Military of Montenegro


Military of Montenegro
Military of Montenegro
Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore
Military of Montenegro.gif
Service branches Montenegrin Ground Army
Montenegrin Navy
Montenegrin Air Force
Headquarters Podgorica
Leadership
President Filip Vujanović
Minister of Defence Boro Vučinić
Chief of Staff Major General Dragan Samardžić
Manpower
Military age 18+
Conscription Abolished in 2006
Active personnel 3,127 active (army 2,500 navy 401 air Force 226) and 10,100 paramilitary (2010)
Expenditures
Budget 26.5 million euros (2010)
Percent of GDP 8%
Industry
Foreign suppliers  Austria
 Germany
 Russia
 Serbia
Related articles
History Battle of Grahovac (1858)
Battle of Vučji Do (1876)
Battle of Fundina (1876)
First Balkan War (1912-1913)
Siege of Shkoder ( 1913)
Second Balkan War (1913–1913)
First World War (1914-1918)
Christmas Uprising (1919)
Ranks Montenegrin military ranks

The Military of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore) consists of an army, navy and air force. Conscription was abolished in 2006; the military is now a fully professional standing army.

The military currently maintains a force of 3,127 active duty members. The bulk of its equipment and forces were inherited from the armed forces of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro; as Montenegro contained the entire coastline of the former union, it retained practically the entire naval force.

Montenegro is a member of NATO's Partnership for Peace program and is an official candidate for full membership in the alliance. Montenegro applied for a Membership Action Plan on 5 November 2008, which was granted in December 2009. Montenegro is also a member of Adriatic Charter.

Flag of Montenegro
Location of Montenegro

Contents

History

State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

Pre-Yugoslavia

NATO Membership

NATO

Peacekeeping operations

Montenegro participates in peace operations under the NATO and UNauspices as military troops and observers.Minister of Defense said that 85 soldiers are trained for international missions.[1] Montenegrin soldiers are trained by the German Bundeswehr.[2]

NATO Montenegro sent 31 troops and medical personnel to the ISAF mission in Afghanistan.[3]

United Nations Montenegro also participates in UN peacekeeping missions in Liberia, UNMIL, Cyprus, UNFICYP as military observers and Somalia, EU-NAVFOR.


Current Mission Organization Country Nr. of personnel
ISAF NATO Afghanistan Afghanistan 31 Members (Military troops and medical team)
UNMIL United Nations Liberia Liberia Officers as military observers
UNFICYP United Nations Cyprus Cyprus Officers as military observers
EU-NAVFOR EU Somalia Somalia Navy officers (3)

International Training

Command

Leadership

Ministry of Defense

  • Minister of Defense: Boro Vučinić
  • Chief of the General Staff: Vice Admiral Dragan Samardžić
  • Deputy Chief of the General Staff:
  • Chief of Staff: Major General Dragan Milosavljević
  • Commander of Honor Battalion: 1st Class Captain Željko Radulović
  • Commander of Military Police Company: Lieutenant Vesko Popović
  • Commander of Light Infantry Brigade: Colonel Goran Medojević
  • Commander of Special Forces Brigade: Colonel Dragutin Dakić
  • Commander of Training and Support Base: Colonel Rifet Kosovac
  • Commander of Air Base: Colonel Zivko Pejovic
  • Commander of Naval Base: Captain Rajko Bulatović

Bases

Air Bases

Golubovci (Podgorica) Montenegro's only air base. Under army command.

Naval Bases

Bar Kumbor Tivat

Army Bases

Equipment

Small Arms

Anti-tank rocket systems

Artillery

Vehicles

Navy

  • 2 Mala R-2 midget submarines
  • 2 Kotor class frigates - 1,870 tons full load - commissioned 1988 - 4 SS-N-2C SSM (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia)
  • 5 Končar class corvettes - 271 tons full load - commissioned 1979-80 - 1x2 SA-N-4 (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia)
  • 2 Landing craft tank
  • 10 Landing craft utility
  • 1 Sailing ship (Jadran, used for training)
  • 1 Motor Yacht (Jadranka, used for representative purposes)

Aircraft

Aircraft Photo Origin Type   Variants   Service entry Number Notes
Trainer Aircraft
Utva 75 Montenegrian air force Utva 75 at golubovci airbase.JPG  Yugoslavia

 Serbia

Two-seat basic training aircraft. Utva 75 / V-53 June 2006 3 One crashed to Lake Skadar in 2008.
Transport and Utility Helicopters
Soko Gazelle Gama  France

 Yugoslavia

Light Utility helicopter OH-42/45

HN-42M

June 2006 15 Currently 11 operational.
Mil Mi-8 Montenegrian airforce mi 8.jpg  Soviet Union

 Russia

Transport helicopter Mi-8T/HT-40 1
Air Tractor AT-802 Montenegrian air force AT-802A Fire Boss.jpg  United States firefighting, coastal patrol airplane AT-802A 4.6.2009 2 (3) Government aircraft
PZL-Mielec M-18 Dromader PZL-M18B Dromader PICT20005.jpg  Poland firefighting PZL-Mielec M-18 Dromader unknown 2 Government aircraft

Units & Structure

Structure of the Military of Montenegro (click to enlarge)
Montenegrin soldier holding a HK MP5
Members of the Montenegrin Special Forces participate in a tactical capabilities demonstration at the Danilovgrad Training Center in Montenegro 7 Dec. 2006
  • Honor Battalion
    • Honor Company
    • Military Band
    • Command Station
    • SAS "Zlatica"
  • Military Police Company
    • Military Police Service Platoon
    • 1st Military Police Platoon
    • 2nd Military Police Platoon
    • Traffic Military police Section
  • Light Infantry Brigade
    • 1st Light Infantry Battalion
    • 2nd Light Infantry Battalion
    • 3rd Light Infantry Battalion
    • Reconnaissance Company
    • Fire Support Company
    • Air Defense Platoon
  • Special Forces Brigade
    • Counter-Terrorism Battalion
    • Marine Platoon
    • Military Police Platoon
    • Signal Platoon
    • Mountain Battalion
    • Engineer Company
    • NBCW Platoon
  • Training and Support Base
    • Logistic Center
    • Training Center
    • Medical Center
    • Signal Center
  • Air Base
    • Helicopter Squadron
      • 1st (Attack) Section
      • 2nd (Transport) Section
      • 3rd (Utility) Section
    • Air Force Technical Company
    • Air Base Security Platoon
  • Naval Base
    • Command Station
    • Patrol Boat Unit
    • Coastal Reconnaissance and Guidance Unit
    • Search and Rescue Unit
    • "Jadran" Training Center
    • Signal Platoon
    • Logistic Platoon

The Military before 1918

After the establishment of the Kingdom of Montenegro in 1910, Montenegro was involved in three wars with the first one being the First Balkan War, in alliance with Serbia, Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria against the Ottoman Empire. The Second Balkan War was fought between Montenegro, Serbia, Greece, Romania, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria with Bulgaria losing significant territory in the north, Thrace, and Macedonia.

The Military of Montenegro before 1918, the year of Montenegro's union with Serbia, was much larger than today's military. During World War I, Montenegro contributed 50,000 troops. The Commander-in-Chief was King Nikola I of Montenegro, while the General of Staff was Božidar Janković. Units included:

Pljevlja Division
The Pljevlja Division was commanded by brigadier Luka Gojnić. The division was made up of 10 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and patrolled the area east from Pljevlja.

Herzegovina Detachment
The Herzegovina Detachment was commanded by serdar Janko Vukotić. The detachment was made up of 15 battalions. It had around 15,000 soldiers, and patrolled the border with Herzegovina.

Lovćen Detachment
The Lovćen Detachment was commanded by divizijar Mitar Martinović. The detachment was made up of 18 battalions. It had around 8,000 soldiers, and patrolled the areas of Lovćen and Sutorman.

'Old Serbia' Detachment
The 'Old Serbia' Detachment was commanded by brigadier Radomir Vešović. The detachment was made up of 13 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and secured the Albanian border.

Gallery

References

External links


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