Bali Sea


Bali Sea

The Bali Sea ( _id. Laut Bali) is the body of water north of the island of Bali and south of Kangean Island in Indonesia. The sea forms the south-west part of the Flores Sea, and the Madura Strait opens into it from the west. [cite book |title=Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary |publisher=Merriam-Webster |year=1997 |isbn=0877795460 ]

Bali Sea is sometimes being grouped with Flores Sea for oceanographic purposes, however in some nautical charts, Bali Sea is written as a distinct sea for navigation. The sea, which is part of Australasian Mediterranean Sea, has a coverage of km2 to mi2|45000 wide area and the maximum depth of m to ft|1590. [cite web| title=Glossary of Physical Oceanography and Related Disciplines |author=Steven K. Baum |publisher=Texas A&M University |accessdate=2007-10-09 |url=http://stommel.tamu.edu/~baum/paleo/ocean/node3.html |date=August 17 2001]

The circulation and mass water properties in Bali Sea are a continuation from Flores Sea to the Java Sea in the north. In oceanographic, Bali Sea is concerned with the Indonesian throughflow coming from Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean, the flow of which are mostly passing through Bali Strait and Lombok Strait. [cite book| author=Rhodes W. Fairbridge |title=The Encyclopedia of Oceanography |publisher=Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. |year=2000 |id=ISBN 0442150709]

In a recorded tsunami history, Bali Sea observed several tsunamis. The 1815 Tambora eruption (scale 7 of Volcanic Explosivity Index) formed tsunamis on 22 September 1815 at coordinate coord| -8.00|115.20 and three years later (8 September 1818) from subsequent volcanic activities at coordinate coord|-7.0|117.0.cite web| url=http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/results?bt_0=&st_0=&type_8=EXACT&query_8=None+Selected&op_14=eq&v_14=&type_15=EXACT&query_15=None+Selected&type_7=Like&query_7=bali+sea&st_1=&bt_2=&st_2=&bt_1=&bt_10=&st_10=&ge_9=&le_9=&bt_3=&st_3=&type_19=EXACT&query_19=None+Selected&op_17=eq&v_17=&type_18=EXACT&query_18=None+Selected&bt_20=&st_20=&bt_13=&st_13=&bt_16=&st_16=&bt_6=&st_6=&bt_11=&st_11=&d=7&t=101650&s=7| author=National Geophysical Data Center |work=Natural hazards |accessdate=2007-10-09 |title=Tsunami Events where Source Location Name includes bali sea] Two more tsunamis were recorded in 1857 and 1917 with maximum height of m to ft|3 and m to ft|2 respectively.

ee also

* Geography of Indonesia
* Indonesian throughflow

References


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