Demographics of Iraq

Demographics of Iraq
Ethnic and religious groups in Iraq
  Iraqi Arabs (Shia Islam)
  Iraqi Arabs (Sunni Islam)

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Iraq, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The 2009 IMF population estimate of Iraq is 31,234,000.[1]



Iraq is the region known outside the Islamic world as Mesopotamia, the population estimate in 1920 was 3 million. The ruins of Ur, Babylon, and other ancient cities are situated in Iraq, as is the legendary location of the Garden of Eden. Almost 75% of Iraq's population lives in the flat, alluvial plain stretching southeast from Tikrit to the Persian Gulf. The Tigris and the Euphrates carry about 70 million cubic meters of silt annually from this plain down to the delta. The water from these two great rivers, and the fertility of the soil in the alluvial plain and the delta, allowed early agriculture to sustain a stable population as far back as the 7th millennium BC.

Demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.


31,234,000.[1] (April 2009 IMF est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 39.7% (male 5,398,645; female 5,231,760)
15-64 years: 57.3% (male 7,776,257; female 7,576,726)
65 years and over: 3% (male 376,700; female 423,295) (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

2.66% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

31.45 births/1,000 population (2006 est)

Death rate

5.37 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate

48.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 69.01 years
male: 67.76 years
female: 70.31 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate

4.28 children born/woman (2005 est.)
3.76 children born/woman (2010 est.)


noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi

Ethnic groups

Iraqi Arabs 75%-80%, Kurds 15%-20%, Assyrians 2%, Turkmen 1%.


Islam 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christianity and other 3%.


Arabic, Kurdish, Aramaic, Turkmen, Persian


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 74.1%
male: 84.1%
female: 64.2% (2000 est.)

Median Age

Total Population: 19.7 years
Male: 19.6 years
Female: 19.8 years (2006 est.)

See also


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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