infobox UK place
population= 5,710 (2001 Census)citeweb|url=http://www.wirral.gov.uk/factsandfigures/census2001/oneward2recset.asp?ref=TS18|title=Wirral 2001 Census: Hoylake|work=Metropolitan Borough of Wirral|accessdate=23 December|accessyear=2007]
Metropolitan Borough of Wirral
region= North West England
dial_code= 0151 632
static_image_caption=Hoylake beach, looking towards
Hoylake is a seaside town on the
Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, England. It is located at the north western corner of the peninsula, near to the town of West Kirbyand where the River Dee estuarymeets the Irish Sea. As of the 2001 Census, the population of Hoylake was 5,710 ] of a total population of 13,042, as part of the Hoylake & Meolslocal government ward. [citeweb|url=http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=3&b=5941383&c=hoylake&d=14&e=16&g=361689&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1|title=2001 Census: Hoylake & Meols Ward|work=Office for National Statistics|accessdate=20 February|accessyear=2007]
In 1690, William III set sail from Hoylake with a 10,000-strong army to
Ireland, where his army was to take part in the Battle of the Boyne. The location of departure remains known as Kings Gap. [citeweb|url=http://www.lmu.livjm.ac.uk/LHOL/content.aspx?itemid=217 |title=Walker Art Gallery (Frieze of King William III setting sail to Ireland from Hoylake)|work=International Centre for Digital Content|accessdate=22 February|accessyear=2007]
The present day township grew up in the
nineteenth centuryaround the small fishingvillage of Hoose.citeweb|url=http://www.merseysideviews.com/Wirral%20Views/Hoylake/index.htm|title=Hoylake|work=Merseyside Views|accessdate=1 May|accessyear=2007 ] The name Hoylake was derived from Hoyle Lake, a channel of water between Hilbre Islandand Dove Point. Young, D., & Young, M. "Pictures From The Past: Hoylake, Meols & West Kirby' ] Protected by a wide sandbankknown as Hoyle Bank and with a water depth of about 20 feet, it provided a safe anchorage for ships too large to sail up the Dee to Chester.citeweb|url=http://www.hoylakegolfopen.co.uk/id13.html|title=Hoylake History|work=HoylakeAndWestKirby.com|accessdate=23 December|accessyear=2007]
To facilitate safe access into the Hoylake anchorage, two lighthouses were constructed in the 1760s. The lower light was a wooden structure that could be moved according to differing tides and shifting sands to remain aligned to the upper light, which was a permanent brick building. Both of these structures were rebuilt a century later.citeweb|url=http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/m0bnn/Page6.htm |title=Hoylake Lighthouse|accessdate=23 December|accessyear=2007] The upper lighthouse, consisting of an octagonal brick tower, last shone on
14 May 1886and is now part of a private residence in Valentia Road. ] The lower lighthouse, closer to the shore in Alderley Road, was deactivated in 1908 [citeweb|url=http://www.lighthousedepot.com/database/uniquelighthouse.cfm?value=6261|title=Hoylake Low Light|work=lighthousedepot.com|accessdate=23 December|accessyear=2007] and demolished in 1922.
The Royal Hotel was built by Sir John Stanley in 1792, with the intention of developing the area as a holiday resort. The numerous
steam packetvessels sailingbetween Liverpool and North Waleswhich called at the hotel provided valuable patronage. By the mid-nineteenth century a racecoursewas laid out in the grounds of the hotel. The hotel building was demolished in the 1950s.citeweb|url=http://www.hoylake-rfc.com/historypage1.htm|work=Hoylake RFC|title=Hoylake RFC History|accessdate=8 May|accessyear=2007 ]
Hoylake's lido, located on the
promenade, was opened in June 1913 and rebuilt in the late 1920s. In 1976, the Hoylake Pool and Community Trust took over the running of the facility from Wirral Borough Council.The baths finally closed in 1981. [citeweb|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/liverpool/content/articles/2006/10/19/hoylake_archive_swimming_feature.shtml |title=Hoylake's lido life discovered|work=BBC Liverpool|accessdate=23 December|accessyear=2007]
Hoylake and West Kirby War Memorialis a notable local landmark, as it was designed in 1922 by the British sculptor Charles Sargeant Jaggerwho was responsible for a number of war memorials around the world, including the Royal Artillery Memorialat Hyde Park Corner in London.
The township of Hoose was part of the West Kirby Parish,
Wirral Hundred. It became part of Hoylake cum West Kirby civil parishin 1894. The population was 60 in 1801, 589 in 1851 and 2,701 in 1901. citeweb|url=http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/chs/hoose.html|work=GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy|title=Cheshire Towns & Parishes: Hoose (Hoylake)|accessdate=1 May|accessyear=2007]
Hoylake had its own
urban districtcouncil and mayor, until 1 April 1974when it was absorbed into the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Wirralwhen local government reorganisation took place across the UK. At that point, Hoylake ceased to be in Cheshire, and became part of the nascent county of Merseyside. This did not please some Wirral residents who have since campaigned unsuccessfully for a return to Cheshire, although some have been mollified by the more recent change in postcode district from L47 to CH47.
Hoylake is a largely residential area and there is an active nightlife in the town centre, which is located at the original village of Hoose. ]
The town supports a permanent lifeboat station, manned by the
RNLI. Initially founded in 1803 by the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board, it is one of the oldest in the country. [citeweb|url=http://www.hoylakelifeboat.org.uk/history.htm|title=History|work=Hoylake Lifeboat website|accessdate=23 December|accessyear=2007] There are also sailing and sand yachting clubs.
Due to the silting up of the Dee estuary, the traditional industry of fishing is no longer economically viable and has largely died out.Fact|date=May 2007
Hoylake includes the independent
Kingsmead School, which educates pupils from nursery up into upper school.
Hoylake is the home of the Royal Liverpool Golf Club, built in 1869 on the site of the Royal Hotel racecourse. It is the second oldest golf links in England, predated only by the
Royal North Devon Golf Club, in Westward Ho!, Devon.citeweb|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/golf/5181708.stm|title=A-Hoylake!|work=BBC Sport|accessdate=15 April|accessyear=2008] It has hosted many major tournaments such as The Open Championshipand the Walker Cup. The club is often referred to as "Hoylake". It hosted the Open again in July 2006, after a gap of almost 40 years, with Tiger Woodsearning the Claret Jugfor the second year in a row.
Hoylake-born amateur golfer John Ball Jnr. won the Open in 1890, becoming the first Englishman to do so. Another local amateur,
Harold Hiltonbecame Open champion two years later. He won again in 1897 at his home club of Royal Liverpool.
Hoylake RFC rugby club was founded in 1922. Its predecessor, connected with the Royal Liverpool Golf Club, had been founded in the 1890s. British Open golf champion Harold Hilton was also captain of the rugby team for the 1890/91 season.
Hoylake is one of the premier sites for Sand Yachting in Britainciteweb|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/golf/5181708.stm|title=A-Hoylake!|work=BBC Sport|accessdate=15 April|accessyear=2008] , with banks around a quarter of a mile offshore. The town's beach was the venue for the European Sand Yacht Championships, which officially opened on
16 September 2007. [citeweb|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/merseyside/6997449.stm|title=Sand yacht championships to start|work=BBC News|date=16 September 2007|accessdate=23 December|accessyear=2007] .
Olympic Gamescyclist Chris Boardman(1968- ) was born in Hoylake. Helen Forrester(1919- ), author of "Twopence to Cross the Mersey" was also born in the town. [citeweb|url=http://www.fantasticfiction.co.uk/f/helen-forrester/ |title=Helen Forrester|work=Fantastic Fiction|accessdate=29 August|accessyear=2007]
Former actress and current (as of 2007) Labour MP
Glenda Jackson(1936- ), James Bondactor Daniel Craig(1968- ) and pianist Stephen Hough(1961- ) grew up in Hoylake. James Skelly, Ian Skelly, Bill Ryder-Jones, Nick Power, Lee Southall, Paul Duffy, and John Duffy, from the band The Coral, were also raised there.
John Lennon's first wife Cynthia moved from Liverpool to Hoylake after their divorce in 1968. Cynthia had also grown up in Hoylake as a child. Their son
Julian Lennon(1963- ) spent much of his early life in Hoylake. [citeweb|url=http://www.lennon.net/lennons/julian_lennon.shtml|title=Julian Lennon Biography|work=lennon.net|accessdate=1 May|accessyear=2007]
In 1939, comedian
Eric Morecambewon a local amateur talent contest, held at Hoylake's Kingsway Cinema. His prize was an audition before impresario Jack Hyltonand subsequently where he first met his future comedy partner Ernie Wise. [citebook|title=Morecambe & Wise - Behind The Sunshine |last=Morecambe|last2=Sterling|first=Gary|first2=Martin|pages=p19|publisher=Robson Books|year=2001|isbn=1-86105-462-9] Mike Rutherford(1950- ) of Genesiswas a boarder at The Leas School, formerly on Meols Drive. Curtis Warren(1963- ), well-known Merseyside figure and formerly featured in the Sunday Times Rich List, owns a house on Meols Drive.
Congregational Church, Hoylake
* [http://www.royal-liverpool-golf.com/ Royal Liverpool Golf Club]
* [http://www.hoylakelifeboat.org.uk/ Hoylake Lifeboat]
* [http://www.hoylakesc.org.uk/ Hoylake Sailing Club]
* [http://www.wsyc.org.uk/ Wirral Sand Yacht Club]
* [http://www.kingsmeadschool.com/ Kingsmead School]
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