1963 Skopje earthquake


1963 Skopje earthquake

Earthquake
title=1963 earthquake
date=July 26, 1963




magnitude= 6.1 Mw
depth=6 kilometres (4 mi) [http://www.univ.trieste.it/~dst/RAF06/People/Denis/Skopje9.pdf Seismic Ground Motion Estimates for the M6.1 earthquake of July 26, 1963 at Skopje, Republic of Macedonia] Department of Earth Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy]
location=coord|42.16|N|22.66|E [http://www.iris.edu/seismo/quakes/1963skopje/ 1963 Skopje (Macedonia) Earthquake] SeismoArchives, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology]
countries affected = YUG (mainly present-day Republic of Macedonia)

casualties=1,000-1,100 killed [http://www.mrt.com.mk/en//index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3316&Itemid=27 Marking the 44th anniversary of the catastrophic 1963 Skopje earthquake] MRT, Thursday, 26 July, 2007]
Other:
*3,000-3,330 injured
*120,000-200,000 left homeless [http://www.inyourpocket.com/macedonia/skopje/feature/56043-the_1963_earthquake.html The 1963 earthquake in Skopje] In Your Pocket City Guides]
*75-80% of city destroyed [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/26/newsid_2721000/2721635.stm On This Day: 26 July; 1963: Thousands killed in Yugoslav earthquake] BBC]

The 1963 Skopje earthquake ( _mk. Скопски земјотрес 1963, transliterated "Skopski zemjotres 1963") was an earthquake which occurred in Skopje, SR Macedonia (present-day Republic of Macedonia) then part of the SFR Yugoslavia, on July 26, 1963.

Facts

The earthquake, which measured 6.1 on the moment magnitude scale (equivalent to 6.9 on the richter scale), occurred on July 26, 1963 at 4:17 am UTC (5:17 am local time) in Skopje, Socialist Republic of Macedonia, then part of SFR Yugoslavia (present-day Republic of Macedonia). The tremor lasted for 20 seconds and was felt mostly along the Vardar River Valley.

Aftermath

Within days after the earthquake took place, 35 nations requested that the United Nations General Assembly place relief for Skopje on their list of agendas. Relief, in the form of money, medical, engineering and building teams and supplies was offered from 78 countries . The famous artist Pablo Picasso donated his painting "Head of a Woman" (1963), which was exhibited in the new post-earthquake "Museum of Contemporary Art" [http://www.msuskopje.org.mk/?sid=410&lid=1] [http://portal.unesco.org/es/ev.php-URL_ID=27935&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html] [http://www.artfacts.net/index.php/pageType/instInfo/inst/2740] in Skopje.

Quotes

Following the earthquake, Josip Broz Tito, then-president of Yugoslavia, sent a message of condolences to the Socialist Republic of Macedonia:
Alberto Moravia, one of the leading Italian novelists:
Jean-Paul Sartre, one of the leading figures of the French philosophy and literature:cquote|Skopje is not a film, not a thriller where we guess the chief event. It is a concentration of man’s struggle for freedom, with a result which inspires further struggles and no acceptance of defeat..

Gallery

References

ee also

*List of earthquakes
*History of the Republic of Macedonia

External links

* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esOIrcy5A7E Footage of the aftermath]


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