- Tyrrhenian Sea
The Tyrrhenian Sea (Corsican: Mari Tirrenu, French: Mer Tyrrhénienne, Italian: Mare Tirreno, Neapolitan: Mar Tirreno, Sardinian: Mare Tirrenu, Sicilian: Mari Tirrenu, Latin: Mare Tyrrhenum) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.
The maximum depth of the sea is 3,785 metres (12,418 ft).
The Tyrrhenian Sea is situated near where the African and European Plates meet; therefore mountain chains and active volcanoes such as Mount Marsili are found in its depths. The eight Aeolian Islands are located in the southern part of the sea, north of Sicily.
- In the Strait of Messina: A line joining the North extreme of Cape Paci (15°42'E) with the East extreme of the Island of Sicily, Cape Peloro (38°16'N).
- On the Southwest: A line running from Cape Lilibeo (West extreme of Sicily) to the South extreme of Cape Teulada (8°38'E) in Sardinia.
- In the Strait of Bonifacio: A line joining the West extreme of Cape Testa (41°14'N) in Sardinia with the Southwest extreme of Cape Feno (41°23'N) in Corsica.
- On the North: A line joining Cape Corse (Cape Grosso, 9°23'E) in Corsica, with Tinetto Island ( ) and thence through Tino and Palmaria islands to San Pietro Point ( ) on the coast of Italy.
There are four exits from the Tyrrhenian Sea (north to south):
Exit Location Width Connected Sea Corsica Channel between Tuscany and Corsica about 80 kilometres (50 mi) Ligurian Sea Strait of Bonifacio between Corsica and Sardinia 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) Mediterranean Sea (proper) no name between Sardinia and Sicily about 290 kilometres (180 mi) Mediterranean Sea (proper) Strait of Messina between Sicily and Calabria on the toe of Italy 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) Ionian Sea
The Tyrrhenian Sea is divided into two basins (or plains), the Vavilov plain and the Marsili plain. They are separated by the undersea ridge known as the Issel Bridge, after Arturo Issel.[dead link]
Its name derives from the Greek name for the Etruscans, who were said to be emigrants from Lydia and led by the prince Tyrrhenus. The Etruscans settled along the coast of modern Tuscany and referred to the water as the "Sea of the Etruscans".
In Greek mythology, it is believed that the cliffs above the Tyrrhenian Sea housed the four winds kept by Aeolus. The winds are the Mistral from the Rhône valley, the Libeccio from the south-west, and the Sirocco and Ostro from the south.
- ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. http://www.iho-ohi.net/iho_pubs/standard/S-23/S23_1953.pdf. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- ^ Sartori, Renzo (2003). "The Tyrrhenian back-arc basin and subduction of the Ionian lithosphere". Episodes 26 (3): 217–221. http://www.episodes.org/backissues/263/10Sartori.pdf.
- ^ "The Origins of the Etruscans". San José State University. http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/etruscans.htm. Retrieved December 2010.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Tyrrhenian Sea — [ti rē′nē ən] part of the Mediterranean, between the W coast of Italy & the islands of Corsica, Sardinia, & Sicily … English World dictionary
Tyrrhenian Sea — Sp Tirėnų jūra Ap Mare Tirreno itališkai Ap Tyrrhenian Sea angliškai L Viduržemio j. dalis prie Italijos pv. krantų … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Tyrrhenian Sea — /ti ree nee euhn/ a part of the Mediterranean, bounded by W Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. * * * Italian Mare Tirreno Arm of the Mediterranean Sea. It is located between the western coast of Italy and the islands of Corsica, Sardinia, and… … Universalium
Tyrrhenian Sea — noun an arm of the Mediterranean between Italy and the islands of Corsica and Sardinia and Sicily • Instance Hypernyms: ↑sea • Part Holonyms: ↑Mediterranean, ↑Mediterranean Sea … Useful english dictionary
Tyrrhenian Sea — noun A part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy, bounded by Corsica and Sardinia (west), Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, and Calabria (east), and Sicily ( … Wiktionary
TYRRHENIAN SEA — The “Etruscan” sea that formed the western flank of Etruria. See also COASTS … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans
Tyrrhenian Sea — Tyr•rhe′ni•an Sea′ [[t]tɪˈri ni ən[/t]] n. geg a part of the Mediterranean, bounded by W Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily … From formal English to slang
Tyrrhenian Sea — geographical name the part of the Mediterranean W of Italy, N of Sicily, & E of Sardinia & Corsica … New Collegiate Dictionary
TYRRHENIAN SEA — an arm of the Mediterranean, stretching between Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily on the W., and Italy on the E … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Tyrrhenian Sea — Stretch of the Mediterranean between Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors