- Military of Italy
Infobox National Military
name= Armed Forces of
native_name = Forze Armate
minister= Ignazio La Russa
minister_title = Minister of Defence
commander= General Vincenzo Camporini
budget= $40.6 billion (FY07), ranked 8th
percent_GDP= 1.6% (FY07)
age= 18 years of age
available= 13,791,260 (2005 est.)
fit= 10,963,513 (2005 est.)
reaching= 286,344 (2005 est.)
conscription = voluntary (since 2003)
domestic_suppliers= Alenia Aeronautica,Aermacchi,Fiat,Iveco,Oto melara
Military history of Italy
armed forcesare under the command of the Italian Supreme Defense Council, presided over by the President of the Italian Republic. The total number of military personnel is approximately 308,000. Italy has the eighth highest military expenditurein the world.
Article 11 of Italian Constitution
Article 11 of the
Italian Constitutionsays: "Italy rejects war as a means for settling international controversies and as an instrument of aggression against the freedoms of others peoples; it agrees, on conditions of equality with other states, to the limitations of sovereignty necessary for an order that ensures peace and justice among Nations; it promotes and encourages international organizations having such ends in view".
The four branches of Italian Armed Forces
Italian Army(Esercito Italiano) is the ground defense force of the Italian Republic. It has recently (July 29th, 2004) become a professional all-volunteer force of 115,687 active dutypersonnel. Its most famous combat vehicles are Dardo, Centauroand Ariete, and Mangusta attack helicopters, recently deployed in UN missions; but the Esercito Italiano also has at its disposal a large number of Leopard 1.(1000) tanks and M113APCs (1800).
Aeronautica MilitareItaliana (AMI), the air forceof Italy, was founded as an independent service arm on the March 28, 1923, by King Vittorio Emanuele III as the " Regia Aeronautica" (which equates to "Royal Air Force"). After World War II, when Italy was made a republicby referendum, the "Regia Aeronautica" was given its current name. Today the Aeronautica Militare has a strength of 45,879 and operates 585 aircraft, including 219 combat jets and 114 helicopters. As a stopgap and as replacement for leased Tornado ADV interceptors, the AMI has leased 30 F-16A Block 15 ADF and four F-16B Block 10 Fighting Falcons, with an option for some more. The coming years also will see the introduction of 121 EF2000 Eurofighter Typhoons, replacing the leased F-16 Fighting Falcons. Furthermore updates are foreseen on the Tornado IDS/IDT and the AMX-fleet. The transport capacity will be improved with the delivery of eighteen C-130Js (for 2°Gr) and an upgrade programme for the C-130Hs. Also a completely-new developed G222, called C-27J Spartan, will enter service replacing the G222's.
Marina Militare, the Italian Navy, was created in 1946 as the Navy of the Italian Republic, from the Regia Marina. Today's Marina Militare is a modern navywith a strength of 35,261 and ships of every type, such as aircraft carriers, destroyers, modern frigates, submarines, amphibious ships and other smaller ships such as oceanographic research ships.
The Marina Militare is now equipping herself with a bigger
aircraft carrier(the "Cavour"), new destroyers ( Horizon class frigateOrizzonte class) and Luigi durand de La Penne, submarines ( Sauro) and multipurpose frigates. In modern times, the Marina Militare, being a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), has taken part in many coalition peacekeeping operations.
Carabinieriare the gendarmerieand military policeof Italy. At the Sea Islands Conference of the G8in 2004, the Carabinieri was given the mandate to establish a Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units (CoESPU) to spearhead the development of training and doctrinal standards for civilian police units attached to international peacekeeping missions. [ [http://www.usip.org/pubs/usipeace_briefings/2006/coespu.pdf The Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units: Exploring the Way Ahead ] ]
Guardia di Finanzais a specialized policewith the role of fighting against financial crimes, illegal drugs trafficking, customs and borders control on earth-sea and air, illegal immigration, money laundering, Terrorist Financing, smuggling, maintaining public order and safety, money counterfeiting, cybercrime; it is also a Military Corps. In Italy also the Guardia di Finanza has some duties of military police.
NATO membership and UN missions
Italyhas worked closely with the United Statesand others on such issues as NATOand UN operations as well as with assistance to Russiaand the other CIS nations, Middle East peace process, multilateral talks, Somaliaand Mozambiquepeacekeeping, and combating drug trafficking, trafficking in women and children, and terrorism.
Under long-standing bilateral agreements flowing from NATO membership, Italy hosts important U.S. military forces at Vicenza – home of
173d Airborne Brigade– and Livorno(USA); Aviano(USAF); and Sigonella, Nisida, and Gaeta– home port for the U.S. Navy Sixth Fleet. The United States has about 16,000 military personnel stationed in Italy. Italy hosts the NATO Defence Collegeat Cecchignola, near Rome.Italy did take part in the 1990-91 Gulf War but solely through the deployment of eight Italian Air Force Panavia Tornado IDS bomber jets to Saudi Arabia; Italian Army troops were subsequently deployed to assist Kurdish refugees in northern Iraqfollowing the conflict.
As part of
Operation Enduring Freedomin response to the September 11, 2001 attacks, Italy contributed to the international operation in Afghanistan. Italian forces have contributed to ISAF, the NATO force in Afghanistan, and a Provincial reconstruction teamand 5 Italian soldiers have died under ISAF. Italy has sent 411 troops, based on one infantry company from the 2nd Alpini Regiment tasked to protect the ISAF HQ, one engineer company, one NBC platoon, one logistic unit, as well as liaison and staff elements integrated into the operation chain of command. Italian forces also command a multinational engineer task force and have deployed a platoon of Italian military police. Three AB 212 helicopters also were deployed to Kabul.
The Italian Army did not take part in combat operations of the 2003 Second Gulf War, dispatching troops only after May 1, 2003 - when major combat operations were declared over by the U.S. President
George W. Bush. Subsequently Italian troops arrived in the late summer of 2003, and began patrolling Nasiriyahand the surrounding area. On 26 May, 2006, Italian foreign minister Massimo D'Alemaannounced that the Italian forces would be reduced to 1,600 by June; Italian participation to the military operations in Iraq was concluded by the end of 2006, with full withdrawal of Italian military personnel except for a small group of about 30 soldiers engaged in providing security for the Italian embassy in Baghdad, and about 87 soldiers stationing in bases in the Persian Gulf(but not in Iraqi territory). As of June 2006 32 Italian troops have been killed in Iraq - with the greatest single loss of life coming on November 12, 2003 - a suicide car bombing of the Italian CarabinieriCorps HQ left a dozen Carabinieri, five Army soldiers, two Italian civilians, and eight Iraqi civilians dead.
* [http://www.difesa.it/ Official Site of Italian Ministry of Defense] it
* [http://www.esercito.difesa.it/ Official Site of Italian Army] it
* [http://www.marina.difesa.it/ Official Site of Italian Navy] it
* [http://www.aeronautica.difesa.it/int_site/default_int.asp Official Site of Italian Air Force]
* [http://www.carabinieri.it/Internet/ Official Site of Carabinieri] it
* [http://www.gdf.it/GdiF_in_English/index.html Official Site of Guardia di Finanza]
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