Central Square, Maghull
Maghull shown within Merseyside
Population 22,225 (2001) OS grid reference Parish Maghull Metropolitan borough Sefton Metropolitan county Merseyside Region North West Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town LIVERPOOL Postcode district L31 Dialling code 0151 Police Merseyside Fire Merseyside Ambulance North West EU Parliament North West England UK Parliament Sefton Central List of places: UK • England • Merseyside
Maghull is a town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, in Merseyside, England. The town is located eight miles north of the City of Liverpool and south of Ormskirk in West Lancashire. The area of Moss Side also contains HM Prison Kennet and Ashworth Hospital. Maghull had a population of 22,225 at the 2001 census. Housing in the town is almost entirely a 20th century settlement of semi-detached and detached housing although remains of the original town do exist. Historically in Lancashire, the town has had an elected council since the Local Government Act 1894 when the government set up a network of local governance across England. Following the Local Government Act 1974, the council changed its name from a parish to a town council.
The original settlement, consisting of fifty people and six square miles of agricultural settlement, was established prior to the Domesday Survey of 1086 where the town is recorded as Magele on a ridge of high ground, that can be most clearly seen at Red Lion Bridge towards the centre of the town and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal follows it on the plain and the A5147 on the brow. This ridge marks the edge of the flood plain of the River Alt, providing protection from flooding and access to this fertile pasture of the plain. The name Maghull may have been derived from the Celtic word 'magos', the Old Irish 'Magh' and the Old English 'halh', meaning 'flat land in a bend of the river'. Another theorised origin is Anglo-Saxon mægðehalh = "nook of land where mayweed grows". A church is known to have existed in the area in 1100 although it has been rebuilt at least once and the chapel still stands, in the churchyard of the Victorian St Andrew's and is the oldest ecclesiastical building in Merseyside still in regular use for worship but in 1756 the mediaeval nave of Maghull Chapel was pulled down with a Roman Catholic dual-purpose school-chapel opening in 1890 near Massey's Barn.
It is noted that in 1568 Maghull Moss was divided between Sir Richard Molyneux of Melling and Edward Hulme of Maghull. The boundary of Maghull was, in the north, Maghull Brook and to the south, Melling Brook; the west was marked by the River Alt. At the eastern edge, however, the boundary was ill-defined on the moorland and due to the value of turf from the moss as a vital fuel this caused regular disputes between both Maghull and Melling Manors. Maghull Manor House was built in 1638 and local tradition has it that Charles II slept there during a visit to the area but by 1780 a new manor house had been built near the site of the original and it still stands in the grounds of Maghull Homes with part of the original moat. It is also recorded that by 1667 the population of Maghull had increased to 599 with 136 houses and 127 families and by 1770 initial work had begun on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal with the first sod being cut by the Honourable Charles Lewis Morduant. The actual spot lies in a rock cutting 400 metres to the east of Halsall Hill Bridge. Soon after, the Red Lion public house was built in Maghull to serve the canal trade. It became a café and general store in the 20th century and was demolished after the Second World War. Several other canalside pubs were built over the years; for example, near Hall Lane Bridge there was the Traveller's Rest (demolished 1936) and the Horse & Jockey in Melling and in 1774 the canal had reached Maghull and provided it with its second connection to Liverpool. The arrival of the canal created new industry in the area, notably quarrying of sandstone and clay extraction. It also bolstered the local hostelry trade.
Maghull's first school was founded in 1668 in a small cottage in School Lane with the headmaster being Humphries Webster, showing the town's emergence although County Rates from 1716 said of the town "Maghull doth always bear and pay a third less than either Down Holland or Lidyeat". This shows that Maghull was a developing community, but still not as rich as its neighbours (Downholland and Lydiate. Economic development continued with the Molyneux family (Earls of Sefton) being significantly active in bringing about the Alt Drainage Act in 1779 which resulted in many acres of marsh land along the river eventually becoming good agricultural land. This had led to the growth of the population to 534, with about half the employment being in trade rather than agriculture and a rise in 1815 to a population of 720 people with 71 families engaged in agriculture and 29 in trade, manufactures and handicrafts. There were 108 inhabited houses.
By the 1820s, horse racing was well established on land in Maghull. Old Racecourse Farm later became the site for the Meadows Hotel; and Old Racecourse Road, off Sefton Lane, commemorates the sport. Baines' Directory of Lancashire in 1825 provided the first list of specialist male occupations in Maghull - 1 blacksmith, 1 cooper, 1 tailor, 1 land surveyor and 1 wheelwright. By 1840 the agriculture of the area had changed from animal to arable farming and the 1861 National Census the population stood at 1,222. Due to this increase in population the railway came to Maghull in 1849, with a station on the Liverpool, Ormskirk and Preston Railway as well as the construction of the town's first police station which was set up by Lancashire County Council in 1870 and the town got a second station in 1884, Sefton and Maghull, on the newly built Cheshire Lines Committee Southport & Cheshire Lines Extension Railway to Southport, the line was an extension of the North Liverpool Extension Line. A large section of embankment has been destroyed to make space for Switch Island. In 1933 the large Northway (A59 road) was built with fairly obviously autobahn inspired two lane dual-carriageway, which bisects Maghull, taking travellers from Liverpool to Ormskirk off 'Liverpool Road'. The arrival of Northway triggered an increased rate of expansion in Maghull.
In 1939 the IRA blew up the swing bridge at Green Lane on the canal but the strategic significance of this has never been fully explained due to Maghull's relative insignificance. During the Second World War Maghull did not completely escape bombing - two bombs landed, one adjacent to King George V Playing Fields (on the site of the former residential home), and one in Ormonde Drive. A house that was then 16 Park Lane (now 321, the houses were re-numbered in the late 1960s or early 1970s), Moss Side was also destroyed, it was rebuilt in the 1950s. It served as a refuge for up to 6,000 people a night from the pounding Bootle received. American and Polish army units were stationed in Maghull and it also held several camps for displaced persons. Park Lane TB sanatorium and a hospital, built to treat shell shock victims, were combined to form Ashworth Hospital and one hundred patients transferred from Rampton Secure Hospital with it remaining a secure hospital to this day, holding the likes of Ian Brady and others. In 2010 plans were announced by the Labour government that new housing was needed and Sefton East - where Maghull is located - was chosen as one of the locations for the new homes. Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council showcase the plans at various locations around south Sefton, which is greeted by local opposition to the plans.
Maghull is located 10 miles north-north-east of Liverpool city centre. To the north west of Maghull is Lydiate, to the east Melling; Aintree and Netherton to the south and west of Maghull is the Mersey Forest and Sefton village. Maghull is separated from the rest of the Greater Liverpool sprawl from a green belt which runs across the Switch Island motorway junction. The small brook, known as 'Whinney Brook' runs through Maghull passing the Maghull Baptist Church and under the A59 and across to the Meadows close to the town hall. This is due to the area around the Meadows pub, formerly being part of the flood plain of the River Alt, the brook moves closer to the river but due to the urbanisation of the area, it no longer reaches it.[clarification needed]
In 1912 the Maghull & District Conservative Club was founded on Station Road which still stands today and the Maghull Labour Party being formed in 1928. Maghull has governed been by the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton since the Local Government Act 1974, when the boundaries were redrawn Maghull moved from Lancashire into Merseyside. Maghull has had an elected council since the Local Government Act 1894 when the government set up a network of local councils across England. Following the Local Government Act 1974, the council changed its name from a parish to a town council and remains the second largest town council in England. Maghull has working with the neighbouring parishes and villages, as well as Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council under the banner of the 'Altside Business Village', to give businesses in the areas a united voice and to promote tourism in the area. For this scheme Maghull works with Aintree, Lydiate, Melling and Sefton Village; all of which are connected geographically as being near the River Alt - hence the name Altside, and politically as they are all in the eastern parishes of Sefton borough. By 1971 the population of the town stood at 22,794 and gave Maghull the largest population of any civil parish in the country.
Education in the town had also developed with William Harper founding the Maghull School in Damfield Lane, the location of Maricourt Catholic High School, in 1815 under the terms of his will. In 1839 the National School, later St Andrew's Church of England School, was built with the earlier school in a small cottage, which still stands, became the headmaster's house. Money for the school, which cost £450 7s 0d (£450.35p), was raised by local subscription and the school mistress was paid £5 a year, and each scholar had to pay one penny (1d) a month towards the cost of a fire, and tuppence (2d) a month for pens and ink, if they were being taught to write but by 1873 a second storey was added to the school to accommodate the growing population. In 1957 the Sisters of Mercy created the Maricourt Catholic High School with all students initially taught in Quarry Brook House with an initial intake of only twelve girls. In 1982 Old Hall High School, formerly Maghull Grammar School, was merged with Ormonde Drive High School to form Maghull High School, concentrating on Ormonde Drive site. Today Maghull contains several primary schools including State, Roman Catholic and Church of England schools. There are also three high schools which all contain independent Sixth Form facilities and working together as part of the Maghull Collaborative. These secondary schools being Deyes High School, Maghull High School and Maricourt Catholic High School. As well as serving Maghull, the secondary schools serve pupils from the neighbouring towns in south Sefton, and the neighbouring local authorities of the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley and Liverpool.
Maghull is bisected by the A59 road and is served by Maghull railway station, Merseyrail has also proposed opening a second station Maghull North, along with bus routes to the nearby areas of Kirkby, Southport, Ormskirk and Liverpool city centre with most running past or near Maghull Square. The M57 and M58 motorways start at Switch Island, between Aintree and Maghull. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal runs through the centre of old Maghull. The Trans Pennine Trail, a long distance footpath from Southport to Hornsea, near Hull skirts Maghull, following the line of the old 'Cheshire Lines' railway.
Shopping and community
In 1929 the Maghull Townswomen's Guild was formed for the community. Maghull is served by the Central Square Shopping Centre, which is based in the north west of Maghull, which is the original town centre of Maghull. Known locally as 'the square', it contains several shops, a police station, numerous banks and nearby is a Morrisons supermarket. In Kennessee Green there is a shopping area called Tree View Court. There are also the Meadows shops near to Maghull Town Hall and Deyes Lane shops that are situated near the end of Deyes Lane, about five or ten minutes walking distance from Deyes High School. Residents of Maghull travel to nearby Liverpool, Ormskirk and Southport, as well as retail parks located in neighbouring Aintree for their shopping needs, as Maghull does not contain a wide variety of shops. In 2009 Maghull Town Hall given large extension costing £8.2million, which includes library and sports facilities.
The main local newspapers are the Liverpool Echo (evening) and the Liverpool Daily Post (morning). Both are tabloids published by the Trinity Mirror group. There are also two local newspapers, which are the Aintree & Maghull Champion and the Maghull Star, both Maghull newspapers are free of charge and are delivered every week either on a Wednesday or a Thursday. The local BBC radio station is Radio Merseyside. Maghull is also served by the Liverpool radio stations, and multiple pan-North West radio stations. The ITV franchise holder for the town is Granada Television, and the BBC regional news programme is North West Tonight.
Maghull has reasonable facilities for sport with bowls and tennis next to the town hall and Maghull football and cricket clubs playing at Old Hall Field. Maghull Cricket Club was founded in 1926 and after playing friendly cricket for the 50 years of their existence started playing league cricket in the 1970s. After moving through various junior leagues, they joined the Liverpool and District Competition in 1999. The 1st XI gained promotion to the ECB Premier League in 2001 before being relegated in 2004. In 2005, they won the First Division title for the 2nd time and rejoined the Premier league in 2006. Despite brave resistance, they were relegated in 2008. The 1st XI captain from the beginning of the 2011 season is batsman John Ring. The 2nd XI plays in the 2nd XI First Division and is captained by Liam Gibbons. Gibbons led the side to promotion, and the 1st Division championship, to the 2nd XI Premier Division in 2010. The club has a 3rd and 4th XI, with Andy Symes in charge of the 3rds and Kevin Costigan responsible for the 4th team. In 2007 the 3rd XI won the 3rd XI First Division championship, and plays in the 3rd XI Premier Division. In 2005, the club entered a team in the Sunday 3rd XI First Division Competition, called the 5th XI. Due to regional boundaries in this league, the team have moved between the East and West divisions. The 5th team has been captained by the irrepressible Neil Dutton since its debut in 2005. Maghull F.C. joined the Lancashire Combination in 1972. In the 1978-79 season they joined Cheshire County League as founder members of Division Two, while they were founder members of North West Counties League in 1982-83. In 1992-93 they were North West Counties League Division Two Champions but were not promoted due to ground gradings. They left to join the West Cheshire League in 1999-00.
- The Beatles, performed live on several occasions at the Albany Cinema. The site is now supermarket owned by Lidl.
- John Lennon lived at Cedar Grove, Maghull for a short period of time with relatives as a result of family issues*
- Frank Hornby, of Hornby Railways, Dinky Toy and Meccano fame lived in Maghull, first at The Hollies, Station Road, and later at the much larger "Quarry Brook". This house is on Station Road, close to Maghull railway station and is now the Sixth Form for Maricourt Catholic High School. It was the first building outside London to be awarded a Blue plaque. He is buried in St. Andrew's churchyard along with his wife and daughter.
- William Vestey of Blue Star Line, who also lived at Quarry Brook prior to the Hornby family.
Several Liverpool and Everton footballers have lived in the area, notably Ian Callaghan, Duncan Ferguson, Brian Labone, Gordon West, Mick Lyons, Joe Parkinson, Roger Hunt, Tommy Wright, Roger Kenyon, John Hurst and Ian St John.
- Mark Hateley - footballer and England international lived in Maghull on Shop Lane, spent two spells at Lambshear Lane Primary School (now Lydiate Primary School).
- Alex Curran-Gerrard - wife of Liverpool and England Footballer Steven Gerrard, lived most of her life in Maghull and attended Maghull High School.
- Heidi Range - member of the Sugababes, attended Maricourt High School.
- Echo & the Bunnymen - guitarist Will Sergeant who grew up in nearby Melling attended Maghull's Deyes High School, as did Les Pattinson bassist in Echo & the Bunnymen and Paul Simpson keyboard player in Teardrop Explodes and singer in the Wild Swans, and the original drummer in the Farm, Andy McVan.
- All the original members of the band Apollo 440, either lived or went to school in Maghull - Noko and James Gardner - lived in Maghull and attended Old Hall High School (later Maghull High) and brothers Howard Gray and Trevor Gray from Aintree both attended Old Hall High School.
- James Graham - St Helens and GB rugby league player, attended Deyes High School.
- David Price - Rugby Union player at Orrell R.U.F.C. attended Maricourt High School
- Michael Hankinson - Stone Music Productions Conductor Laureate and Composer-in-Residence to the Johannesburg Philharmonic Orchestra grew up in Maghull attending Maghull Grammar School from 1962 to 1964.
- David Turner - professional harmonica player and now veteran member of Ska super group Bad Manners lived in Maghull from 1975–84 and attended Woodend Primary School and Ormonde High School.
- Stephen Darby - Liverpool F.C. youth player, brought up in Maghull.
- Michael Waywell - professional rugby player now of Fylde R.U.F.C., lives in Maghull.
Other connections include:
- Charlotte Jackson - family of British journalist and television presenter, currently a presenter on Sky Sports News originate from Maghull.
- Amanda Harrington - model, who was originally from Aintree attended Deyes High School, Maghull and now lives in Maghull.
- Bill Dean - actor who appeared as Harry Cross in the soap Brookside.
- Eddie Hemmings Sky TV Rugby League commentator.
- Isaac Roberts - astronomer.
- Rafael Sabatini - novelist, lived in Station Road, Maghull.
- George Holden - theologian, who also published the Liverpool Tide Table.
- John Warburton - actor who appeared in Tarzan and the Huntress, was born in Maghull on 18 June 1899.
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