- John II of Aragon
John II the Great (
June 29, 1397– January 20, 1479) was the King of Aragon(1458–1479) and " jure uxoris" King of Navarre (1425–1479). He was the son of Ferdinand I and his wife Eleanor of Alburquerque. John is regarded as one of the most memorable and most unscrupulous kings of the 15th century.
In his youth he was one of the "infantes" (princes) of Aragon who took part in the dissensions of Castile during the minority and reign of John II. Till middle life he was also lieutenant-general in Aragon for his brother and predecessor Alfonso V, whose reign was mainly spent in
Italy. In his old age he was engaged in incessant conflicts with his Aragonese and Catalan subjects, with Louis XI of France, and in preparing the way for the marriage of his son Ferdinand with Isabella I of Castilewhich brought about the union of the crowns of Aragon and Castile, that was to create the Kingdom of Spain. His trouble with his subjects were closely connected with the tragic dissension in his own family.
John was first married to the
Blanche I of Navarreof the house of Évreux. By right of Blanche he became king of Navarre, and on her death in 1441 he was left in possession of the kingdom for his lifetime. But a son, Charles, given the title "Prince of Viana" as heir of Navarre, had been born of the marriage. John quickly came to regard his son with jealousy. After his second marriage, to Juana Enríquez, this grew into absolute hatred and was encouraged by Juana. John tried to deprive his son of his constitutional right to act as lieutenant-general of Aragon during his father's absence. Charles's cause was taken up by the Aragonese, and the king's attempt to make his second wife lieutenant-general was set aside.
There followed the long Navarrese Civil War, with alternations of success and defeat, ending only with the death of the prince of Viana, perhaps by poison given him by his stepmother, in 1461. The Catalans, who had adopted the cause of Charles and who had grievances of their own, called in a succession of foreign pretenders in a
War against John II. John spent his last years contending with these. He was forced to pawn Roussillon, his possession on the north-east of the Pyrenees, to King Louis XI of France, who refused to part with it.
In his old age John was blinded by
cataracts, but recovered his eyesight by the operation of couching conducted by his physician Abiathar Crescas, a Jew. The Catalan revolt was pacified in 1472, but John carried on a war, in which he was generally unfortunate, with his neighbour the French king till his death in 1479. He was succeeded by Ferdinand, his son by his second marriage, who was already associated with his wife Isabella as joint sovereign of Castile.
From his first marriage to Blanche of Navarre:
Blanca of Navarre (1420-1464)married Henry IV of Castile. The marriage was never consummated. After 13 years of marriage, Henry sought and obtained a divorce. Blanca was sent home, where her family imprisoned her, and she was later killed by poison.
Carlos of Viana(1421-1461)
*Eleanor, Queen of Navarre
From his second marriage to
Fernando II of Aragon
*Joanna of Aragon (1454-1517). Married
Ferdinand I of Naples.
*Rivadeneyra. "Cronicas de los reyes de Castilla," "Biblioteca de autores espanoles", vols. Ixvi, Ixviii. Madrid, 1845.
*Zurita, G. "Anales de Aragon". Saragossa, 1610.
*Prescott W. H. "History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella". 1854.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John I of Aragon — John I (December 27, 1350 ndash; May 19, 1396), called by posterity the Hunter ( Juan el Cazador in Castilian, Chuan lo Cazataire in Aragonese and Joan el Caçador in Catalan) or the Lover of Elegance ( el Amador de la Gentileza in Castilian and l … Wikipedia
John I — may refer to:People* John Chrysostom (349–c. 407), Patriarch of Constantinople. * John of Antioch (died 441). * Pope John I, Pope from 523 to 526. * John I of Naples (died c. 719). * John I of Gaeta (died c. 933). * John I Tzimiskes (c. 925–976) … Wikipedia
John II — may refer to:People* John Papa Īī * John of Cappadocia (died 520), Patriarch of Constantinople. * Pope John II, Pope from 533 until his death in 535. * John II Platinus (died 702), Exarch of Ravenna. * John II of Naples (died 919). * John II of… … Wikipedia
John III of Portugal — Infobox Portuguese Royalty|monarch name =John III title =King of Portugal and the Algarves of either side of the sea in Africa caption =Portrait of John III by Antonis Mor reign =December 13, 1521 mdash;June 11, 1557 investiture =December 19,… … Wikipedia
Aragon — /ann rddann gawonn / for 1; /ar euh gon / for 2, n. 1. Louis /lwee/, 1897 1982, French novelist, poet, and journalist. 2. Spanish, Aragón /ah rddah gawn /, a region in NE Spain: formerly a kingdom; later a province. 18,181 sq. mi. (47,089 sq. km) … Universalium
John II of Portugal — John II King Dom João II (John II) King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 11 November 1477–15 November 1477 (4 days) Predecessor … Wikipedia
John IV of Portugal — John IV King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 1 December 1640 6 November 1656 Predecessor Philip III Successor Afonso VI … Wikipedia
John Boswell — John Eastburn Boswell (1947 1994) fue un historiador y escritor estadounidense. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Obras 3 Fe y sexualidad 4 Notas … Wikipedia Español
John V of Portugal — John V King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign December 9, 1706 July 31, 1750 Acclamation January 1, 1707 in … Wikipedia
John VI of Portugal — John VI King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 20 March 1816 – 10 March 1826 Predecessor Maria I Successor … Wikipedia