East Nusa Tenggara


East Nusa Tenggara
East Nusa Tenggara
Nusa Tenggara Timur
—  Province  —

Seal
Location of East Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia
Coordinates: 10°11′S 123°35′E / 10.183°S 123.583°E / -10.183; 123.583Coordinates: 10°11′S 123°35′E / 10.183°S 123.583°E / -10.183; 123.583
Country Indonesia
Capital Kupang
Government
 – Governor Frans Lebu Raya
Area
 – Total 47,876 km2 (18,485 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 – Total 4,679,316
 – Density 97.7/km2 (253.1/sq mi)
Demographics
 – Ethnic groups Atoni, or Dawan (22%), Manggarai (15%), Sumba (12%), Belu (9%), Lamaholot (8%), Rote (5%), Lio (4%)[2]
 – Religion Roman Catholicism (54.56%), Protestantism (34.32%), Islam (8.05%), Other (3.07%)[3]
 – Languages Indonesian
Time zone CIT (UTC+8)
Website nttprov.go.id

East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur) is a province of Indonesia, located in the eastern portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, including West Timor. The provincial capital is Kupang, located on West Timor. The highest point is Mount Mutis of Timor Tengah Selatan, which is 2427 meters above sea level.[4]

The province consists of about 566 islands, but is dominated by the three main islands of Flores, Sumba, and West Timor, the western half of the island of Timor. The eastern part of Timor is the independent country of East Timor. Other islands include Adonara, Alor, Komodo, Lembata, Menipo, Raijua, Rincah, Rote Island (the southernmost island in Indonesia), Savu, Semau, and Solor.

Contents

Administration

After the declaration of Indonesia independence in 1945, the eastern part of Indonesia declared themselves as the State of East Indonesia by the statute of Staatsblad No. 143, 1946. The state was further included in the United States of Indonesia as one of the agreement of the Dutch to transfer its sovereignty to Indonesia in 1949.

In 1950, United States of Indonesia dissolved itself into a unitary state and began to divide its region into provinces. In 1958, by the Indonesian statute of law (Undang-Undang) No. 64/1958, three provinces were established in the Lesser Sunda Islands, namely Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara provinces.[5] According to the law, East Nusa Tenggara province includes the western part of Timor island, Flores, Sumba and other several small islands in the region. The province was further divided into twelve regencies.[6]

Following the fall of Suharto regime in 1998, several regional governments expanded its administrative divisions under the new regional autonomy policy. East Nusa Tenggara province observed several expansions in its administration. In 1999, the new Lembata Regency was formed after splitting East Flores Regency.[7] In 2002, Rote Island was split from Kupang Regency, forming the new Rote Ndao Regency.[8] The following year, Manggarai Regency was split into two and a new West Manggarai Regency established.[9] In 2007, the administration of East Nusa Tenggara province was expanded more by the establishment of new four regencies. Therefore, as of 2007, there were nineteen regencies and only one autonomous city (Kupang) in the province; a further regency - Savu Raijua (comprising the Savu Islands group) - was later established.

Closer look to the islands of East Nusa Tenggara
Name Capital Est. Statute Area (km²) Population
2008 estimate[10]
Population
2010 Census
West Sumba Regency (Sumba Barat) Waikabubak 1958 UU 69/1958 737.42 106,524 111,023
East Sumba Regency (Sumba Timur) Waingapu 1958 UU 69/1958 7,000.50 228,351 227,835
Central Sumba Regency (Sumba Tengah) Waibakul 2007 UU 3/2007 1,869.18 60,173 62,510
Southwest Sumba Regency (Sumba Barat Daya) Tambolaka 2007 UU 16/2007 1,445.32 261,211 283,818
Manggarai Regency Ruteng 1958 UU 69/1958 1,545.97 512,065 292,037
Sikka Regency Maumere 1958 UU 69/1958 1,731.92 278,628 300,301
Ngada Regency Bajawa 1958 UU 69/1958 1,620.92 133,406 142,254
Ende Regency Ende 1958 UU 69/1958 2,046.62 238,127 260,428
East Flores Regency Larantuka 1958 UU 69/1958 1,812.85 234,076 232,312
Kupang Regency Kupang 1958 UU 69/1958 5,898.18 383,896 303,998
South Central Timor Regency Soe 1958 UU 69/1958 3,947.00 417,942 440,470
North Central Timor Regency Kefamenanu 1958 UU 69/1958 2,669.66 213,153 229,603
Belu Regency Atambua 1958 UU 69/1958 2,445.57 441,451 352,400
Alor Regency Kalabahi 1958 UU 69/1958 2,864.60 180,487 190,253
Lembata Regency Lewoleba 1999 UU 52/1999 1,226.38 106,312 117,638
Rote Ndao Regency Baa 2002 UU 9/2002 1,280.00 114,236 119,711
West Manggarai Regency Labuan Bajo 2003 UU 8/2003 2,947.50 206,367 221,430
Nagekeo Regency Mbay 2007 UU 2/2007 1,416.96 124,992 129,956
East Manggarai Regency Borong 2007 UU 36/2007 2,502.24 included with Manggarai 252,754
Sabu Raijua Regency West Sabu 2010 73,000
Kupang City 160.34 292,922 335,585

Demographics

The population of the province was estimated to be 4,534,319 in 2008.[10] The religious mix is atypical of Indonesia, with 91% Christian (majority Catholic, large Protestant population), 8% Muslim, 0.6% Hindu or Buddhist, and 0.4% holding traditional beliefs. East Nusa Tenggara has become a refuge for Indonesian Christians fleeing from conflict in Maluku and Irian Jaya[citation needed].

The secondary school enrolment rate of 39% is dramatically below the Indonesian average (80.49% in 2003/04, according to UNESCO). Lack of clean drinking water, sanitation, and health facilities mean that child malnutrition (32%) and child mortality (71 per 1000) are higher than in most of the rest of Indonesia.

Economy

By several economic indicators, the province's economy is weaker than the Indonesian average, with high inflation (15%), unemployment (30%) and interest rates (22-24%).

Tourism

The provincial government aims to promote the tourist sector in the province. The basic infrastructure to support the tourist sector (such as transport facilities, accommodation, and adequate and reliable information) needs to be strengthened but several main features of the tourist sector in the province with potential include:

  • Komodo Island with the well-known Komodo dragon
  • Kelimutu volcano on Flores which contains three striking crater lakes of varying colours.

References

  1. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010, retrieved 17 January 2011 (Indonesian)
  2. ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2003 
  3. ^ 2008 estimate
  4. ^ "The Meto People on Mutis Mountain". Travel Destination Indonesia. http://www.balizones.com/travel_destination/nusa_tengara/meto_people.php. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Government of Indonesia (11 August 1958), Establishment of the First-level Administrative Regions of Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 64/1958, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=1900+58&f=uu64-1958.htm, retrieved 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  6. ^ Government of Indonesia (9 August 1958), Establishment of the Second-level Administrative Regions under the First-level Administrative Region of Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 69/1958, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=1900+58&f=uu69-1958.htm, retrieved 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  7. ^ Government of Indonesia (4 October 1999), Establishment of Lembata Regency in the East Nusa Tenggara province (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 52/1999, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=1900+99&f=uu52-1999.htm, retrieved 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  8. ^ Government of Indonesia (10 April 2002), Establishment of Rote-Ndao Regency in the East Nusa Tenggara province (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 9/2002, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=2000+2&f=uu9-2002.pdf, retrieved 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  9. ^ Government of Indonesia (25 February 2003), Establishment of West Manggarai Regency in the East Nusa Tenggara province (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 8/2003, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=2000+3&f=uu8-2003.pdf, retrieved 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  10. ^ a b http://ntt.bps.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=46&Itemid=8

External links


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