- Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Армија на Република Македонија
Emblem of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Current form 1991 Headquarters Skopje Leadership Commander-in-Chief President Gjorge Ivanov Minister of Defense Fatmir Besimi Chief of staff BG [] Manpower Military age 18 Available for
532,856 males, age 16-49,
513,684 females, age 16-49
444,247 males, age 16-49,
427,556 females, age 16-49
Active personnel 10,000 Reserve personnel 20,000 Expenditures Budget 230,000,000 $ (2010 est.) Percent of GDP 2,5% (2010 est.)  Industry Foreign suppliers Ukraine
Related articles History Military history of Macedonia Ranks Military ranks of Macedonia
The Army of the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Армија на Република Македонија, Armija na Republika Makedonija) is the name of the unified armed forces of the Republic of Macedonia. The Macedonian military is a defence force consisting of an army (Армија, Armija); an air force (Воено Воздухопловство, Voeno vozduhoplovstvo); and a professional military unit, the Macedonian Special Forces (Волци, Volci).
- 1 Objectives
- 2 NATO accession
- 3 Military history
- 4 Military ranks
- 5 Conscription
- 6 Engagements
- 7 Organization
- 8 Equipment
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The national defence policy aims to guarantee:
- the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the republic;
- the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace; and
- to defend the country's constitution.
Its main interests remain the development and maintenance of a credible capability to defend the nation's vital interests and development of the Macedonia Army in such a way that ensures their interoperability with the armed forces of NATO and the European Union member states and their capability to participate in the full range of Alliance missions.
Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia
The Army was heavily involved in trying to maintain order when the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (NLA) militant group attacked the security forces of the Republic of Macedonia at the beginning of January 2001. The conflict lasted throughout most of the year, although overall casualties remained limited to several dozen for either side, according to the sources from both of the sides in the conflict. The conflict was resolved by the adoption of the Ohrid Framework agreement in August 2001.
Macedonia has deployed 244 troops to Afghanistan as part of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. On 13 September 2011, Macedonian forces were filmed fighting alongside U.S troops as they successfully repelled a Taliban attack on the ISAF headquarters in Kabul.
The primary arm of the military in Macedonia is the Army of the Republic of Macedonia (ARM). The ARM is commanded by the Minister of Defense through the Chief of the General Staff (CGS) of the ARM. Two Deputy CGS positions include the Deputy CGS for planning, operations and readiness, under whom operates the General Staff of the ARM, and the Deputy CGS for civil-military cooperation.
The army is the main arm of the Macedonian ground forces. It plays the key role in securing the safety and unity of the territory of the Macedonian republic. The army is divided into the rapid reaction forces, strategic reserve forces and support forces. The rapid reaction forces represent the main active combat capability of the military and consist of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Brigade and the Armour Battalion. The strategic reserve forces provide reserve brigades that can be called up in times of emergency. The 3rd Brigade and 4th Brigade are considered priority reserve units, while a further six units, numbered five through ten, also are maintained. The support forces include a number of units to support the rapid reaction and reserve forces in operation.
Army Air Wing
The Macedonian Air Force is the main arm of the Macedonian aviation forces. It has an important role in enhancing flight safety of the Macedonian airspace. One of the main goals of the air force is to build up an air surveillance system, which will be the cornerstone of the air traffic safety and airspace control. The air component is made up by the Aviation Force and the Air Defense Forces.
The Aviation Force is located in Petrovec (near Skopje) and has a combat squadron of Mi-24 attack helicopters, a transport squadron and an Air Defense Battalion along with the Securing and Logistics Support Company.
Army of Macedonia Branches Macedonian Air Force Macedonian Ground Force Strategic Reserve Forces Timeline
Wars | 2001 Macedonia conflict
Equipment of the Army of Macedonia
Special Forces Command
Special Forces Command controls operations of Ranger Battalion, as well as the Special Force Battalions – Wolves.
Training Command consists of the educational centers in RM, and is responsible for ensuring training and readiness standards, in particular for meeting NATO requirements.
Formed in 2001, the Logistics Command oversees all combat service support operations, and controls the Land Forces Logistic Base, the Military Hospital, and the Facility for Building and Maintenance.
Other commands under the CGS include an electronic warfare unit, the Honor Guard Unit, the Lake Service and an engineer regiment and signal regiment.
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Logistics and Utility Vehicles HMMWV Light Utility Vehicle 56 United States 15 Civilian versions Purchased
41 received as military aid from USA in 1998
TAM-110 Light utility truck ? Yugoslavia/ Slovenia Unknown number left by JNA TAM-150 Medium utility truck ? Yugoslavia/ Slovenia Unknown number left by JNA Iveco Medium utility truck 44 Italy Military aid from Italy M35/44 truck Medium utility truck ? United States Unknown number received as part of US as military aid Armoured Fighting Vehicles BRDM-2 Armoured amphibious scout car 10 Soviet Union BTR-70 Armoured personnel carrier 58 Soviet Union Military aid from Germany, GDR stock 1998 BTR-80 Armoured personnel carrier 12 Soviet Union Acquired from Kazakhstan for Special Forces 1998 M113A1 Armoured personnel carrier 28 United States Military aid from Italy 1999 TM-170 Armoured personnel carrier 114 Germany Leonidas 1 Armoured personnel carrier 10 Greece Greek copy of the Saurer 4K 4FA produced by ELBO MT-LB Armoured personnel carrier 10 Soviet Union BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle 11 Soviet Union T-72M1 Main battle tank 31 Soviet Union Acquired from Ukraine 2001 Boats Botica class (Type 16) Patrol boat 5 Yugoslavia 5 Ex-Yugoslavian patrol boats, 2 reported operational.
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes 60, 81/82 & 120mm Mortar 78 Yugoslavia Various caliber mortars from old JNA stock M2A1 Howitzer 36 United States 105 mm US Military aid 1998-1999 M-30 Howitzer 108 Soviet Union 122 mm military aid from Bulgaria 1999 M-63 "Plamen" Multiple rocket launcher 12 Yugoslavia 128 mm rocket BM-21 Grad Multiple rocket launcher 12 Soviet Union 122mm
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes SA-7 Grail MANPADS 200 Soviet Union inherited from JNA SA-18 Grouse MANPADS 10 Soviet Union SA-13 Gopher SAM 1 Soviet Union
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Makarov pistol Pistol Soviet Union Heckler & Koch MP5 Submachine gun Germany M4 Assault rifle United States M4s sold by the USA as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package. Zastava M21 Assault rifle Serbia M60 Assault rifle Yugoslavia Yugoslavian made AK-47 clone Zastava M70 Assault rifle Yugoslavia Zastava M93 Sniper rifle Serbia Zastava M84 General purpose machine gun Yugoslavia NSV Heavy machine gun Soviet Union M80 Zolja Shoulder-launched missile weapon 400+ Yugoslavia/ Macedonia M79 Osa Shoulder-launched missile weapon Yugoslavia/ Serbia M90 Stršljen Shoulder-launched missile weapon Serbia / Macedonia M57 Shoulder-launched missile weapon 1,800 Yugoslavia In reserve
T-34/85 x4 Inherited from JNA turned into museum pieces
T-55 x31 Inherited from JNA, all scarped
T-55A x94 Military aid from Bulgaria all retired
BTR-60P x31 Retired
- ^ a b c d e "CIA - The World Factbook -- Macedonia". Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mk.html. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- ^ "NationMaster - Macedonian Military statistics". NationMaster. http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/mk-macedonia-republic-of/mil-military&b_cite=1&all=1. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- ^ Basis of the National Defence Policy And Doctrine Macedonian Ministry of Defence (English)
- ^ 
- ^ "MIKO: A place at the table for Macedonia". The Washington Times. 3 September 2010. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2010/sep/3/a-place-at-the-table-for-macedonia/.
- ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WZtYM7ZRIE0&feature=player_embedded
- ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M6AM8VpwMJc&feature=player_embedded
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Armed forces of Macedonia - Armored Fighting Vehicles". vojska.net. http://www.vojska.net/eng/armed-forces/macedonia/equipment/armor/. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- ^ http://en.valka.cz/viewtopic.php/t/3764
- ^ Jane's Fighting Ships
- ^ a b c d e "Artillery weapons of Macedonian Army". vojska.net. http://www.vojska.net/eng/armed-forces/macedonia/equipment/artillery/. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- ^ a b c "Armed Forces of Macedonia - Air defence systems". vojska.net. http://www.vojska.net/eng/armed-forces/macedonia/equipment/air-defense/. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- ^ http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-9K35-Strela-10.html#mozTocId178145
- This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2003 edition".
- Ministry of Defense official site in English
- VV i PVO ARM (Air Force and Air Defence of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia)
- U.S. Embassy Skope assessment of progress towards NATO membership, February 2006, via United States diplomatic cables leak
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