- East Siberian Sea
The East Siberian Sea (Russian: _ru. Восто́чно-Сиби́рское мо́ре) is a
marginal seain the Arctic Ocean. It is located between the Arctic Capein the North, the coast of Siberiain the South, the New Siberian Islandsin the West and Cape Billings, close to Gytkhelen, Chukotka, and Wrangel Islandin the East. This sea is bordering on the Laptev Seain the West and the Chukchi Seain the East.
Since it is open towards the Arctic Ocean in the north, the main gulfs of the East Siberian Sea, like the
Kolyma Bay, the Kolyma Gulfand the Chauunskaya Bay, are all located in its southern limits.
The area of the sea is 361,000 square miles. 70% of it is no deeper than 50 m, the deepest point being 155 m. The coast is mostly flat in the West (up to the mouth of the Kolyma), and mountainous in the East. Average air temperatures are 0°C to 2°C (4°C in the South) in the summer, reaching -30°C in the winter.
There are no islands in the middle of the East Siberian Sea, but there are a few islands and island groups in its coastal waters, like
Ayon Islandand the Medvyezhi island group.
Owing to its extreme northerly location the East Siberian Sea is most of the time covered with
ice. The eastern coasts have some elevated terrain and hills, but the western coasts are mostly low-lying and covered with tundra, marshes and multitude of small lakes.
This sea was navigated by
Russian sea-farers, moving from one river mouth to another in their kochs as early as the 17th century. In 1648 Semyon Dezhnevand Fedot Alekseev sailed the coast of the East Siberian Sea from the Kolyma to river Anadyr in the Bering Sea. Systematic exploration and mapping of the sea and its coasts was carried out by a series of expeditions in 1735-42, 1820-24, 1822, 1909, 1911-14.
The principal ports are
Pevekand Logashkino. The latter was abandoned after navigation along the Northern Sea Routedeclined in the latter half of the 20th century. After the breakup of the Soviet Unioncommercial navigation in the Arctic went into decline. Nowadays more or less regular shipping is to be found only between Pevek and Vladivostok. Ports in the northern Siberian coast located between Dudinkaand Pevek see next to no shipping at all.
Northern Sea Route
Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route
* [http://www.unep.org/dewa/giwa/areas/reports/r1a/assessment_giwa_r1a.pdf Ecological assessment]
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Look at other dictionaries:
East Siberian Sea — part of the Arctic Ocean, off the NE coast of Russia, east of the New Siberian Islands * * * ▪ sea, Arctic Ocean Russian Vostochno sibirskoye More, part of the Arctic Ocean between the New Siberian Islands (west) and Wrangel Island… … Universalium
East Siberian Sea — part of the Arctic Ocean, off the NE coast of Russia, east of the New Siberian Islands … English World dictionary
East Siberian Sea — noun A marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean. This sea is bordering on the Laptev Sea in the West and the Chukchi Sea in the East … Wiktionary
East Siberian Sea — geographical name sea, arm of Arctic Ocean N of E Russia in Asia extending from New Siberian Islands to Wrangel Island … New Collegiate Dictionary
East Siberian Sea — … Useful english dictionary
Vilkitsky Island (East Siberian Sea) — For other islands and geographic features called Vilkitsky see Vilkitsky (disambiguation). Vilkitsky Island ( ru. Oстров Вилькицкого; Ostrov Vilkitskogo ) is the southernmost island of the De Long group in the northern part of the East Siberian… … Wikipedia
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East Siberian — Sea in the Arctic off East Siberia … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
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