- Gulf of Aden
The Gulf of Aden ( _ar. خليج عدن; transliterated: "Khalyj 'Adan" Somali: "Khaleejka Cadan") is located in the
Arabian Seabetween Yemenon the south coast of the Arabian Peninsulaand Somaliain the Horn of Africa. In the northwest, it connects with the Red Seathrough the Bab-el-Mandebstrait.
Commerce and trade in the Gulf
The Gulf of Aden is a vital waterway for shipping, especially for
Persian Gulfoil, making it an integral waterway in the world economy. [cite web|url=http://www.esa.int/esaEO/SEMWOXNFGLE_index_0.html|title=Earth from Space: The Gulf of Aden – the gateway to Persian oil|publisher=European Space Agency|date=2005-03-01|accessdate=2008-04-04] Approximately 11 percent of the world's seaborne petroleumpasses through the Gulf of Aden on its way to the Suez Canalor to regional refineries. [cite web|url=http://www.itopf.com/information-services/country-profiles/documents/redsea.pdf|title=Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden|publisher=International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF)|year=2003|accessdate=2008-04-04] The main ports along the Gulf are Adenin Yemen, and Zeila, Berbera, and Bosasoin Somalia.
In earlier history, the city of Crater, located just east of the modern city of Aden, was an important port in regional trade. Crater was the principal harbor of the pre-Islamic kingdom of
Awsan, and after its annexation by the kingdom of Saba at the end of the 5th century, the port of Crater played a significant role in connecting Africa with Arabia.
Hydrography of the Gulf
The temperature of the Gulf of Aden varies between convert|15|C|F and convert|28|C|F, depending on the season and the appearance of
monsoons. The salinity of the Gulf at convert|10|m|ft depth varies from 35.3 ‰along the eastern Somali coast to as high as 37.3 ‰ in the Gulf's center, [cite web|url=http://www.fao.org/WAIRDOCS/FNS/FN023E/ch2.htm|title=Hydrographic Survey Results|publisher=Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)|year=2008|accessdate=2008-04-06] while the oxygen content in the Gulf of Aden at the same depth is typically between 4.0 and 5.0 mL/L. [cite web|url=http://www.fao.org/WAIRDOCS/FNS/FN023E/ch2.htm|title=Hydrographic Survey Results|publisher=Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)|year=2008|accessdate=2008-04-06]
Ecology of the Gulf
A geologically young body of water, the Gulf of Aden has a unique
biodiversitythat contains many varieties of fish, coral, seabirds, and invertebrates. This rich ecological diversity has benefited from a relative lack of pollution during the history of human habitation around the Gulf, but environmental groups fear that the lack of a coordinated effort to control pollution may jeopardize the Gulf's ecosphere. [cite web|url=http://www.unep.org/regionalseas/Programmes/Non-UNEP_administered_Programmes/Red_Sea_and_Gulf_of_Eden/default.asp|title=Red Sea & Gulf of Aden|publisher=United Nations Environment Programme|year=2005|accessdate=2008-04-04] Piracy in Somaliaand the Gulf
The Gulf of Aden is an area known for acts of piracy, [cite web|url=http://www.arabnews.com/?page=4§ion=0&article=66307&d=3&m=7&y=2005|title=US Coalition Presence in Gulf Helps Cut Piracy: Commander|publisher=Arab News|date=2005-07-03|accessdate=2008-04-04] making its waters dangerous for water transport. The
International Maritime Bureaureported over two dozen actual and attempted attacks in 2007 in the Gulf off of the coast of Somalia. [cite web|url=http://www.arabianbusiness.com/506828-heavily-armed-pirates-spark-regional-shipping-alert|title=Heavily armed pirates spark regional shipping alert|publisher=ArabianBusiness.com|date=2007-12-24|accessdate=2008-04-04]
On 4 April 2008, pirates commandeered a French luxury
yachtin the Gulf of Aden with 34 crew members off the coast of Somalia. [cite web|url=http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnBAN457575.html|title=Pirates storm French yacht off Somalia|publisher=Reuters|date=2008-04-04|accessdate=2008-04-04]
On 15 September 2008, a
Hong Kongchemical tanker was seized by pirates in the gulf off Somalia. The crew of 22 consisted of 18 Indians, two Filipinos, one Bangladeshi and one Russian. As of 17 September 2008, a spokesman for the owner and management of the ship said that negotiations for the release of the ship and crew had yet to begin. [cite web|url=http://thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?we_cat=11&art_id=71773&sid=20614301&con_type=1&d_str=20080917&fc=4|title=Pirates seize HK tanker|publisher=The Standard|date=2008-09-17|accessdate=2008-09-17]
The most recent attempt at piracy, 4 October 2008, was of a arms ship. Four attempts were foiled by outmaneuvering. [cite web|url=http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/africa/10/04/somalia.priates.attacks.ap/index.html#cnnSTCText]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gulf of Aden — noun arm of the Indian Ocean at the entrance to the Red Sea • Instance Hypernyms: ↑gulf • Part Holonyms: ↑Indian Ocean … Useful english dictionary
Gulf of Aden — large bay between south Yemen and Somalia … English contemporary dictionary
Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Boothia, etc. — … Useful english dictionary
Operation Dawn 9: Gulf of Aden — Part of Piracy in Somalia, Operation Ocean Shield, Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa … Wikipedia
Operation Dawn of Gulf of Aden — Part of Piracy in Somalia, Operation Ocean Shield, Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa … Wikipedia
Aden (disambiguation) — Aden is a port city in Yemen. It may also refer to: * Colony of Aden, a former British colony and a state of the Federation of South Arabia surrounding the port of Aden * Aden Protectorate, a former British protectorate consisting of the… … Wikipedia
Aden — [äd′ n, ād′ n] 1. former British colony & protectorate in SW Arabia, on the Gulf of Aden: now part of the Republic of Yemen 2. seaport in this region: capital of the former People s Democratic Republic of Yemen: pop. 417,000 3. Gulf of gulf of… … English World dictionary
Gulf of Oman — The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman (Arabic: خليج عُمان Ḫalīdj ʾUmān; alternatively known as خليج مکران , Ḫalīdj Makrān; in Persian: دریای عمان Daryā ye Ommān, or دریای پارس Daryā ye Pārs) is a strait (and not an actual gulf) that connects the… … Wikipedia
Gulf — can refer to: *A gulf, usually referring to a large bay that is an arm of an ocean or sea. For example, the Gulf of Mexico is the ninth largest body of water in the world. * Gulf is also a novella by Robert A. Heinlein. * A company, see Gulf Oil… … Wikipedia
Aden — /ahd n, ayd n/, n. 1. a seaport in and the economic capital of the Republic of Yemen, in the S part: formerly the center of a British colony. 318,000. 2. Colony of. Also called State of Aden. a former British colony on the Gulf of Aden and a… … Universalium