- West Kalimantan
Infobox Provinces of Indonesia
name = Province of West Kalimantan
motto = "Akçaya"
population_as_of = 2004
area_in_km2 = 146807
Dayak(35%) Sambas(12%), Chinese (9%), Javanese (9%), Kendayan(8%), Malay (8%) [cite book
publisher=Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
title =Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape
accessdate = ]
Islam(57.6%), Catholic(24.1%), Protestant(10%), Buddhism(6.4%), Hindu(0.2%),others (1.7%)
language = Indonesian (official), Malay, Dayak,
Chinese dialectsof Hakkaand Teochew
Drs. Cornelis M.H
site= [http://www.kalbar.go.id www.kalbar.go.id]
West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat often abbreviated to Kalbar) is a province of
Indonesia. It is one of four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city Pontianak is located right on the Equatorline.
The province has an area of 146,807 km² with the population of about 3.74 million people (2000
census). Major ethnic groups include the Dayak, Malay, Chinese, which make up about 90% of the total population. The rest are Javanese, Bugis, Madurese, and other ethnicities.
The borders of West Kalimantan roughly trace the mountain ranges surrounding the watershed of the
Kapuas River, which drains most of the province. West Kalimantan is subdivided into two urban cities ("kota") and ten rural regencies ("kabupaten"). The cities are Pontianak and Singkawang; the regencies are Sambas, Bengkayang, Pontianak, Ketapang, Landak, Sanggau, Sekadau, Sintang, Melawiand Kapuas Hulu. About 29 percent of the population lives in the Pontianak area.
There was a serious outbreak of communal violence in the province between indigenous Dayak and Madurese settlers in late 1996 and early 1997, resulting in about 500 deaths. [http://hrwpubs.stores.yahoo.net/weskal12.html] [http://www.insideindonesia.org/edit51/hrw2.htm]
The history of West Kalimantan can be dated back to 17th century. Dayaks was the main inhabitants of the province before 17th century. The Malay migrated to West Kalimantan and built their own sultanates. The facts that there are many Chinese population in this province was there used to be a republic built by Chinese miners called
Lanfang Republicafter defeated the local Malay sultans. The government of Lanfang Republic was ended in West Kalimantan after the Dutch occupation in 1884.
West Kalimantan was under Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945, when Indonesia declared its Independence.
West Kalimantan was the site of substantial fighting during the
Indonesia-Malaysia confrontationunder the Sukarnogovernment in the mid-1960s. After Suhartodeposed Sukarnoin 1965, the confrontation was quickly resolved. Domestic conflict continued, however, for another ten years between the new military Suharto government and fighters organized during the confrontation and backed by the banned Indonesian Communist Party (PKI).(see Indonesian killings of 1965–66)
*Davidson, Jamie S. and Douglas Kammen (2002). Indonesia's unknown war and the lineages of violence in West Kalimantan. "Indonesia" 73:53.
*Yuan, Bing Ling (1999). Chinese Democracies - A Study of the Kongsis of West Borneo (1776 – 1884).
* [http://www.panda.org/heart-of-borneo/ WWF Heart of Borneo conservation initiative] - Information about the Heart of Borneo - 220,000 km² of upland montane tropical rainforest, where endangered species such as the orang-utan, rhinoceros and pygmy elephant cling for survival.
* [http://www.xiguan.net/yuanbingling/ A Study of the Kongsis of West Borneo.]
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Look at other dictionaries:
West Kalimantan — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name West Kalimantan Country and Admin Code ID.11 ID … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
West Kalimantan — noun A province of Indonesia … Wiktionary
West Nusa Tenggara — Nusa Tenggara Barat Province … Wikipedia
Kalimantan-Occidental — Kalimantan occidental en Indonésie (en vert clair) Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Kalimantan-Ouest — Kalimantan occidental Kalimantan occidental Kalimantan occidental en Indonésie (en vert clair) Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Kalimantan Occidental — Kalimantan occidental en Indonésie (en vert clair) Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Kalimantan Ouest — Kalimantan occidental Kalimantan occidental Kalimantan occidental en Indonésie (en vert clair) Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Kalimantan Barat — Basisdaten Fläche: 146.760 km² Einwohner … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kalimantan occidental — 0° 00′ N 110° 30′ E / 0, 110.5 … Wikipédia en Français
Kalimantan — right|thumb|Map of Kalimantan (white color) and its subdivisions.Note: Where West Kalimantan is mentioned it should be East Kalimantan and vice versaIn most languages in the world, the term Kalimantan refers to the Indonesian portion of the… … Wikipedia