- Demographics of Qatar
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Qatar, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Natives of the Arabian Peninsula, many Qataris are descended from a number of migratory tribes that came to Qatar in the 18th century to escape the harsh conditions of the neighboring areas of Nejd and Al-Hasa. Some are descended from Omani tribes. Qatar has over 900,000 people, the majority of whom (about 90%) live in Doha, the capital. Foreign workers with temporary residence status make up about four-fifths of the population. Most of them are South Asians, Egyptians, Palestinians, Jordanians, Iranians and Somalis. About 5,000 U.S. citizens resided there as of 2001.
For centuries, the main sources of wealth were pearling, fishing, and trade. At one time, Qataris owned nearly one-third of the Persian Gulf fishing fleet. With the Great Depression and the introduction of Japan's cultured-pearl industry, pearling in Qatar declined drastically.
The Qataris are mainly Sunni Muslims. Islam is the official religion, and Islamic jurisprudence is the basis of Qatar's legal system. Arabic is the official language and English is the lingua franca of business. Education is compulsory and free for all residents 6–16 years old. Qatar has an increasingly high literacy rate.
Year Population 1908 est. 22,000 1939 est. 28,000 late 1960s 70,000 1986 369,079 1997 522,023 2000 744,483 2001 769,152 2002 793,341 2003 817,052 2004 840,290 2005 863,051 2006 885,359 2007 1,207,229 2008 1,524,789 2009 1,309,000 2010 1,696,563 2011 1,692,262
CIA World Factbook demographic statistics
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
1.6 Million (2010 June)
0–14 years: 21.8% (male 92,896/female 87,201) 15–64 years: 76.8% (male 451,127/female 182,330) 65 years and over: 1.4% (male 6,545/female 4,690) (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
1.093% (2008 est.)
9.56% - World Bank (2009 est.)
0.96% - CIA World FactBook (2009 est.)
2.11% - 2005 - 2010 List by the United Nations
15.69 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
2.47 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
-2.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 2.47 male(s)/female
65 years and over: Qatari men to women is 1.3 male(s) / female or including foreigners 1.4 male(s)/female
total population: 2.00 male(s)/female (2008 est.) (the reasoning is because of high immigration of male workers to Qatar)
Infant mortality rate
total: 13.09 deaths/1,000 live births male: 13.99 deaths/1,000 live births female: 12.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.19 years
male: 73.5 years
female: 76.98 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.45 children born/woman (2009 est.) (Qataris: 3.9, Foreign nationals: 2)
Arab 40%, Pakistani 85,000 Indian 600,000 (60% muslim 40% hindu), Iranian 10%, other 14%
Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language, Urdu, Persian, Hindi
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
female: 88.6% (2008 est.)
Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA represents the female lineage The Qatari mitochondrial DNA shows much more diversity than the Y-DNA lineages, with more than 35% of the lineages showing African ancestry (East African & Subsaharan) & the rest of the lineages being Eurasian.
- R0 ~ 22% (14% R0*, 8% H)
- JT ~ 22% (18% J & 4% T)
- UK ~ 20% (11% K & 9% U)
- L3 ~ 10% (East African & Subsaharan lineages)
- Other lineages ~ 26%
- See also : Qatar
- ^ a b John Lockerbie (6 June 1998). "The population of Qatar". Catnaps.org. http://www.catnaps.org/islamic/population.html. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- ^ "Qatar – Country overview, Location and size, Population, Industry, Mining, Manufacturing, Services, Tourism". Nationsencyclopedia.com. http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/Qatar.html. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- ^ "CGIS Home Page – Main Section". Gisqatar.org.qa. 31 December 1998. http://www.gisqatar.org.qa/alkhabar/Spring99/census.html. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
- ^ Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations.
- ^ CIA World Factbook - Qatar
- ^ Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs - Background Note: Qatar
- ^ religiousintelligence.co.uk - Country Profile: Qatar (State of Qatar)
- ^ International Religious Freedom Report 2007 - Qatar
- ^ Cadenas et al. 2007
- ^ Rowold et al. 2007
Ethnic groups in Asia Sovereign
- Burma (Myanmar)
- People's Republic of China
- East Timor (Timor-Leste)
- North Korea
- South Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- Sri Lanka
- United Arab Emirates
States with limited
- Northern Cyprus
- Republic of China (Taiwan)
- South Ossetia
- Christmas Island
- Cocos (Keeling) Islands
- Hong Kong
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Demographics of present-day nations and states — This is a list of Demographics by country articles, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. The entries are listed below. compactTOC2 NOTOC A… … Wikipedia
Qatar — State of Qatar دولة قطر Dawlat Qaṭar … Wikipedia
Demographics of Hong Kong — Demographics and Culture of Hong Kong Demographics … Wikipedia
Demographics of Malaysia — Indicator Rank Measure Economy GDP (PPP) per capita 56th $13,315 Unemployment rate … Wikipedia
Demographics of Kazakhstan — Population of Kazakhstan (in millions) from 1950 2009. Population: 16,500,000 (April, 2011) Density: 5.94/km2 Growth rate … Wikipedia
Demographics of Kyrgyzstan — Population of Kyrgyzstan (in millions) from 1950 2009 Population: 5,362,800 (2009 est.) Density: 27.4/km2; 71/sq mi Growth rate … Wikipedia
Demographics of the Middle East — discribes population in the Middle East. The population growth rate in the Middle East is among the highest in the world. The high population growth brings challenges in the Middle East societies. During 1990 2008 the growth rate was higher than… … Wikipedia
Demographics of Mongolia — Demographics of Mongolia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Mongolia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the… … Wikipedia
Demographics of Turkey — Demographics of Republic of Turkey 1961–2007 Population: 72,586,256 (2009 est.) Growth rate: 1.45% (2009 est … Wikipedia
Demographics of Lebanon — Indicator Rank Measure Economy GDP (PPP) per capita 51th $15,557 Unemployment rate … Wikipedia