- North Sumatra
— Province —
Motto: Marsipature hutana be (Batak) Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Indonesia Capital Medan Government – Governor Gatot Pudjo Nugroho (acting) Area – Total 72,981.23 km2 (28,178.2 sq mi) Population (2010) – Total 13,712,660 – Density 187.9/km2 (486.6/sq mi) Demographics – Ethnic groups Batak (41,95%), Javanese (32.62%) Nias/Kono Niha (6.36%), Malay (4,92%), Minangkabau (2,66%), Banjarese (0.97%), other (9,72%)  – Religion Islam (65.5%), Christianity (31.4%), Buddhism (2.8%), Hindu (0,2%) – Languages Malay, Batak, Angkola-Mandailing, Indonesian Time zone WIB (UTC+7) Website sumutprov.go.id
North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia on the Sumatra island. Its capital is Medan. It is the most populous Indonesian province outside of Java. It is slightly larger than Sri Lanka in area.
Geography and population
The province of North Sumatra stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean and the Strait Malacca. It borders Aceh province on the northwest and Riau and West Sumatra provinces in the southeast. It has an area of 70,787 km². The province contains a broad, low plain along the Strait of Malacca on which the provincial capital, Medan, is located. In the south and west, the land rises to the mountain range that runs the length of Sumatra; the mountains here are dominated by Lake Toba, formed from the caldera of an ancient volcano. Several large islands in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Sumatra are part of North Sumatra, most notably Nias, and the Batu Islands.
North Sumatra recorded a population of 11.48 million in the 2000 national census. An Intercensal estimate for 2007 shows a population of 12,834,371, 2010 census recorded 12,985,075 people, a sex ratio of 99.59 men per 100 women.
Agriculture and economy
Sumatra Mandheling and Sumatra Lintong coffee beans are grown in North Sumatra and largely exported to the United States. Mandheling is named after the similarly spelt Mandailing people located in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The name is the result of a misunderstanding by the first foreign purchaser of the variety, and no coffee is actually produced in the "Mandailing region". Lintong on the other hand, is named after the Lintong district, also located in North Sumatra.
Sei Mangkei Industrial Area
Sei Mangkei Industrial Area is known also as Sei Mangkei - Integrated Sustainable Palm Oil Cluster (SM-ISPOIC) located at Simalungun Regency and formally initial at June 12, 2010. Four company have joined in this area with investment cost totally up to Rp1.5 trillion ($176 million). At April 2011, 3 other companies also join to Sei Mangkei area. They are Procter & Gamble Co for making CPO derivatives of cosmetic raw materials, Ferrostaal AG and Fratelli Gianazza SpA.
Below is a list of regencies (Indonesian: kabupaten) and cities in North Sumatra.
West coast region: Regencies — capital (seat) Cities Mountain region: Regencies — capital (seat) Cities
- Pematang Siantar
East coast region: Regencies — capital (seat) Cities
All parties in the North Sumatra legislative council have agreed to the formation of the Tapanuli province (Humbang Hasundutan, Samosir, Toba Samosir and North Tapanuli regencies), Southeast Sumatra province (Padang Sidempuan, South Tapanuli, Mandailing Natal, Padang Lawas and North Padang Lawas) and Nias Island province. It has been approved at a regional plenary session on May 2, 2011, but still need approval from Central government which had not enacted the grand design for additional provinces.
- ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003.
- ^ BPS: Luas Wilayah, Jumlah Penduduk, dan Kepadatan Penduduk menurut Kabupaten/Kota Tahun 2007
- ^ http://hariansib.com/?p=136255
- ^ http://waspada.co.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=181542:n-sumatra-to-have-new-seaport&catid=30:english-news&Itemid=101
- ^ Four Firms to Invest Rp1.5 Trln in Sei Mangkei Industrial Area, Sumatera
- ^ http://www.jurnas.com/news/25408/Jalan_Sei_Mangkei_Dilebarkan/1/Ekonomi/Ekonomi
- ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/04/28/n-sumatra-have-two-new-provinces.html
- ^ http://waspada.co.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=193401:sibolga-rejects-included-in-new-province-of-tapanuli&catid=30:english-news&Itemid=101
- North Sumatra Government
- Map of north Sumatra
- North Sumatra Tourism Board
- 6 Recommended Destinations in North Sumatera
Aceh Aceh Malacca Strait Indian Ocean Malacca Strait North Sumatra Indian Ocean West Sumatra Riau Regencies and Cities of North Sumatra, IndonesiaCapital: Medan Regencies
Asahan • Batubara • Dairi • Deli Serdang • Humbang Hasundutan • Karo • Labuhan Batu • South Labuhan Batu • North Labuhan Batu • Langkat • Mandailing Natal • Nias • West Nias • South Nias • North Nias • Padang Lawas • North Padang Lawas • Pakpak Bharat • Samosir • Serdang Bedagai • Simalungun • South Tapanuli • Central Tapanuli • North Tapanuli • Toba Samosir
Cities Provinces of Indonesia Sumatra Java Kalimantan Lesser Sunda Sulawesi Maluku Western New GuineaPapua · West Papua
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Look at other dictionaries:
North Sumatra — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name North Sumatra Country and Admin Code ID.26 ID … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
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