- Cheshire Lines Committee
The Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) was the second largest joint railway in Great Britain, with 143 route miles. Despite its name, approximately 55% of its system was in Lancashire. In its publicity material it was often styled as the Cheshire Lines Railway. It served Liverpool, Manchester, Stockport, Warrington, Widnes, Northwich, Winsford, Knutsford, Birkenhead, Chester and Southport.
The Cheshire Lines group was formed by a joint committee of the Great Northern Railway and the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR) in 1862 to regulate traffic on four proposed lines in Cheshire (listed below). This was made official by the Great Northern (Cheshire Lines) Act of 1863. The Midland Railway (MR) became an equal partner under the Cheshire Lines Transfer Act of 1865. Under the Cheshire Lines Act of 1867, it became a wholly independent organisation, although its management consisted of three directors of the three companies. Its purpose was to gain control of lines in Lancashire and Cheshire, an area which was dominated by the LNWR. In its early years, the driving force behind the expansion of the railway was Sir Edward Watkin.
It was granted the powers to build a line to Liverpool, opened 1873, from a temporary station in Manchester, 34 miles (54.7 km) long. The section nearest Liverpool from near Cressington was along the Garston and Liverpool Railway, which had been absorbed on 5 July 1865. From 1874 the CLC was headquartered at Liverpool Central station.
By the late 1870s, Manchester had become the city from which the CLC's services radiated and it became necessary to bring the various Manchester operations into a single terminus – the Midland and the MS&LR were using London Road (now Piccadilly) which the latter shared with the LNWR. Accordingly Manchester Central was built in 1880. The MR moved its trains to the new station on its completion.
Grouping and nationalisation
In 1923 the Midland Railway, along with the LNWR, was grouped into the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, while the MS&LR (by then the Great Central Railway) became part of the London and North Eastern Railway. The line continued to be joint, with a 1/3 share LMS and a 2/3 share by the LNER. On nationalisation in 1948 both parent companies became part of British Railways, and shortly afterwards operation of the CLC lines came under the control of the London Midland Region.
The CLC today
The CLC routes between Liverpool and Manchester and between Manchester and Chester via Northwich, survive. Several CLC stations remain in their original form, such as Widnes, Warrington Central and Urmston. Liverpool Central station has been demolished: local services on the former CLC line in Liverpool, operated by Merseyrail, run through an underground station at the same site, and mainline services run to and from Liverpool Lime Street. Manchester Central Station is now the Manchester Central Conference Centre.
- Stockport and Woodley Junction Railway 
- Cheshire Midland Railway
- Stockport, Timperley and Altrincham Junction Railway 
- West Cheshire Railway 
- Skelton Junction to Cressington Junction line, as part of Liverpool- Manchester line.
- North Liverpool Extension Line
- Southport & Cheshire Lines Extension Railway
- Casserley, H.C. (April 1968). "Cheshire Lines Committee". Britain's Joint Lines. Shepperton: Ian Allan. pp. 68–80. ISBN 0 7110 0024 7.
- Holt, G.O., A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Volume X: The North West, David & Charles, 1978. ISBN 0-946537-34-8
- Radford, B., Midland Though The Peak Unicorn Books, 1988.
- Dyckhoff, Nigel. Portrait of the Cheshire Lines Committee, Ian Allan, Shepperton, 1999. ISBN 0-7110-2521-5
- Midland Railway System Maps (The Distance Diagrams). Volume 2 Leeds to Leicester and branches; Derby to Manchester and branches; Cheshire Lines (1909–1923 ed.). Teignmouth: Peter Kay. ISBN 1 899890 17 3.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cheshire Lines Committee — Le Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) était une compagnie de chemin de fer en Grande Bretagne. Créée en 1862, elle a desservi les villes suivantes : Liverpool, Manchester, Stockport, Warrington, Knutsford, Birkenhead, Chester et Southport. Notes … Wikipédia en Français
Southport and Cheshire Lines Extension Railway — The Southport Cheshire Lines Extension Railway is a now disused railway line in Merseyside, England. It was built by the Cheshire Lines Committee, extending the North Liverpool Extension Line to Southport in 1884. Passenger services ended 7… … Wikipedia
Cheshire Midland Railway — An act was passed on 14 June 1860 to build a railway from Altrincham on the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway (MSJAR) to Northwich. The line would be 12 miles 65 chains (20.6 km) in length. The Manchester, Sheffield and… … Wikipedia
Mid-Cheshire Line — Northern Rail DMUs at Chester, used on Mid Cheshire Line services. Overview System National Rail … Wikipedia
West Cheshire Railway — The West Cheshire Railway (WCR) was an early railway company based in Cheshire England. Contents 1 Early Company history 2 Construction and early WCR operations 3 Route and Stations … Wikipedia
Liverpool to Manchester Lines — Overview Type Heavy rail System National Rail Status Operational Locale Cheshire Greater Manchester … Wikipedia
Sheffield and Midland Railway Companies' Committee — MetaSidebar|23%|#eeffff|right|List of stations served For stations from Ambergate see Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway Millers Dale Peak Forest Chinley Bugsworth New Mills Strines Marple Romiley Woodley Hyde Hyde Junction … Wikipedia
Merseyrail — Merseyrail … Wikipedia
Manchester Central railway station — Manchester Central Location Place Manchester Area City of Manchester … Wikipedia
Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway — Manchester,Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway Ltd Former type Private Industry Railway Fate Name Change … Wikipedia