Osogovo (Bulgarian and Macedonian Cyrillic: Осогово (help·info)) or Osogovska Planina (Осоговска планина or Осоговска Планина) is a mountain and ski resort between southwestern Bulgaria (Kyustendil Province) and northeastern Republic of Macedonia, (Kočani and Kriva Palanka municipallities). It is about 110 km (68.35 mi) long and 50 km (31.07 mi) wide, the highest peak being Ruen (Руен) at 2251 m, which constitutes the main orthographic knot on the very border between Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia. The steepest slope of the mountain is in the west, stretching down from Carev Vrv (Царев Врв; "Tsar's Peak").
Osogovo is the northernmost and highest part of the Osogovo-Belasica group and is situated between the Kyustendil and Kamenitsa Valleys, Dobro pole and the Bregalnica and Kriva Reka river valleys. The west slopes are steep and the southeast ones are slant, the mountain being rich in polymetal ores.
There are many legends about the origin of name Osogovo, but the most famous one is that it was given by the Saxon miners who were mining gold and silver in the region in the past. According to this legend, the name originates from the Old Germanic words "osso" (god) and "gov" (place) which means "a divine place".
The mountain itself is a powerful granite massif of crystal rocks. It has a prominent volcanic relief made of conic peaks and volcanic tuff.
The flora distinguishes vertical coverage: an under-mountainous zone up to 1000 m where trees like oak, elm, hornbeam, ash, hazel and others can be found; a mountainous zone (1000–1800 m) covered mostly with beech trees; and a sub-alpine zone covered with grass pastures and bushes of juniper trees. The mountain rivers and streams are a natural habitat for the barbell, the chub and the mountain trout.
Deciduous and coniferous forests dominate. The area is inhabited by the rare Alpine Newt. The nature and climate conditions allow for all-year tourism. Important towns at the foot of Osogovo are Kyustendil to the northeast in Bulgaria and Kočani and Kriva Palanka to the west and southwest in the Republic of Macedonia.
Osogovo Monastery is situated on the mountain.
Macedonia topics History Geography Politics Economy Demographics Culture Symbols Religion Military Portal · Topics Bulgarian ski resorts Balkan Mountains Osogovo MountainsOsogovo Pirin Mountains Rila Mountains Rhodope Mountains Vitosha Mountains Tourism in Bulgaria
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Osogovo — 42°09′30″N 22°31′00″E / 42.15833, 22.516667 … Wikipédia en Français
Osogovo Monastery — with the Church of St. Joachim of Osogovo to the right and the Church of the Holy Mother of God to the left Monastery informa … Wikipedia
Osogovo Bay — (in the background) from Mount Friesland. Location of Osogovo … Wikipedia
Osogovo Planina — Sp Osogòvo Planinà õs Ap Осоговска Планина/Osogovska Planina L kk. R Bulgarijoje ir Makedonijoje … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Monastère d'Osogovo — Осоговски Манастир Vue de l église Présentation Culte Orthodoxie Type Monastère Rattaché à … Wikipédia en Français
FK Osogovo — ( mk. ФК Осогово) is a football club from Kočani, Republic of Macedonia. The club currently plays in the Macedonian Third League … Wikipedia
List of mountains in the Republic of Macedonia — Landscape of Mount Korab … Wikipedia
Kriva Palanka — 42° 07′ 00″ N 22° 11′ 00″ E / 42.11666667, 22.18333333 … Wikipédia en Français
Geography of the Republic of Macedonia — Geography of Republic of Macedonia Continent Europe Region Balkan Peninsula Coordinates … Wikipedia
Republic of Macedonia — For other uses, see Macedonia. Republic of Macedonia Република Македонија Republika Makedonija … Wikipedia