- Gulf of Finland
The Gulf of Finland (Finnish: "Suomenlahti", Russian: "Финский залив", "Finskiy zaliv", Swedish: "Finska viken", Estonian: "Soome laht") is the easternmost arm of the
Baltic Seathat extends between Finland(to the north) and Estonia(to the south) all the way to Saint Petersburgin Russia, where the river Nevadrains into it. Other major cities around the gulf include Helsinkiand Tallinn. The eastern parts of the Gulf of Finland belong to Russia and some of Russia's most important oil harbours are located furthest in, near Saint Petersburg (including Primorsk). As the seaway to Saint Petersburg, the Gulf of Finland has been and continues to be of considerable strategic importance to Russia. Some of the environmental problems affecting the Baltic Sea are at their most pronounced in the shallow, cul-de-sac gulf.
The Gulf of Finland has an area of 29,500 km², its length is 428 km and it is up to 120 km wide. The width at the mouth of the gulf is 75 km and the distance from
Porkkalato Rohuneeme, outside Tallinn, is 52 km. The gulf narrows in the east, eventually becoming the 10–28 km wide Gulf of Kronstadt. The largest bay on the northern coast is the Gulf of Vyborg, and in the south Narva Bay.
There are several islands in the Gulf of Finland.
Gogland, Tyters, Lavansaariand Seiskariare the largest of these, and there are countless islands along the very splintered northern shoreline all the way from the west to the Gulf of Vyborg in the east. The deepest parts of the gulf can be found at the mouth of the gulf, where there is a deep with a depth of 80–100 meters. There are even depths of over 100 meters at the southern coast, while the depth at the northern coast never exceeds 60 meters. Much of the northern shoreline is quite shallow and rocky, making it difficult, even dangerous to navigate coastal waters there without accurate charts. The deepest point, 121 m, is at the Estonian coast, just northeast of Tallinn. About 5% of the water mass in the Baltic Sea is located in the Gulf of Finland.
ocean currents tend to move clockwise on the northern hemisphere (due to the Coriolis effect), and therefore the currents are moving eastwards in near the Finnish coast, and westwards near the Estonian coast. The water is sweeter further in the gulf, because of the large river Neva, which has its outlet there.
eutrophicationof the Gulf of Finland is the biggest problem for the sea – algal bloom, which occures during summers, can cover large areas.
Cities and Towns
Peter the Great's Naval Fortress
* [http://earth.esa.int/showcase/env/Finland/Gulf_of_Finland_MER_FR_Orbit_07204_20030717.htm ESA satellite photograph of the Gulf of Finland]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gulf of Finland — noun an eastern arm of the Baltic Sea; between Finland and Estonia • Instance Hypernyms: ↑gulf • Part Holonyms: ↑Baltic, ↑Baltic Sea … Useful english dictionary
Gulf of Finland — noun An arm of the Baltic Sea that separates the European countries of Estonia and Finland. On its eastern end, the Neva at the Russian city of St. Petersburg empties into it … Wiktionary
Gulf of Finland Naval Command — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Gulf of Finland Naval Command caption=Colour of the Command dates=1998– country= FIN allegiance= branch= Finnish Navy Seal type= role= Coastal defence size= 850 career personnel, 1,400 conscripts [ Varusmiehiä… … Wikipedia
Eastern Gulf of Finland National Park — Geobox|Protected Area name = Eastern Gulf of Finland National Park native name = Itäisen Suomenlahden kansallispuisto other name = other name1 = category local = National Park of Finland category iucn = II image size = image caption = country =… … Wikipedia
Finland — • As of the time of this article, a department or province of the Russian Empire; bounded on the north by Norway, on the west by Sweden and the Gulf of Bothnia, on the south by the Gulf of Finland Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… … Catholic encyclopedia
Finland, Relations with — Finland was incorporated into the Romanov Empire during the early 19th century. Formerly subjugated to Sweden, the region enjoyed substantial autonomy under tsarist rule and witnessed a national awakening in the 19th century. Benefiting from… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Gulf of Oman — The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman (Arabic: خليج عُمان Ḫalīdj ʾUmān; alternatively known as خليج مکران , Ḫalīdj Makrān; in Persian: دریای عمان Daryā ye Ommān, or دریای پارس Daryā ye Pārs) is a strait (and not an actual gulf) that connects the… … Wikipedia
Finland — /fin leuhnd/, n. 1. Finnish, Suomi. a republic in N Europe: formerly a province of the Russian Empire. 5,109,148; 130,119 sq. mi. (337,010 sq. km). Cap.: Helsinki. 2. Gulf of, an arm of the Baltic, S of Finland. * * * Finland Introduction Finland … Universalium
Finland — This article is about the country in Northern Europe. For other uses, see Finland (disambiguation). Coordinates: 65°N 27°E / 65°N 027°E / 65; … Wikipedia
Finland — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Finland <p></p> Background: <p></p> Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of… … The World Factbook