- Socialist Republic of Macedonia
Socijalistička Republika Makedonija
Социјалистичка Република Македонија
Socialist Republic of Macedonia
A federal unit of the
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
← 1944 — 1991 → Flag Coat of arms Capital Skopje Official language Macedonian Established
In the SFRY:
August 2, 1944
January 31, 1946
September 8, 1991
Ranked 4th in the SFRY
Ranked 4th in the SFRY
Currency Yugoslav dinar (југословенски динари) Time zone UTC + 1
The Socialist Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Социјалистичка Република Македонија, Socijalistička Republika Makedonija) was a socialist state that was a constituent country of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. After the transition of the political system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Republic changed its official name to Republic of Macedonia in 1991, and with the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia, it declared full independence on September 8, 1991.
The modern Macedonian state was officially proclaimed under the name Democratic Federal Macedonia (Macedonian: Демократска Федерална Македонија, Demokratska Federalna Makedonija) on August 2, 1944, at the First Plenary Session of ASNOM during the antifascist National Liberation War of Macedonia in World War II. This date is now celebrated by ethnic Macedonians as the day they were first allowed to freely state their nationality.
In 1945, the state changed its official name to the People's Republic of Macedonia. It was formally incorporated as a constituent republic in the Yugoslav Federation in 1946. However, some people were against the federation and demanded greater independence from the federal authorities, leading to their prosecution. One of the notable victims of these purges was the first president, Metodija Andonov - Čento. In 1963, the name was changed to the Socialist Republic of Macedonia.
During this time, Macedonia had the status of a state, although not a completely independent one. It had its own constitution, collective presidency, government, parliament, official language, state symbols, a Ministry of Internal Affairs, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts and other state prerogatives. Also, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia had its own armed Territorial Defence armed forces (Macedonian: Територијална одбрана, Teritorijalna odbrana), as well as a Bureau for Foreign Relations (a Ministry of Foreign Affairs).
The rights of ethnic minorities were guaranteed by the constitution. The ruling political party was the League of Communists of Macedonia (Сојуз на комунистите на Македонија, Sojuz na komunistite na Makedonija).
The official language of SR Macedonia was Macedonian, but Albanian and Turkish national minorities had the right to use their own languages within the school system. The constitution of the SR Macedonia defined the state as the national state of the Macedonians, but also as the state of Albanians and Turks.
In 1990, the form of government peacefully changed from socialist state to parliamentary democracy. The first pluralist elections were held on November 11, 1990. After the collective presidency led by Vladimir Mitkov was dissolved, Kiro Gligorov became the first democratically elected president of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia on January 31, 1991. On April 16, 1991, the parliament adopted a constitutional amendment removing "Socialist" from the official name of the country, and on June 7 of the same year, the new name, Republic of Macedonia, was officially established. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed full independence, following a referendum held on September 8, 1991.
The Republic of Macedonia is the legal pre-successor to the Socialist Republic of Macedonia.
Heads of Institutions
History of the
Republic of Macedonia
This article is part of a series
Chronological Ottoman Macedonia Karposh's Rebellion National awakening Ilinden Uprising Kruševo Republic Vardar Banovina National Liberation War Anti-Fascist Assembly (ASNOM) National Liberation Front Exodus from Northern Greece Socialist Republic of Macedonia 1963 Skopje earthquake Republic of Macedonia 2001 Insurgency in Macedonia Ohrid Agreement Topical Military history Demographics History of the Macedonian people Related Region of Macedonia Naming Dispute Public Holidays
Republic of Macedonia Portal
Presidents of ASNOM
Presidents of Presidency of Parliament
- Lazar Koliševski
- Vidoe Smilevski
Presidents of Parliament
- Dimče-Mire Stojanov
- Lazar Koliševski
- Ljupčo Arsov
- Vidoe Smilevski
- Mito Hadživasilev
- Nikola Minčev
Presidents of Presidency
- Vidoe Smilevski
- Ljupčo Arsov
- Angel Čemerski
- Blagoja Talevski
- Tome Bukleski
- Vančo Apostolski
- Dragoljub Stavrev
- Jezdimir Bogdanski
- Vladimir Mitkov
- Lazar Koliševski (1945–1953)
- Ljupčo Arsov (1953–1961)
- Aleksandar Grličkov (1961–1965)
- Nikola Minčev (1965–1968)
- Ksente Bogoev (1968–1974)
- Blagoja Popov (1974–1982)
- Dragoljub Stavrev (1982–1986)
- Gligorije Gogovski (1986–1991)
This post was established in 1991 after the dissolution of the collective presidency
- ^ Устав Федеративне Народне Републике Југославије (1946), sr.wikisource.org, retrieved on October 19, 2007. (Serbo-Croatian)
- ^ Устав Социјалистичке Федеративне Републике Југославије (1963), sr.wikisource.org, retrieved on October 19, 2007. (Serbo-Croatian)
- ^ a b On This Day - Macedonian Information Agency - MIA, see: 1991 (Macedonian)
- ^ Nedelen Vesnik Globus
- ^ a b Macedonian Information Agency
- ^ Ministry of Defence of Republic of Macedonia
- ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Macedonia Official Site
- ^ РЕШЕНИЕ на Антифашиското собрание на народното ослободуене на Македонија за заведуене на македонскиот јазик како службен јазик во македонската држава (Rješenje Antifašističkog sobranja narodnog oslobođenja Makedonije o uvođenju makedonskoga jezika kao službenog jezika u državi Makedoniji), dokument br. 8, 2. kolovoza 1944., Prohor Pčinjski, Metodije Andonov Čento (predsjedatelj ASNOM)
- ^ a b Spasov, Ljudmil; Arizankovska, Lidija. Hierarhizacija jezikov v Republiki Makedoniji in Republiki Sloveniji glede na jezikovno politiko Evropske unije, (161. – 169.) u: Vidovič-Muha, Ada. (ur.) Slovenski knjižni jezik – aktualna vprašanja in zgodovinske izkušnje : ob 450-letnici izida prve slovenske knjige, Zbirka »Obdobja – metode in zvrsti« (vol. 20, ISSN 1408-211X), Center za slovenščino kot drugi/tuji jezik pri Oddelku za slovenistiko Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, 2003., ISBN 961-237-057-5, str. 163., 164.
Prvi člen Ustave SR Makedonije (Ustav na SRM, 1974) je SRM definiral kot nacionalno državo makedonskega naroda ter albanske in turške narodnosti v njej. V členih 220 in 222 je bilo zapisano, da ljudje lahko prosto uporabljajo svoj jezik in pisavo za izražanje in razvijanje svoje kulture.—Vidovič-Muha, 2003., 163.Poleg tega so makedonske (in slovenske) javne osebe v okvirih SFRJ (zunaj SR Makedonije oziroma SR Slovenije) zelo redko upoštevale pravico do uporabe svojega jezika v javnem sporazumevanju, in to je dajalo vtis, da je edini uradni jezik na ravni države SFRJ srbohrvaščina.—Vidovič-Muha, 2003., 164.
- ^ Faculty of Law, University of Skopje (Macedonian)
- ^ a b Kiro Gligorov was elected president on January 31st 1991, when SR Macedonia was still an official name of the nation. After the change of the state's name, he continued his function as a President of the Republic of Macedonia - The Official Site of The President of the Republic of Macedonia
- The Question of Self-determination and Union of the Macedonian Nation
- Macedonia after the Second World War (1945-1991)
- Dr. Cvetan Cvetkovski: CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA - Centre for European Constitutional Law
Socialist republics and socialist autonomous provinces of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Links to related articles Socialist republics and socialist autonomous provinces of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Macedonia topics History Geography Politics Economy Demographics Culture Symbols Religion MilitaryPortal · Topics
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