infobox UK place
region= North West England
static_image_caption= Linacre Road in Litherland. Facing from
Bootletowards the junction with Bridge Road, location of the Red Lion pub. Litherland is an area of Sefton, Merseyside, England. It is north of Bootleand was formerly an urban district, which included also Seaforth and Ford.
The name Litherland is a hybrid name, from
Old Norse"hliŏ"/"hlith-ar" which means "slope" and Old English"land" " land".
Litherland was mentioned in the
Domesday Bookof 1086 as "Liderlant", however there was no mention of Liverpool at that time. The first manor of Litherland consisted of one half and two quarters, the areas being Litherland including what is now Seaforth (the half) and present day Orrell and Ford (the two quarters).
Litherland remained a poor area until the arrival of the
Leeds and Liverpool Canalin 1774, this brought the area into the modern world, originally providing a safe route through Lancashirefrom Liverpool to Wigan, and eventually in 1816 through to Leeds. The route became very busy primarily for goods and later for the transportation of passengers. The outcome of all this activity was to bring prosperous businessmen from the City to the countryside, where they had a desire to live.
The area was the northern extremity of the Bootle and North Docks lines of Liverpool's
tramwaynetwork. From the boundary with Bootle, it ran for 3/4 of a mile along Linacre Road to a terminus at the junction with Bridge Road. This short stretch was the last horse drawn service in Liverpool, switching to electric operation in August 1903, eight months after the rest of the system converted. [citeweb|url=http://www.liverpool2007.org.uk/transport/tramway.htm|title=The Litherland Tramway part 1: Introduction|accessdate=9 March|accessyear=2008]
The Litherland gala was staged every year and was famous for the procession of shire horses and floats from the docks. The gala procession ended at the
Bryant and Maysports field. The Beatlesplayed some of their earliest gigs at Litherland Town Hallin 1961. [citeweb|url=http://home.att.net/~chuckayoub/1961_year.htm|title=The Beatles Timeline 1961|work=Chuck Ayoub|accessdate=9 March|accessyear=2008] (Now closed as a council building, it is currently a health centre operated by [http://www.southseftonpct.nhs.uk/LIFT.htm South Sefton PCT] ).
Litherland is served by
Seaforth & Litherland railway stationon the Hunts Crossto Southportline of the Merseyrailnetwork. The main road is the A5036 road, which connects to Switch Islandand the A565 roadat Seaforth Dock.
* [http://liverpoolstreetgallery.com/thumbnails.php?album=26 Liverpool Street Gallery - Liverpool 21]
* [http://www.litherlandtown.co.uk/ The Litherland Picture Post]
* [http://www.litherland-digital.co.uk/ Litherland & Ford Digital Album]
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