- Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen
Infobox_Prince| name = Archduke Friedrich of Austria, Duke of Teschen
Princess Isabella of Croÿ
royal house =
House of Habsburg
Karl Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria
Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
date of birth =birth date|1856|06|04|mf=y
place of birth =Gross-Seelowitz,
date of death =death date and age|1936|12|30|1856|06|04|mf=y
place of death =Ungarisch-Altenburg,
place of burial=|
Friedrich Maria Albrecht Wilhelm Karl, Archduke and Prince Imperial of
Austria, Prince Royal of Hungaryand Bohemia, Duke of Teschen(In German: "Erzherzog Friedrich Maria Albrecht Wilhelm Karl von Österreich-Toskana, Herzog von Teschen") - ( 4 June 1856, – 30 December 1936) was a member of the House of Habsburgand the Supreme Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Armyduring World War I.
Friedrich was born at the castle Gross-Seelowitz (now
Židlochovice, near Brnoin Moravia) the son of Karl Ferdinand, Archduke of Austriaand his wife Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria.
Amongst his siblings were Queen Maria Theresia of Bavaria, Queen Maria Cristina of Spain,
Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria, and Archduke Eugen of Austria.When Friedrich's uncle Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschendied in 1895, he and his brothers each inherited large estates. Friedrich owned properties at Ungarisch-Altenburg (now Mosonmagyaróvárin Hungary), Belleje, Saybusch (now Żywiecin Poland), Seelowitz (now Židlochovice) and Frýdek in the Czech Republic, and Pressburg (now Bratislavain Slovakia). His Viennaresidence, the Palais-Albrecht, housed the Albertinaart collection which he owned.
8 October 1878Friedrich married at Château L'Hermitage in Belgium Princess Isabella of Croÿ(1856 - 1931), daughter of Rudolf, Duke of Croÿ, and his wife Princess Natalie of Ligne. They had nine children together.
* Maria Christina, Archduchess of Austria-Teschen (1879-1962)
* Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria-Teschen (1882-1940)
* Maria Henrietta, Archduchess of Austria-Teschen(1883-1956)
* Natalie Maria, Archduchess of Austria-Teschen (1884-1898)
* Stephanie Maria Isabelle, Archduchess of Austria-Teschen (1886-1890)
* Gabriele Maria Theresia, Archduchess of Austria-Teschen (1887-1954)
* Isabella, Archduchess of Austria-Teschen (1887-1973)
* Maria Alice, Archduchess of Austria-Teschen (1893-1962)
* Albrecht Franz, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Teschen (1897-1955)
In the mid-1890s the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne,
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austriabegan visiting Friedrich's home. At first it was assumed that he was there to court one of Friedrich's daughters. Eventually it was discovered that in fact he was courting Countess Sophie Chotek, a lady-in-waiting to Friedrich's wife Archduchess Isabella. Archduchess Isabella became infuriated that Franz Ferdinand had not singled out one of her eight daughters as his bride and future empress; as a result she engaged in a crusade to thwart the marriage of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie. Sophie was dismissed from service, thus beginning an ongoing conflict between Friedrich and Franz Ferdinand who married Sophie in 1900. The marriage was morganatic, Sophie was subjected to indignities of low rank at court, and none of their children could succeed their father—all chiefly as a result of Isabella's machinations.A decade later, the unwaveringly spiteful Archduchess Isabella created a similar fuss when her nephew, Karl, 13th Prince von Croy, of the House of Croy, sought to marry Nancy Leishman, the charming young daughter of United States Ambassador to Germany John George Alexander Leishman, the former president of Carnegie Steel. As with Sopie Chotek, the Archduchess felt Nancy was not sufficiently aristocratic. Karl and Nancy were wed, nonetheless; today their grandson is the present Duke of Croy.
July 11, 1914Friedrich was appointed Supreme Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Armyby Emperor Franz Joseph I; it was thought that he would not interfere with the operational and tactical talents of Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf. He was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschallon December 8, 1914. Friedrich remained Supreme Commander until February 1917 when Emperor Charles I decided to take the office himself.
Retirement and death
After World War I the governments of Austria and Czechoslovakia confiscated all of Friedrich's properties within their borders. These included his palace in Vienna and his art collection. He retained his properties in Hungary however. In 1929 he won a court case requiring compensation from the Czechoslovak government. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,737417,00.html "Papa Friedrich Preferred"] , "Time Magazine" (February 18, 1929)]
Friedrich died at Ungarisch-Altenburg (now
Mosonmagyaróvár) in 1936.His death was the biggest royal event for Hungarysince the coronation of King Karl in 1916. The funeral was attended by his nephew, the exiled King of Spain; by numerous archdukes; by all the surviving Austro-Hungarian Feldmarshals; by personal representatives of Hitler; by members of the House of Savoy; by the diplomatic corps; by a son of exiled German Kaiser Wilhelm ; by representatives of the governments of Germany, Italy and Austria, and by Hungary's Regent, Miklós Horthyand his wife. There were members of the Hungarian government and delegates of the German and Austrian in attendance as well. Entire battalions of the Hungarian army was present to pay their last respects to their former Supreme Commander.
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1= 1. Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen
Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria
Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen
Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg
Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary
Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
9= 9. Maria Louisa of Spain
Frederick William, Duke of Nassau
11= 11. Isabelle of Sayn-Hachenburg
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor(= 8)
13= 13. Maria Louisa of Spain (= 9)
Duke Louis of Württemberg
15= 15. Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Theresa of Austria
Charles III of Spain
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
22= 22. Wilhelm Georg, Count of Sayn-Hachenburg
23= 23. Princess Isabella Auguste Reuss of Greiz
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor(= 16)
Maria Theresa of Austria(= 17)
Charles III of Spain(= 18)
Maria Amalia of Saxony(= 19)
Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
29= 29. Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg(= 20)
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau(= 21)
* Heiszler, Vilmos. "Photo Habsburg: Frederick Habsburg and his Family". Budapest: Corvina, 1989.
* Jewison, Glenn, and Jörg C. Steiner. [http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/biog/erzfried.htm "Erzherzog Friedrich"] (Austro-Hungarian Land Forces 1848-1918).
* Palmer, Alan. "Twilight of the Habsburgs: The Life and Times of Emperor Francis Joseph".
Atlantic Monthly Press; 1st Pbk. Ed edition.
* Stefanovics, Glenn W. [http://www.geocities.com/veldes1/austria.html "Friedrich Maria Albrecht Wilhelm Karl von Österreich-Toskana, Herzog von Teschen"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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