- Elisabeth of Bohemia (1409–1442)
:"For other people with the same name, see
Elisabeth of Bohemia"Infobox German Royalty|majesty|consort
name=Elisabeth of Luxembourg
title=Queen consort of the Romans, Bohemia, Hungary, Croatia and Dalmatia; Duchess consort of Austria
date of birth=
7 October 1409
place of birth=
date of death=
19 December 1442
place of death=
place of burial=
reign=1438 - 1439
House of Luxembourg
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
Barbara of Celje
Ladislaus the Posthumous
Anna, Duchess of Turingia
Elisabeth, Queen of Poland
Elisabeth of Bohemia (probably
Visegrád, Hungary, 7 October 1409[ According to Béla Baranyai (1926) her real birth date can be calculated in virtue of a letter of King Sigismund to Kéméndi Petew fia János (John, son of Peter Kemendi), Lord-lieutenantof Zala Countydated 26 April 1410("sabbato post festum s. Georgii") at Végles, Hungary(now Vígľaš, Slovakia) and sealed with Queen Barbara of Celje's seal, who also stayed there and in which the king informs him about his daughter's birth "alias circa festum beati Francisci confessoris". Because this feast falls on 4 October, it must have happened in the previous year, that is, 1409 and in October. He argues that the usage of "circa" can allow some variations towards September but if it had occurred in September, he would have referred to the feast of Saint Michaelwhich falls on 29 Septemberinstead of that of Francis of Assisi. The only remaining question, namely the exact day is educed from the engagement date of his daughter to ArchdukeAlbrecht which was held on 7 October 1411, Pozsony, Hungary(now Bratislava, Slovakia, Pressburgin German) and probably may have adjusted to a former important event because it belongs to no religious feasts. The birth place is also inferential and is traced back to the traditional place for the queen's labours that was in Visegrádand which is referred to in her Memoirs by Helene Kottannerinin the case of Queen Elisabeth advanced in pregnancy with Ladislas V in early 1440. In addition, Itinerary of King Sigismund shows that he stayed in Visegradbetween 9 - 19 October 1409. In the end one concludes that her birth in Prague, on 28 February 1409, similarly to the date of 27 Novemberthis year which in reality was her christening day, is based on false sources. ] – Győr( Raabin German), Hungary, 19 December 1442) was the only daughter of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, king of Hungaryand Bohemia, by his second wife Barbara of Celje. Her father was the last male descent of the House of Luxemburgon the Imperial Throne.
Family and claims to thrones
Elisabeth was not the daughter of
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor's first wife Mary of Hungary, and thus not descended from Angevin kingsof Hungary(but in many ways, she descended from the old Árpád kings of Hungary.)
Her paternal grandparents were
Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperorand Elisabeth of Pomerania. Her maternal grandfather was Count Herman II of Celje, whose parents were the Slovenian ruler Count Herman I of Celje and Catherine of Bosnia (who apparently descended also from Nemanjickings of Serbiaand from Catherine of Hungary, a daughter of Stephen V of Hungary). In right of the paternal grandparents, she was, through Emperor Charles, an heiress of Bohemia, and through Elisabeth of Pomerania, an heiress of Poland, of its Kujavian Piastbranch of kings. Thus, she was a leading claimant to several Slavic kingdoms and principalities.
She was also a descendant of Árpád kings of Hungary, through her great-grandmother
Elisabeth I of Bohemia, who herself was granddaughter of Kunguta Rostislavna of Halicia, whose mother Anna was a daughter of King Bela IV of Hungary. Admittedly, this was not a very close Hungarian connection, but all the other "extant" descendants of Árpáds were approximately as distant at that time.Additionally, she descended from Ottokar I of Bohemia's second wife Constance of Hungary, daughter of Bela III of Hungary.
On September 28, 1421,
Pozsony, Hungary(now Bratislava, Slovakia, Pressburgin German) Elisabeth married Albert V, the Duke of Austria, thus becoming the Duchess of Austria. After her father died, Albert was elected king of Hungary, King of Bohemiaand king of Germany. She was thus Queen of Hungary, and Queen of Bohemia and Queen of Germany.
She died three years after her husband, leaving her children minors. Her mother
Barbara of Celjesurvived her.
Her only son Ladislas V the Posthumous of Austria, king of Bohemia and Hungary (born 1440) died a teenager without issue, leaving the remaining kingdoms of the family to be succeeded by elected rulers.
Her daughters Anna, Duchess of Thuringia (1432-1462) and Elisabeth, Queen of Poland (1437-1505) continued the family which afterwards regained some of these kingdoms.
* [http://genealogics.org/pedigree.php?personID=I00005066&tree=LEO&parentset=0&display=standard&generations=5 Ancestry in Genealogics]
*Baranyai, Béla: Zsigmond király un. Sárkány-rendje (The so-called
Order of the Dragonof Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor), Századok (Periodical Centuries), 59-60, 561-591, 681-719, 1925/1926 = Zsigmond király úgynevezett Sárkányrendje (The so-called Order of the Dragonof Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor), offprint, Budapest, 1926
*The Memoirs of Helene Kottanner (
Helene Kottannerinin German), 1439-1440: Translated from the German With Introduction by Williamson, Maya B., Brewer, Cambridge (England), New York, 1998
*Engel, Pál - Norbert C. Tóth: Itineraria Regum et Reginarum Hungariae (1382-1438), Budapest, Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 2005
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