Litherland


Litherland

infobox UK place
country= England
latitude= 53.47
longitude= -3.00
official_name= Litherland
population=
metropolitan_borough= Sefton
region= North West England
metropolitan_county= Merseyside
constituency_westminster= Bootle
post_town= LIVERPOOL
postcode_district= L21
postcode_area= L
dial_code= 0151
os_grid_reference= SJ340944
static_

static_image_caption= Linacre Road in Litherland. Facing from Bootle towards the junction with Bridge Road, location of the Red Lion pub.
Litherland is an area of Sefton, Merseyside, England. It is north of Bootle and was formerly an urban district, which included also Seaforth and Ford.

History

The name Litherland is a hybrid name, from Old Norse "hliŏ"/"hlith-ar" which means "slope" and Old English "land" "land".

Litherland was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Liderlant", however there was no mention of Liverpool at that time. The first manor of Litherland consisted of one half and two quarters, the areas being Litherland including what is now Seaforth (the half) and present day Orrell and Ford (the two quarters).

Litherland remained a poor area until the arrival of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in 1774, this brought the area into the modern world, originally providing a safe route through Lancashire from Liverpool to Wigan, and eventually in 1816 through to Leeds. The route became very busy primarily for goods and later for the transportation of passengers. The outcome of all this activity was to bring prosperous businessmen from the City to the countryside, where they had a desire to live.

The area was the northern extremity of the Bootle and North Docks lines of Liverpool's tramway network. From the boundary with Bootle, it ran for 3/4 of a mile along Linacre Road to a terminus at the junction with Bridge Road. This short stretch was the last horse drawn service in Liverpool, switching to electric operation in August 1903, eight months after the rest of the system converted. [citeweb|url=http://www.liverpool2007.org.uk/transport/tramway.htm|title=The Litherland Tramway part 1: Introduction|accessdate=9 March|accessyear=2008]

The Litherland gala was staged every year and was famous for the procession of shire horses and floats from the docks. The gala procession ended at the Bryant and May sports field.

The Beatles played some of their earliest gigs at Litherland Town Hall in 1961. [citeweb|url=http://home.att.net/~chuckayoub/1961_year.htm|title=The Beatles Timeline 1961|work=Chuck Ayoub|accessdate=9 March|accessyear=2008] (Now closed as a council building, it is currently a health centre operated by [http://www.southseftonpct.nhs.uk/LIFT.htm South Sefton PCT] ).

Transport

Litherland is served by Seaforth & Litherland railway station on the Hunts Cross to Southport line of the Merseyrail network. The main road is the A5036 road, which connects to Switch Island and the A565 road at Seaforth Dock.

References

External links

* [http://liverpoolstreetgallery.com/thumbnails.php?album=26 Liverpool Street Gallery - Liverpool 21]
* [http://www.litherlandtown.co.uk/ The Litherland Picture Post]
* [http://www.litherland-digital.co.uk/ Litherland & Ford Digital Album]


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