Army of the Republic of Macedonia


Army of the Republic of Macedonia

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Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Армија на Република Македонија
MacedonianArmyLogo.svg
Emblem of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Current form 1991
Headquarters Skopje
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief President Gjorge Ivanov
Minister of Defense Fatmir Besimi
Chief of staff BG [[]]
Manpower
Military age 18[1]
Available for
military service
532,856 males, age 16-49[1],
513,684 females, age 16-49[1]
Fit for
military service
444,247 males, age 16-49[1],
427,556 females, age 16-49[1]
Reaching military
age annually
16,144[1] males,
14,920[1] females
Active personnel 10,000
Reserve personnel 20,000[citation needed]
Expenditures
Budget 230,000,000 $ (2010 est.)[2]
Percent of GDP 2,5% (2010 est.) [1]
Industry
Foreign suppliers Ukraine Ukraine
Serbia Serbia
Bulgaria Bulgaria
 United States
Related articles
History Military history of Macedonia
Ranks Military ranks of Macedonia

ARM-Logo-image.jpg

The Army of the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Армија на Република Македонија, Armija na Republika Makedonija) is the name of the unified armed forces of the Republic of Macedonia. The Macedonian military is a defence force consisting of an army (Армија, Armija); an air force (Воено Воздухопловство, Voeno vozduhoplovstvo); and a professional military unit, the Macedonian Special Forces (Волци, Volci).

Contents

Objectives

The national defence policy aims to guarantee:

  • the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the republic;
  • the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace; and
  • to defend the country's constitution.

Its main interests remain the development and maintenance of a credible capability to defend the nation's vital interests and development of the Macedonia Army in such a way that ensures their interoperability with the armed forces of NATO and the European Union member states and their capability to participate in the full range of Alliance missions.[3]

NATO accession

Military history

Military ranks

Conscription

The Republic of Macedonia abolished the compulsory military service as of October 2006. The Macedonian Army is the first in the region to consist fully of professional soldiers.[4]

Engagements

Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia

The Army was heavily involved in trying to maintain order when the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (NLA) militant group attacked the security forces of the Republic of Macedonia at the beginning of January 2001. The conflict lasted throughout most of the year, although overall casualties remained limited to several dozen for either side, according to the sources from both of the sides in the conflict. The conflict was resolved by the adoption of the Ohrid Framework agreement in August 2001.

War in Afghanistan

Macedonia has deployed 244 troops to Afghanistan as part of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan.[5] On 13 September 2011, Macedonian forces were filmed fighting alongside U.S troops as they successfully repelled a Taliban attack on the ISAF headquarters in Kabul.[6][7]

Organization

The primary arm of the military in Macedonia is the Army of the Republic of Macedonia (ARM). The ARM is commanded by the Minister of Defense through the Chief of the General Staff (CGS) of the ARM. Two Deputy CGS positions include the Deputy CGS for planning, operations and readiness, under whom operates the General Staff of the ARM, and the Deputy CGS for civil-military cooperation.

Land Force

The army is the main arm of the Macedonian ground forces. It plays the key role in securing the safety and unity of the territory of the Macedonian republic. The army is divided into the rapid reaction forces, strategic reserve forces and support forces. The rapid reaction forces represent the main active combat capability of the military and consist of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Brigade and the Armour Battalion. The strategic reserve forces provide reserve brigades that can be called up in times of emergency. The 3rd Brigade and 4th Brigade are considered priority reserve units, while a further six units, numbered five through ten, also are maintained. The support forces include a number of units to support the rapid reaction and reserve forces in operation.

Army Air Wing

The Macedonian Air Force is the main arm of the Macedonian aviation forces. It has an important role in enhancing flight safety of the Macedonian airspace. One of the main goals of the air force is to build up an air surveillance system, which will be the cornerstone of the air traffic safety and airspace control. The air component is made up by the Aviation Force and the Air Defense Forces.

The Aviation Force is located in Petrovec (near Skopje) and has a combat squadron of Mi-24 attack helicopters, a transport squadron and an Air Defense Battalion along with the Securing and Logistics Support Company.

Army of Macedonia
Logo of the Army of Republic of Macedonia
Branches
Macedonian Air Force
Macedonian Ground Force

Strategic Reserve Forces
Timeline

History
Wars | 2001 Macedonia conflict

Personnel

Notable officers | Senior officers
Rank insignia
Awards |
Flags
Oaths

Equipment

Equipment of the Army of Macedonia

Special Forces Command

Special Forces Command controls operations of Ranger Battalion, as well as the Special Force Battalions – Wolves.

Training Command

Training Command consists of the educational centers in RM, and is responsible for ensuring training and readiness standards, in particular for meeting NATO requirements.

Logistics Command

Formed in 2001, the Logistics Command oversees all combat service support operations, and controls the Land Forces Logistic Base, the Military Hospital, and the Facility for Building and Maintenance.

Other commands

Other commands under the CGS include an electronic warfare unit, the Honor Guard Unit, the Lake Service and an engineer regiment and signal regiment.

Organization of the Military of the Republic of Macedonia

Equipment

Vehicles

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Logistics and Utility Vehicles
HMMWV[8] Light Utility Vehicle 56  United States 15 Civilian versions Purchased
41 received as military aid from USA in 1998
TAM-110[8] Light utility truck ?  Yugoslavia/ Slovenia Unknown number left by JNA
TAM-150[8] Medium utility truck ?  Yugoslavia/ Slovenia Unknown number left by JNA
Iveco[8] Medium utility truck 44  Italy Military aid from Italy
M35/44 truck[8] Medium utility truck ?  United States Unknown number received as part of US as military aid
Armoured Fighting Vehicles
BRDM-2[8] Armoured amphibious scout car 10  Soviet Union
BTR-70[8] Armoured personnel carrier 58  Soviet Union Military aid from Germany, GDR stock 1998
BTR-80[8] Armoured personnel carrier 12  Soviet Union Acquired from Kazakhstan for Special Forces 1998
M113A1[8] Armoured personnel carrier 28  United States Military aid from Italy 1999
TM-170[8] Armoured personnel carrier 114  Germany
Leonidas 1[8] Armoured personnel carrier 10  Greece Greek copy of the Saurer 4K 4FA produced by ELBO
MT-LB[8] Armoured personnel carrier 10  Soviet Union
BMP-2[8] Infantry fighting vehicle 11  Soviet Union
T-72M1[8][9] Main battle tank 31  Soviet Union Acquired from Ukraine 2001
Boats
Botica class (Type 16) Patrol boat 5  Yugoslavia 5 Ex-Yugoslavian patrol boats, 2 reported operational.[10]

Artillery

[11]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
60, 81/82 & 120mm Mortar 78  Yugoslavia Various caliber mortars from old JNA stock
M2A1[11] Howitzer 36  United States 105 mm US Military aid 1998-1999
M-30[11] Howitzer 108  Soviet Union 122 mm military aid from Bulgaria 1999
M-63 "Plamen"[11] Multiple rocket launcher 12  Yugoslavia 128 mm rocket
BM-21 Grad[11] Multiple rocket launcher 12  Soviet Union 122mm

Air defense

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
SA-7 Grail[12] MANPADS 200  Soviet Union inherited from JNA
SA-18 Grouse[12] MANPADS 10  Soviet Union
SA-13 Gopher[12][13] SAM 1  Soviet Union

Small arms

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Makarov pistol Pistol  Soviet Union
Heckler & Koch MP5 Submachine gun  Germany
M4 Assault rifle  United States M4s sold by the USA as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.
Zastava M21 Assault rifle  Serbia
M60 Assault rifle  Yugoslavia Yugoslavian made AK-47 clone
Zastava M70 Assault rifle  Yugoslavia
Zastava M93 Sniper rifle  Serbia
Zastava M84 General purpose machine gun  Yugoslavia
NSV Heavy machine gun  Soviet Union
M80 Zolja Shoulder-launched missile weapon 400+  Yugoslavia/ Macedonia
M79 Osa Shoulder-launched missile weapon  Yugoslavia/ Serbia
M90 Stršljen Shoulder-launched missile weapon  Serbia /  Macedonia
M57 Shoulder-launched missile weapon 1,800  Yugoslavia In reserve

Retired Equipment

T-34/85 x4 Inherited from JNA turned into museum pieces
T-55 x31 Inherited from JNA, all scarped
T-55A x94 Military aid from Bulgaria all retired
BTR-60P x31 Retired

References

External links


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