho putting in a man of the match performance contributing a goal and an assist. Flamengo played against Santos FC in the twelfth round and won 5-4 with a hat-trick from Ronaldinho after they were down 3-0 at the end of the first half.

Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors

List of Flamengo's sponsors and kit manufacturers.[24][25][26][27][28][29]

Period Kit Manufacturer Main Sponsor Secondary Sponsor
1980–84 Adidas none none
1984–92 Petrobras
1993–00 Umbro
2000–09 Nike
2009 Olympikus Olympikus Bozzano
Ale
2010–2011 Batavo Banco BMG
2011– Procter & Gamble

Players

Current squad

As of October 2011, according to combined sources on the official website.[30]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Felipe (on loan from Olé Brasil)
2 Brazil DF Leonardo Moura (vice-captain)
3 Brazil DF Welinton
4 Brazil DF Ronaldo Angelim
5 Chile MF Claudio Maldonado
6 Brazil DF Júnior César
7 Brazil MF Thiago Neves (on loan from Al-Hilal FC)
8 Brazil MF Willians
9 Brazil FW Deivid
10 Brazil MF Ronaldinho (captain)
11 Brazil MF Renato
14 Brazil DF David Braz
15 Brazil FW Diego Maurício
16 Chile MF Gonzalo Fierro
No. Position Player
17 Brazil MF Fernando
18 Argentina MF Darío Bottinelli
19 Brazil FW Guilherme Negueba
20 Brazil MF Vander (on loan from Bahia)
21 Brazil DF Rodrigo Alvim
22 Brazil DF Rafael Galhardo
26 Brazil FW Jael (on loan from Portuguesa)
27 Brazil GK Paulo Victor
28 Brazil GK Vinícius
31 Brazil DF Luiz Philipe Muralha
37 Brazil DF Gustavo
38 Brazil MF Luiz Antônio
44 Brazil DF Alex Silva
55 Brazil MF Airton (on loan from S.L. Benfica)

Youth players able to play in the first team

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
23 Brazil MF João Vitor
25 Brazil FW Thomas
29 Brazil FW Rafinha
30 Brazil MF Adryan
32 Brazil FW Romário
34 Brazil DF Digão
35 Brazil GK César
No. Position Player
36 Brazil DF Marllon
39 Brazil MF Lorran
40 Brazil FW Yguinho
45 Brazil DF Frauches
46 Brazil DF João Felipe
Brazil MF Kaká (on loan from Tiradentes)

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Marcelo Lomba (loan to Bahia)
Brazil GK Marcelo Carné (loan to Duque de Caxias)
Brazil DF Marlon (loan to Náutico)
Brazil DF Everton Silva (loan to Duque de Caxias)
Brazil DF Egídio (loan to Ceará)
Brazil MF Kléberson (loan to Atlético Paranaense)
Brazil MF Rômulo (loan to ABC)
Brazil MF Antônio (loan to Duque de Caxias)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Lenon (loan to Náutico)
Brazil MF Vinícius Pacheco (loan to Red Star Belgrade)
Brazil MF Erick Flores (loan to Duque de Caxias)
Brazil MF Guilherme Camacho (loan to Bahia)
Brazil FW Fabiano Oliveira (loan to Boluspor)
Brazil FW Bruno Mezenga (loan to Red Star Belgrade)
Brazil FW Paulo Sérgio (loan to Náutico)

For recent transfers, see List of Flamengo transfers 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011.

For recent transfers, see List of Brazilian football transfers 2008.

Honors

Domestic

Winners (6): 1980, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1992, 2009
Winners (2): 1990, 2006
Runners-up (3): 1997, 2003, 2004
Winners (1): 2001
Runners-up (1): 1964
Winners (32): 1914, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979 (C), 1979 (S), 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011
Runners-up (30): 1912, 1919, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1932, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1952, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2010
Winners (1): 1961
Runners-up (2): 1958, 1997

South American

Winners (1): 1981
Runners-up (2): 1993, 1995
Winners (1): 1999
Runners-up (1): 2001
Winners (1): 1996

Worldwide

Winners (1): 1981

Retired numbers

12Brazil Club Supporters (the 12th Man) – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans.

Records

For details, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo records and statistics.

Personnel

Current technical staff

See also List of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo managers
Vanderlei Luxemburgo, the current manager of CR Flamengo
Position Name Position Name
Coach Vanderlei Luxemburgo Medical staff manager José Luiz Runco
Assistant Coach Antonio Lopes Junior Physiotherapists Fabiano Bastos
Goalkeeping Coach Cantarele Mário Peixoto
Fitness coaches Antonio Mello Physiologist Claudio Pavanelli
Marcelo Martorelli Dietitian Leonardo Acro
Doctors Marcelo Soares Psychologist Paulo Ribeiro
Marcio Tannure Masseurs Adenir Silva
Serafim Borges Esmar Russo
Luiz Claudio Baldi Jorginho
Patrícia Amorim, the current president of CR Flamengo

Last updated: 14 July 2011
Source: CR Flamengo

Management

Office Name
President Patrícia Amorim
Vice president
Administrative director
Marketing, Advertising and Communication director
Heritage director
Legal director
Sports director

Last updated: 14 July 2011
Source: CR Flamengo

Presidents

Name Tenure
Brazil Domingos Marques de Azevedo 1895–97
Brazil Augusto Lopes da Silveira 1898
Brazil Júlio Gonçalves de A. Furtado 1899
Brazil Antonio Ferreira Vianna Filho (resigned)
Brazil Jacintho Pinto de L. Júnior
1900
Brazil Fidelcino da Silva Leitão 1901
Brazil Virgílio Leite de Oliveira e Silva 1902, 1907-11, 1913 (resigned), 1915 (resigned)
Brazil Arthur John Lawrence Gibbons 1903
Brazil Mario Espínola (resigned) 1904
Brazil José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha
Brazil Manuel Alves de Cruz Rios
1905
Brazil Francis Hamilton Wálter 1906
Brazil Edmundo de Azurém Furtado 1912, 1914, 1915
Brazil José Pimenta de Melo Filho 1913
Brazil Raul Ferreira Serpa 1916
Brazil Carlos Leclerc Castelo Branco 1917
Brazil Alberto Burle Figueiredo 1918-20, 1922
Brazil Faustino Esposel 1921, 1924-27 (resigned)
Brazil Júlio Benedito Otoni (resigned) 1923-24
Brazil Alberto Borgerth
Brazil Nillor Rollin Pinheiro
1927
Brazil Osvaldo dos Santos Jacinto (resigned) 1928-29
Brazil Carlos Eduardo Façanha Mamede 1929, 1931 (resigned)
Brazil Alfredo Dolabella Portela (resigned)
Brazil Manuel Joaquim de Almeida (resigned)
1930
Brazil Rubens de Campos Farrula
Brazil José de Oliveira Santos
1931
Brazil Arthur Lobo da Silva 1932
Brazil José de Oliveira Santos
Brazil Pascoal Segreto Sobrinho (resigned)
1933
Brazil José Bastos Padilha (resigned) 1933-38
Brazil Raul Dias Gonçalves 1938
Brazil Gustavo Adolfo de Carvalho 1939-42
Brazil Dario de Melo Pinto 1943-44, 1949-50
Brazil Marino Machado de Oliveira (resigned) 1945-46
Brazil Hilton Gonçalves dos Santos 1946, 1958-59
Brazil Orsini de Araujo Coriolano 1947-48
Brazil Gilberto Ferreira Cardoso 1951-55 (deceased)
Brazil Antenor Coelho (temporary) 1955
Brazil José Alves Morais 1956-57
Brazil George da Silva Fernandes (resigned) 1960
Brazil Oswaldo Gudolle Aranha 1961
Brazil Fadel Fadel 1962-65
Brazil Luiz Roberto Veiga Brito 1966-68, 1971
Brazil André Gustavo Richer 1969-70, 1972-73
Brazil Hélio Maurício Rodrigues 1974-76
Brazil Márcio Braga 1977-80, 1987-88, 1991-92, 2004-06, 2007-09
Brazil Antônio Augusto Dunshee de Abranches (resigned) 1981-83
Brazil Eduardo Fernando de M. Motta 1983
Brazil George Helal 1984-86
Brazil Gilberto Cardoso Filho 1989-90, 2002 (temporary)
Brazil Luiz Augusto Veloso 1993-94
Brazil Kléber Leite 1995-98
Brazil Edmundo dos Santos Silva 1999-2000, 2001–02 (impeached)
Brazil Helio Paulo Ferraz 2002-2003
Brazil Delair Dumbrosck (temporary) 2009
Brazil Patrícia Amorim 2010-


Stadia

Estádio da Gávea

Flamengo's home stadium is nominally the José Bastos Padilha Stadium (also known as Gávea Stadium), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938 and has a capacity of 8,000 fans. Lately Gávea Stadium has been used only as the first team's training ground. Most games, however, are played in Maracanã Stadium, considered by the supporters as the real Flamengo's home ground.[42]

Maracanã

Inside view of Maracanã

Maracanã was vital in the incredible 2007 Brazilian Série A Flamengo comeback, winning almost all the matches played in the Stadium, helping the club rise from the relegation zone to finish in third place securing a place in the Copa Libertadores 2008. The Stadium held the 2007 Brazilian Série A attandence's records, with 87.895 fans against Atlético Paranaense and average attandence of 44.719 fans per match, which was ahead of any of the teams in the Brazilian Série A.

In 2008, once again, Flamengo was the leader of Brazilian Série A average attendance with 43.731 fans per match.[43] The club also had the biggest attendance of the season with 81.317 fans in the 0–3 loss to Atlético Mineiro on October 11, 2008.[44]

Average attendances per season

Average attendances at Maracanã including friendly matches and other competitions.[45][46]

Supporters celebrating a goal
Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att.
1961 * 1971 35.130 1981 45.145 1991 35.541 2001 *
1962 46.427 1972 46.408 1982 57.156 1992 53.958 2002 *
1963 54.475 1973 42.269 1983 44.046 1993 19.198 2003 *
1964 49.854 1974 37.931 1984 37.956 1994 28.290 2004 9.7071
1965 47.572 1975 40.758 1985 34.657 1995 42.335 2005 13.6572
1966 37.894 1976 54.015 1986 42.689 1996 42.153 2006 15.711
1967 33.931 1977 45.584 1987 44.715 1997 26.465 2007 42.015
1968 54.676 1978 38.226 1988 28.547 1998 18.127 2008 43.736
1969 61.157 1979 54.606 1989 28.898 1999 37.141 2009 40.0744
1970 47.980 1980 54.268 1990 33.617 2000 29.329 2010 18.94534

(*) Information not available.

Average attendances at Brazilian League

Regularly thousands of supporters show the strength of the scarlet-black nation, having the biggest number of highest average attendances per season between all the Brazilian clubs. Out of 38 editions of the Brasileirão, Flamengo held the average attendance record on 12 occasions. Atlético Mineiro are the closest followers, having the biggest average attendances nine times. From 1971 to 2006, Flamengo took an average 25.989 supporters per match to the Maracanã. It has to be noted that 2007 and 2008, both years in which Flamengo had an average of over 40.000 supporters per match (and thus both would raise the historical average number), were not counted yet.

Olympic sports

Besides Rowing and Football, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo also plays an active role in several Olympic sports, such as:

  • Artistic gymnastics
  • Athletics
  • Basketball (See Flamengo Basketball)
  • Judo
  • Swimming
  • Volleyball
  • Water polo

Achievements

  • ROWING
    • International
      • Taça Sul-América (South-America Thophy) 1905
    • National
      • Troféu Brasil (Brazil's National Championship) (10): 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1995–97
    • Regional
      • State Championship (42): 1916, 1917, 1920, 1933, 1940–43, 1963, 1965–69, 1971–81, 1983–97, 2003–04
      • Carioca League: 1935–37
  • SWIMMING
    • National
      • Brazilian Championship (12): 1968, 1980–87, 1989, 1991, 2002
      • José Finkel Trophy (12): 1977, 1980–87, 1990, 2001, 2002
    • Regional
      • State Championship (31): 1928, 1930, 1938–40, 1968, 1973, 1976, 1979–98, 2002–04
  • VOLLEYBALL (MEN)
    • National
      • Brazilian Championship: 2003
      • Troféu dos Campeões Brasileiros (Brazilian Champion's Trophy) 1952
    • Regional
      • Copa Sudeste (Southeast Cup) 1993
      • Inter-Regional Championship 1995
      • State Championship (17): 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1959–61, 1977, 1987–89, 1991–96, 2005
      • State Championship (B Series): 1940, 1953
      • Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1953, 1956, 1959–61
    • Local
      • Municipal Championship: 1992, 1993, 1996
  • VOLLEYBALL (WOMEN)
    • International
      • South American Championship: 1981
    • National
      • National Championship (8): 1948–52, 1978, 1980, 2001
      • Rio de Janeiro Tournament 1950
    • Regional
      • State Championship (11): 1938, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1999, 2000
      • Torneio Início (Inicio Tournament) 1961
      • State Championship – B Series 1953
      • Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1952, 1956–57, 1960
    • Local
      • Municipal Championship: 1996

Noted athletes

 

Noted coaches

  • Volleyball (women)
    • Isabel Salgado
  • Rowing
    • Guilherme Augusto Silva "Buck"

Supporters

Usually, in Brazil, each team has their own torcidas organizadas (like Europeans Ultras). Flamengo, like any other Brazilian team has groups of organized supporters, most notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Charanga Rubro-Negra,Urubuzada, Flamanguaça and Raça Rubro-Negra.

Flamengo is known for being the most popular team in Brazil. Surveys show that there are over 35 million people supporting Flamengo all around Brazil. Because of that Flamengo supporters are known as "Nação Rubro Negra", meaning Red & Dark Nation, since there are more supporters than the population of many countries. Flamengo supporters are also known for their fanaticism about the club and they hold several records in the Brazilian league like having the best average attendance (12 times, the second one is Atlético Mineiro with 9), or the match with the greatest numbers of attendants between two football clubs. Flamengo played against Santos in the Maracanã stadium watched by 155,523 supporters in the Brazilian League final of 1984, however some say that the official numbers are wrong and that there were more than 160,000 people in Maracanã. Flamengo's match with the greatest number of attendants was Flamengo x Fluminense in Carioca Championship of 1963, with 194603 spectators. There are 13 times in which Flamengo has took more than 150,000 people in the stadium in official matches. Flamengo supporters were listed as heritage of the people by the Mayor Office of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2007.

See also

References

  1. ^ The name "Flamengo" is a literal license in Dutch language of the dutch substantive vlamingen (flemish people in English language).
  2. ^ "Clube: Portuguese-English IPA dictionary". PONS. http://en.pons.eu/dict/search/results/?q=clube&in=pt&kbd=pt&l=enpt. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "De: Portuguese-English IPA dictionary". PONS. http://en.pons.eu/dict/search/results/?q=de&in=&kbd=pt&l=enpt. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "Regata: Portuguese-English IPA dictionary". PONS. http://en.pons.eu/dict/search/results/?q=regata&in=pt&kbd=pt&l=enpt. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "Do: Portuguese-English IPA dictionary". PONS. http://en.pons.eu/dict/search/results/?q=do&in=&kbd=pt&l=enpt. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "Flamengo: Portuguese-English IPA dictionary". PONS. http://en.pons.eu/dict/search/results/?q=flamengo&in=pt&kbd=pt&l=enpt. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  7. ^ Pronounced Portuguese pronunciation: [mẽjˈgɜ̃w].
  8. ^ "Clubes do Rio - Série A" (in Portuguese). Federação de Futebol do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. http://www.fferj.com.br/Sitenovo/comunicados/crflamengoA.pdf. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "REGULAMENTO DO CAMPEONATO ESTADUAL DA SÉRIE A DE PROFISSIONAIS DO RIO DE JANEIRO – BIÊNIO 2011-2012" (in Portuguese). Federação de Futebol do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. http://www.fferj.com.br/Sitenovo/2008/Campeonatos2011/Carioca/Regulamentocarioca.asp. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  10. ^ "Campeonato Brasileiro Série A" (in Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Futebol. http://www.cbf.com.br/competicoes/campeonato-brasileiro/serie-a/2011. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  11. ^ "Brazilian Championship Participations". RSSSF. http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/miscellaneous/brparticpnt.htm. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  12. ^ Trivela. "Crise, revolução e traição". http://www.trivela.com/Conteudo.aspx?secao=45&id=16544. 
  13. ^ Mauro Beting. "Copa União 1987 e Clube dos 13 – A Linha do Tempo e do Dinheiro". http://blogs.lancenet.com.br/maurobeting/2011/02/25/copa-uniao-1987-e-clube-dos-13-a-linha-do-tempo-e-do-dinheiro/. 
  14. ^ "Rio de Janeiro 2011". RSSSF. http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesrz/rj2011.htm. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  15. ^ "Copa Libertadores da América 1981" (in portuguese). http://www.flamengo.com.br/flapedia/Copa_Libertadores_da_América_1981. 
  16. ^ "Copa Libertadores da América 1981" (in portuguese). http://www.flaestatistica.com/libertadores1981.htm. 
  17. ^ "A Libertadores de 1981" (in portuguese). http://www.flamengo.com.br/site/conteudo/detalhe/12. 
  18. ^ "Copa Libertadores tendrá nuevo patrocinador desde 2008 [The Copa Libertadores will have a new sponsor as of 2008]" (in Spanish). CopaLibertadores.com. September 28, 2007. http://www.copalibertadores.com/2007/09/28/copa-libertadores-tendra-nuevo-patrocinador-desde-2008/. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Competiciones, Copa Santander Libertadores" (in Spanish). CONMEBOL. May 18, 2010. http://conmebol.com/conmebol/competitionsConf.html?secId=5. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Pesquisa IBOPE" (in português). http://esporte.uol.com.br/futebol/ultimas/2004/10/04/ult59u87819.jhtm. 
  21. ^ "Pesquisa Datafolha". http://globoesporte.globo.com/ESP/Noticia/Futebol/0,,MUL260098-4274,00-RANKING+DAS+TORCIDAS+FLA+SEGUE+NO+TOPO.html. 
  22. ^ Clubes mais ricos do Brasil 2011
  23. ^ "Na cabeça de Angelim, Flamengo encontrao alívio e conquista o hexa" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. December 6, 2009. http://globoesporte.globo.com/Esportes/Noticias/Futebol/Brasileirao/Serie_A/0,,MUL1405238-9827,00.html. Retrieved December 7, 2009. 
  24. ^ Flamengo's uniforms since 1980 (Portuguese)
  25. ^ Flamengo/Olympikus Hotsite (Portuguese)
  26. ^ Batavo é a nova patrocinadora do Flamengo (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  27. ^ Patrocínio é aprovado, e uniforme do Fla já estampará nova marca na quarta-feira (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com. January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  28. ^ Conselho aprova Banco BMG como novo patrocinador do Flamengo (in Portuguese). Flamengo.com.br. February 12, 2010. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
  29. ^ Executiva diz que Fla deve agradecer a Ronaldo por novo patrocínio (in Portuguese). Globoesporte.com.br. August 12, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
  30. ^ Flamengo official website (Portuguese)
  31. ^ Includes results from the Taça Brasil and the Robertão.
  32. ^ Hemzo, Miguel Angel (14 June 2007). "Brazil Cup History". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesae/brcuphst.htm. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  33. ^ "Brazil - List of Champions". RSSSF. http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesae/brcamp.htm. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  34. ^ do Brasil since 1989 "Copa do Brasil since 1989". RSSSF. http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesae/cbrcamp.htm#Copa do Brasil since 1989. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  35. ^ "Rio de Janeiro State - List of Champions". RSSSF. http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesrz/rjcamp.htm. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  36. ^ "Torneio Rio-São Paulo -- List of Champions". RSSSF. http://www.rsssfbrasil.com/tablesrz/rjspcamp.htm. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  37. ^ "Copa Libertadores de América". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/sacups/copalib.html. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  38. ^ "Supercopa Libertadores (Supercopa João Havelange)". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/sacups/sasup.html. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  39. ^ "Copa Mercosur". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/sacups/mercosur.html. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  40. ^ "Copa de Oro 1996". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/sacups/oro96.html. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  41. ^ "Intercontinental Club Cup". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/tablest/toyota.html. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  42. ^ Estádio da Gávea (in Portuguese). Flapédia.
  43. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro 2008 @Flapédia (Portuguese)
  44. ^ Jogos do Flamengo em 2008 @Flapédia (Portuguese)
  45. ^ Médias de Público do Flamengo no Maracanã ano a ano@Flapédia (Portuguese)
  46. ^ Jogos do Flamengo em 2009 (Portuguese)

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