- Charles II, Archduke of Austria
Charles II Archduke of Inner Austria Reign 1564–1590 Predecessor Ferdinand I Successor Ferdinand II Spouse Maria Anna of Bavaria Issue Anne, Queen of Poland
Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania
Archduchess Catherine Renata
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
Archduchess Gregoria Maximiliana
Archduke Maximilian Ernest
Margaret, Queen of Spain
Leopold V, Archduke of Further Austria
Constance, Queen of Poland
Maria Magdalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Charles, Bishop of Wroclaw
House Habsburg Father Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor Mother Anna of Bohemia and Hungary Born 3 June 1540
Died 10 July 1590(aged 50)
Charles II Francis of Austria (German: Karl II Franz) (3 June 1540 – 10 July 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from 1564. He was a member of the House of Habsburg.
A native of Vienna, he was the third son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and his wife Anne of Foix-Candale. In 1559 and again from 1564–1568 there were negotiations for a marriage between Charles and Elizabeth I of England. They dragged on until Queen Elizabeth decided that she would not marry the Archduke; religion was the main obstacle to the match, apart from the Queen's character.
Unlike his brother Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles was a religious Catholic and promoted the Counter-Reformation, e.g. by inviting the Jesuits to his territory. However, in 1572, he had to make significant concessions to the Inner Austrian Estates in the Religious Pacifications of Graz, and 1578 and the Libellum of Bruck. In practice, this resulted in tolerance towards Protestantism.
As the Inner Austrian line had to bear the major burden of the wars against the Turks, the fortress of Karlstadt/Karlovac in Croatia was founded in 1579 and named after him. Charles is also remembered as a benefactor of the arts and sciences. In particular, the composer Orlando di Lasso was one of his proteges, as was the music theorist Lodovico Zacconi.
In 1580, Charles founded a stud for horses of Andalusian origin in Lipica, Slovenia, thereby playing a leading role in the creation of the Lipizzan breed. In 1585, Charles founded the University of Graz, which is named Karl-Franzens-Universität after him.
He died at Graz in 1590.
Charles' mausoleum in Seckau, in which other members of the Habsburg family are also buried, is one of the most important edifices of the early Baroque in the South-Eastern Alps. It was built from 1587 onwards by Alessandro de Verda and completed by Sebastiano Carlone by 1612.
Marriage and children
In Vienna on 26 August 1571 Charles married his niece Maria Anna of Bavaria. They had fifteen children:
- Ferdinand (b. Judenburg, 15 July 1572 – d. Judenburg, 3 August 1572).
- Anne (b. Graz, 16 August 1573 – d. Warsaw, 10 February 1598), married on 31 May 1592 to Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Sweden.
- Maria Christina (b. Graz, 10 November 1574 – d. Hall in Tirol, 6 April 1621), married on 6 August 1595 to Sigismund Bathory, Prince of Transylvania; they divorced in 1599.
- Catherine Renata (b. Graz, 4 January 1576 – d. Graz, 29 June 1599).
- Elisabeth (b. Graz, 13 March 1577 – d. Graz, 29 January 1586).
- Ferdinand (b. Graz, 9 July 1578 – d. Vienna, 15 February 1637), Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand II in 1619.
- Charles (b. Graz, 17 July 1579 – d. Graz, 17 May 1580).
- Gregoria Maximiliana (b. Graz, 22 March 1581 – d. Graz, 20 September 1597).
- Eleanor (b. Graz, 25 September 1582 – d. Hall in Tirol, 28 January 1620), a nun.
- Maximilian Ernest (b. Graz, 17 November 1583 – d. Graz, 18 February 1616), Teutonic Knight.
- Margaret (b. Graz, 25 December 1584 – d. El Escorial 3 October 1611), married on 18 April 1599 to Philip III, King of Spain.
- Leopold (b. Graz, 9 October 1586 – d. Schwaz, 13 September 1632), Archduke of Further Austria and Count of Tirol.
- Constance (b. Graz, 24 December 1588 – d. Warsaw, 10 July 1631), married on 11 December 1605 to Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Sweden (widower of her older sister).
- Maria Magdalena (b. Graz, 7 October 1589 – d. Padua, 1 November 1631), married on 19 October 1608 Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
- Charles (b. posthumously Graz, 7 August 1590 – d. Madrid, 28 December 1624), Bishop of Wroclaw and Brixen (1608–24), Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (1618–24).
Ancestors of Charles II, Archduke of Austria 16. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor 8. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor 17. Eleanor of Portugal 4. Philip I of Castile 18. Charles, Duke of Burgundy 9. Mary of Burgundy 19. Isabella of Bourbon 2. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor 20. John II of Aragon 10. Ferdinand II of Aragon 21. Juana Enríquez 5. Joanna of Castile 22. John II of Castile 11. Isabella I of Castile 23. Isabella of Portugal 1. Charles II, Archduke of Austria 24. Władysław II Jagiełło 12. Casimir IV Jagiellon 25. Sophia of Halshany 6. Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary 26. Albert II of Germany 13. Elisabeth of Austria 27. Elisabeth of Bohemia 3. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary 28. John de Foix, 1st Earl of Kendal 14. Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale 29. Margaret de la Pole, Countess of Candale) 7. Anna of Foix-Candale 30. Gaston IV, Count of Foix 15. Catherine of Foix 31. Eleanor of Navarre
Charles II, Archduke of AustriaBorn: 3 June 1540 Died: 10 July 1590
- Doran, Susan (1996). Monarchy and Matrimony: The Courtships of Elizabeth I. Routledge.
Regnal titles Preceded by
Archduke of Inner Austria
Austrian archdukes 1st generation 2nd generationArchduke Cristopher · Maximilian I · Archduke John · Archduke Wolfgang 3rd generationPhilip I of Castile · Archduke Francis 4th generation 5th generation 6th generationCharles, Prince of Asturias* · Archduke Ferdinand · Rudolf V · Archduke Ernest · Matthias · Maximilian III · Albert VII · Archduke Wenzel · Archduke Frederick · Archduke Charles · Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias* · Archduke Ferdinand · Archduke Carlos Lorenzo* · Diego, Prince of Asturias* · Philip III of Spain* · Ferdinand III · Archduke Charles · Archduke Maximilian Ernest · Leopold V · Archduke Charles 7th generation 8th generationBalthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias* · Ferdinand IV of Hungary · Archduke Francisco Fernando* · Archduke Philip August · Archduke Maximilian Thomas · Leopold VI · Archduke Charles Joseph · Archduke Ferdinand Joseph Alois · Philip Prospero, Prince of Asturias* · Archduke Ferdinand Thomas* · Charles II of Spain* 9th generation 10th generationArchduke Leopold Joseph · Archduke Leopold John 11th generation 12th generationEmperor Francis I** · Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany** · Charles, Duke of Teschen** · Alexander Leopold, Palatine of Hungary** · Joseph, Palatine of Hungary** · Archduke Anton Victor** · Archduke John** · Archduke Rainier Joseph** · Archduke Louis** · Cardinal-Archduke Rudolf** · Archduke Josef Franz*** · Francis IV, Duke of Modena*** · Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph*** · Archduke Maximilian*** · Karl, Primate of Hungary*** 13th generationEmperor Ferdinand I · Francis Leopold, Grand Prince of Tuscany** · Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany** · Archduke Joseph Franz · Archduke Franz Karl · Archduke Johann Nepomuk · Albert, Duke of Teschen · Stephen, Palatine of Hungary · Archduke Karl Ferdinand · Francis V, Duke of Modena*** · Archduke Frederick Ferdinand · Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor*** · Archduke Rudolf · Archduke Leopold Ludwig · Archduke Ernest Karl · Archduke Alexander · Archduke Sigismund Leopold · Archduke Rainer Ferdinand · Archduke Wilhelm Franz · Archduke Heinrich Anton · Archduke Maximilian Karl · Archduke Joseph Karl 14th generationEmperor Franz Joseph I · Maximilian I of Mexico · Archduke Charles Louis · Archduke Ludwig Viktor · Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany** · Archduke Karl Salvator** · Archduke Rainier** · Archduke Ludwig Salvator** · Archduke John Salvator** · Archduke Karl · Archduke Franz Joseph · Friedrich, Duke of Teschen · Archduke Charles Stephen · Archduke Eugen · Archduke Joseph August · Archduke Ladislaus 15th generationCrown Prince Rudolf · Archduke Franz Ferdinand*** · Archduke Otto Francis · Archduke Ferdinand Karl · Archduke Leopold Ferdinand** · Archduke Joseph Ferdinand** · Archduke Peter Ferdinand** · Archduke Heinrich Ferdinand** · Archduke Robert Ferdinand** · Archduke Leopold Salvator** · Archduke Franz Salvator** · Archduke Albrecht Salvator** · Archduke Rainier Salvator** · Archduke Ferdinand Salvator** · Albrecht Franz, Duke of Teschen · Archduke Karl Albrecht · Archduke Leo Karl · Archduke Wilhelm · Archduke Joseph Francis · Archduke Ladislaus Joseph · Archduke Matthias 16th generationEmperor Charles I · Archduke Maximilian Eugen · Archduke Gottfried** · Archduke Georg** · Archduke Rainier** · Archduke Leopold Maria** · Archduke Anton** · Archduke Franz Joseph** · Archduke Karl Pius** · Archduke Franz Karl** · Archduke Hubert Salvator** · Archduke Theodor Salvator** · Archduke Clemens Salvator** · Archduke Joseph Arpád · Archduke Itsván · Archduke Géza · Archduke Michael Koloman 17th generationCrown Prince Otto · Archduke Robert*** · Archduke Felix · Archduke Carl Ludwig · Archduke Rudolf · Archduke Ferdinand Karl · Archduke Heinrich Maria · Archduke Leopold Franz** · Archduke Guntram** · Archduke Radbot** · Archduke Johann** · Archduke Georg** · Archduke Stephan** · Archduke Dominic** · Archduke Friederich Salvator** · Archduke Andreas Salvator** · Archduke Markus** · Archduke Johann** · Archduke Michael** · Archduke Franz Salvator** · Archduke Karl Salvator** · Archduke Joseph Karl · Archduke Andreas Agustinus · Archduke Nicholas Franz · Archduke Johann Jacob · Archduke Edward Karl · Archduke Paul Rudolf 18th generationArchduke Karl · Archduke Georg · Archduke Lorenz*** · Archduke Gerhard*** · Archduke Martin*** · Archduke Karl Philipp · Archduke Raimund Joseph · Archduke Itsván · Archduke Rudolf · Archduke Carl Christian · Archduke Karl Peter · Archduke Simeon · Archduke Johannes · Archduke Maximilian Heinrich · Archduke Philipp Joachim · Archduke Ferdinand Karl · Archduke Konrad · Archduke Sigismund** · Archduke Georg** · Archduke Guntram** · Archduke Leopold** · Archduke Alexander Salvator** · Archduke Thaddäus Salvator** · Archduke Casimir Salvator** · Archduke Matthias** · Archduke Johannes** · Archduke Bernhard** · Archduke Benedikt · Archduke Joseph Albrecht · Archduke Paul Leo · Archduke Friedrich Cyprian · Archduke Benedikt Alexander · Archduke Nicolás · Archduke Santiago · Archduke Paul Benedikt 19th generationArchduke Ferdinand Zvonimir · Archduke Karl Konstantin · Archduke Amedeo*** · Archduke Joachim*** · Archduke Bartholomaeus*** · Archduke Emmanuel*** · Archduke Luigi*** · Archduke Felix Carl · Archduke Andreas Franz · Archduke Paul Johannes · Archduke Carl Christian · Archduke Johannes · Archduke Thomas · Archduke Franz Ludwig · Archduke Michael · Archduke Joseph · Archduke Imre · Archduke Imre · Archduke Christoph · Archduke Alexander · Archduke Lorenz Carl · Archduke Wilhelm · Archduke Johannes · Archduke Ludwig · Archduke Philipp · Archduke Nicholas · Archduke Constantin · Archduke Jacob Maximilian · Archduke Leopold Amedeo** · Archduke Maximilian** · Archduke Leopold** · Archduke Constantin Salvator** · Archduke Paul Salvator***also an infante of Spain
**also a prince of Tuscany
***also a prince of Modena
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Charles I, Emperor of Austria and King Charles IV of Hungary — (1887–1922) A nephew of the Emperor Franz Joseph, Charles received a broad but strictly Catholic education. Although on friendly terms with his uncle, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and even persuaded that the Habsburg Empire required serious… … Historical dictionary of Austria
Charles, Archduke of Austria — (1771–1847) Archduke Charles (Karl) of Austria, Duke of Teschen, was born in September 1771 in Florence, the capital of Tuscany. The third son of the Grand Duke of Tuscany and Emperor Leopold II made a career in the Austrian army. As… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria — Maximilian III Archduke of Further Austria Reign 1612 1618 Predecessor Charles II Successor Ferdinand III … Wikipedia
Leopold V, Archduke of Austria — Leopold V, Archduke of Further Austria (Graz, October 9, 1586 ndash; September 13, 1632 in Schwaz, Tirol) was the son of Archduke Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and the younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand II, father of Ferdinand Charles,… … Wikipedia
Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria — Infobox Austrian Royalty|archduke name =Ferdinand II title =Archduke of Further Austria caption = reign =1564 1595 coronation = predecessor =Ferdinand I successor =Matthias spouse =Philippine Welser Anne Juliana Gonzaga issue =Andrew, Margrave of … Wikipedia
Albert VII, Archduke of Austria — Infobox Austrian Royalty|archduke name=Albert VII title=Archduke of Austria; Co sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands; Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Upper Guelders, Limburg, Lothier, and Luxembourg; Count of Artois, Flanders, Hainault, and Namur,… … Wikipedia
Francis Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria — (1863–1914) Heir to the Austrian throne, whose assassination in Sarajevo in July 1914 triggered the diplomatic crisis leading to World War I. Archduke Francis (Franz) Ferdinand of Austria Este was born in December 1863 in Graz, the capital of… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este — Infobox Austrian Royalty|archduke name = Archduke Robert title = Archduke of Austria Este date of birth = birth date|1915|2|8 place of birth = Schonbrunn date of death = death date and age|1996|2|7|1915|2|8 place of death = Basel spouse =… … Wikipedia
Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este — (born December 16, 1955) is a member of the Belgian Royal Family and since 1996 head of the Modenese ducal family. He holds the titles Duke of Modena, Prince of Belgium, Archduke of Austria Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of… … Wikipedia
Sigismund, Archduke of Austria — For the 17th century Archduke, see Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria. An engraving by W. Killian, 1623. Sigismund of Austria, Duke, then Archduke of Further Austria (26 October 1427 – 4 March 1496) was a Habsburg archduke of Austria and… … Wikipedia