Tyrol (state)


Tyrol (state)
Tyrol
Tirol
—  State of Austria  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Country  Austria
Capital Innsbruck
Government
 – Governor Günther Platter (ÖVP)
Area
 – Total 12,640.17 km2 (4,880.4 sq mi)
Population
 – Total 710,100
 – Density 56.2/km2 (145.5/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code AT-7
NUTS Region AT3
Votes in Bundesrat 5 (of 62)
Website www.tirol.gv.at
The districts of Tyrol.

Tyrol (German: Tirol) is a state or Bundesland, located in the west of Austria. It comprises the Austrian part of the historical region of Tyrol.

The state is split into two parts–called North Tyrol and East Tyrol–by a 20-kilometre (12 mi) -wide strip of land where the state of Salzburg borders directly on the Italian province of South Tyrol.

North Tyrol borders Bavaria (Germany) in the north, the state of Vorarlberg in the west, Italy and Switzerland in the south and Salzburg in the east. East Tyrol also borders Carinthia in the east.

The highest mountain in the state is the Großglockner in the Hohe Tauern, with an elevation of 3,797 m (12,457.35 ft.), which is also the highest mountain of Austria.

Contents

Towns

The capital is Innsbruck. The city is known for its university, especially in medicine. Tyrol is popular for its famous ski resorts, which include Kitzbühel, Ischgl and St. Anton, but has no cities besides Innsbruck. To wit, the 14 largest towns in Tyrol are

Town Inhabitants
January 2011
1. Innsbruck 120.147
2. Kufstein 17.388
3. Telfs 14.626
4. Schwaz 12.995
5. Hall in Tirol 12.695
6. Wörgl 12.645
7. Lienz 11.955
8. Imst 9.494
9. Rum 8.850
10. St. Johann in Tirol 8.766
11. Kitzbühel 8.207
12. Landeck 7.713
13. Zirl 7.641
14. Wattens 7.625


Administrative divisions

The state is divided into 9 districts (Bezirke), and one statutory city, Innsbruck. The districts and their administrative centres, from west to east and north to south, are:

Statutory city:

North Tyrol:

East Tyrol:

  • Lienz District, (Lienz)

History

Historically, the region was part of the County of Tyrol, which formed part of the Holy Roman Empire, later the Austrian Empire and finally was a Kronland (royal territory) of Austria-Hungary. The County of Tyrol extended beyond the boundaries of today's state. Historically Tyrol (before World War I) included in addition to today's Tyrol (North Tyrol and East Tyrol) the Italian provinces of South Tyrol and Trentino and 3 municipalities, which today are part of the province of Belluno. After World War I, these became part of Italy according to the provisions of the Treaty of Saint Germain.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 47°16′6.92″N 11°23′35.72″E / 47.2685889°N 11.3932556°E / 47.2685889; 11.3932556


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