Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary

Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary

Archduke Joseph Anton Johann of Austria, Palatine of Hungary (9 March 1776, Florence – 13 January 1847, Buda; in Hungarian "József nádor"), was the Palatine of Hungary from 1796 to 1847. He was the seventh son of Emperor Leopold II of Austria and Maria Louisa of Spain.

He was very popular among the Magyars and became the founder of the Hungarian branch of the Habsburg family.

Marriages and family

Joseph married Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (1783-1801), on 30 October 1799 at Saint Petersburg. He was 23 years old; she was 16. She died giving birth to a stillborn daughter.

*Archduchess Alexandrine of Austria (stillborn 8 March 1801, Buda).

Joseph married secondly Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (1797-1817), on 30 August 1815 at Schaumburg. He was 39 years old; she was 17. She died in childbirth two years later. Both of Joseph's children with Hermine died unmarried and without issue.

* Archduchess Hermine Amalie Marie of Austria (14 September 1817, Buda - 13 February 1842, Vienna).
* Archduke Stephen of Austria, Palatine of Hungary (14 September 1817, Buda - 19 February 1867, Menton).

Joseph married thirdly Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg on 24 August 1819 at Kirchheim unter Teck. He was 43 years old; she was 21. They were the parents of five children:

* Archduchess Franziska Marie Elisabeth of Austria (31 July 1820, Buda - 23 August 1820 Buda).

* Archduke Alexander of Austria (6 June 1825, Buda - 12 November 1837, Buda)

* Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, (17 January 1831, Ofen Hungary - 14 February 1903), Vienna Austria ; married 1) Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este (1821-1849), and 2) Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria (1818-1874).

* Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria (2 March 1833, Preßburg, now Bratislava in Slovakia - 13 June 1905, Fiume, now Rijeka in Croatia).

* Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria (August 23, 1836 - September 20, 1902), married King Leopold II of Belgium, had issue.


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1= 1. Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary
2= 2. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
3= 3. Maria Louisa of Spain
4= 4. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
5= 5. Maria Theresa of Austria
Queen of Hungary & Bohemia

6= 6. Charles III of Spain
7= 7. Maria Amalia of Saxony
8= 8. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
9= 9. Princess Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
10= 10. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
11= 11. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
12= 12. Philip V of Spain
13= 13. Elisabeth of Parma
14= 14. Augustus III of Poland
Elector of Saxony
15= 15. Maria Josepha of Austria
16= 16. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
17= 17. Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria
Queen Dowager of Poland-Lithuania
18= 18. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
19= 19. Countess Palatine Elizabeth Charlotte of Simmern
20= 20. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
21= 21. Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
22= 22. Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
23= 23. Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
24= 24. Louis, Dauphin of France
25= 25. Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria
26= 26. Edward II Farnese, Duke of Parma
27= 27. Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
28= 28. Augustus II of Poland
Elector of Saxony
29= 29. Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
30= 30. Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
31= 31. Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Calenberg

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