- Gulf of Venezuela
The Gulf of Venezuela or gulf of Coquivacoa is a gulf of the
Caribbean Seabounded by the Venezuelan states of Zulia and Falcón and the Colombian department (state) of Guajira. A convert|54|km|mi|0|abbr=on straitconnects it with Lake Maracaiboto the south.
The Gulf is located in the north of
South America, between the peninsulas of Paraguaná of the Falcón Statein Venezuela and Guajira's in Colombiaand is connected to the Lake Maracaibothrough an artificial navigation canal. There is currently a dispute between Colombia and Venezuela over the gulf that has not been resolved, despite the decades-long negotiations conducted by a bilateral commission.
It was discovered by westerners in
1499when an expedition commanded by Alonso de Ojedain which he was accompanied by Amerigo Vespucci, explored the Venezuelan coasts compiling information and naming the new lands, said expedition arrived to the gulf after passing through the Netherlands Antillesand the Peninsula of Paraguaná.
Territorial waters are also in dispute over the gulf. The border dispute surged after the independence of Colombia and Venezuela from Spain in the 19th Century. The
Spanish empiredid not delimit the area because the Wayuuindigenous group posed resistance in the area. The land boundary was finally settled in 1941, but not the maritime.
The main factor that gives importance to these waters is the fact that it connects the
Caribbean Seaand Lake Maracaibo, an important source of crude petroleumfor Venezuela. The gulf therefore helps connect the wells and refineries in Lake Maracaibo to the world markets.
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