- Military of Luxembourg
Infobox National Military
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
minister_title=Minister for Defence
ranks=The military of Luxembourg consists of a solitary branch: the
army, which was formerly commanded by a colonel, but as of 2008 is commanded by a general; Luxembourghas no navyor air force. The army has been an all-volunteer force since 1967. [fr icon cite web | url=http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1967/0433006/0433006.pdf#page=2 | title=Mémorial A, 1967, No. 43 | accessdate=2006-09-11 | format=PDF | publisher=Service central de législation ] It has a current strength of approximately 450 professional soldiers, about 340 enlisted recruits and 100 civilians, and a total budget of $120 million. The army is under civilian control. The Commander-in-Chiefis the Grand Duke, but day-to-day responsibility for defence matters is vested in the Minister for Defence, currently Jean-Louis Schiltz(since February 23 2006), [fr icon cite web | url=http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2006/0332302/0332302.pdf#page=2 | title=Mémorial A, 2006, No. 33 | accessdate=2006-09-06 | format=PDF | publisher=Service central de législation ] under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration.
Luxembourg has participated in the
Eurocorpssince 1994, has contributed troops to the UNPROFOR and IFORmissions in former Yugoslavia, and participates with a small contingent in the current NATO SFORmission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Luxembourg army is integrated into the Multinational Beluga Force under Belgian command. Luxembourg troops have also deployed to Afghanistanto support ISAF. Luxembourg has financially supported international peacekeepingmissions during the 1991 Gulf War, in Rwandaand, more recently, Albania. The army also has participated in humanitarian relief missions such as setting up refugee camps for Kurds and providing emergency supplies to Albania.
Military branches:Army (the
Gendarmeriewas merged into the Grand Ducal Police in 2000)
The army of Luxembourg has four main combat formations which come under the control of the Centre Militaire:
Compagnie A is the first of two rifle companies - it forms the Luxembourg contingent of the
Eurocorps. The company is organised into four platoons - there is the HQ platoon, an anti-tank platoon equipped with TOW, and a pair of rifle platoons.
Compagnie B is the educational unit of the army, providing various educational courses for personnel to take in preparation for advancement. In order to attend L'Ecole de l'Armee, a soldier must have at least 18 months of service. The School is divided into two sections:
*Level B - this is open for all soldiers at the end of their first 18 months of service. Soldiers follow two six-month periods of tuition in both general and military based subjects prior to taking examinations. Upon gaining 75% pass marks, they can proceed to the next level.
*Level A - Level A is open to soldiers who have achieved the required passes at Level B, or who have gained the equivalent in civilian life prior to their enlistment. Soldiers do a single six-month period of tuition in the same subjects as Level B, but for longer each week.
Compagnie Commandement et Instruction
The Compagnie Commandement et Instruction is the main military training unit of the Luxembourg Army, with instruction given in:
The Company is also responsible for the army's Elite Sports Section - this is for sportsmen who choose to join the army. Following their basic training, they join the Section de Sports d'Elite de l'Armée (SSEA).
Compagnie D is the second rifle company - it provides the Luxembourg contingent to
NATOas the Luxembourg Reconnaissance Company of the AMF(L). As a rifle company, it mirrors Compagnie A in organisation, with HQ, anti-tank and rifle platoons.
Browning Hi-Power9 mm pistol ( Service pistol)
Steyr AUG5.56 mm rifle ( Service rifle)
Steyr AUG HBAR5.56 mm automatic rifle
FN MAG7.62 mm machine-gun,
* M2 Browning Machine Gun .50 calibre
Anti-tank weapons and artillery
* M72 Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW)
* 105 mm
howitzer(bored up 25 pdr.) for ceremonial purposes
The government of Luxembourg has ordered 1
Airbus A400Mtransport aircraft in cooperation with the Belgian Airforce.
The 20 aircraft of the NATO AEW Force are all registered to
Luxembourgand based at the NATO Air Base Geilenkirchen:
* 3 NATO Trainer Cargo Aircraft (TCA), modified Boeing 707-320Cs [http://www.milaviapress.com/orbat/nato/index.php NATO military aviation OrBat] ]
In the Season 3 episode "A Full Rich Day" on the television series "M*A*S*H", the major plot involves the missing body of a Luxembourgian officer, Lieutenant LeClerq, of the Belgo-Luxembourg Battalion during the
Korean War. In reality, Luxembourg suffered two killed in actionand two wounded in actionduring the war. [cite web |url=http://www.nat-military-museum.lu/pageshtml/luxembourgarmy.php |title=Luxembourg Army History |accessdate=2007-06-20 |date= |year= |month= |publisher=National Museum of Military History ]
Prominent Luxembourg soldier
Tessy Antony, born 1985, is among the more prominent former members of Luxembourg's military. From March to July 2004 she took part in a mission in Yugoslavia, in Mitrovica within KFOR, the NATO peacekeeping force in Kosovo. In 2006 she married Prince Louis of Luxembourg, and is styled Tessy de Nassau, having attained an NCO rank before leaving the military.
* [http://www.armee.lu Luxembourgian Army official website]
* [http://www.nat-military-museum.lu/pageshtml/luxembourgarmy.php History of Luxembourg's Army]
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