- London and North Western Railway
The London and North Western Railway (LNWR, L&NWR) was a
railwaycompany of the United Kingdomwhich existed between 1846 and 1922. It was created by the merger of three railway companies - the Grand Junction Railway, the London and Birmingham Railwayand the Manchester and Birmingham Railway, and is effectively an ancestor of today's West Coast Main Line. During the late 19th century the L&NWR was the largest joint stock companyin the world.
The LNWR was known as the 'Premier Line'. Though disputed by many, it may be thought that it deserved this title because the
Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the first passenger railway in the world, was one of its ancestors through its merger with the Grand Junction Railway.
As the largest
joint stock companyin the United Kingdom, it collected a greater revenue than any other company. It served some of Britain's largest cities: Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, and (through co-operation with the Caledonian Railway) Edinburghand Glasgow. It also handled the Irish Mail for the Government between Euston and Holyhead.
Victoria Tunnel (Liverpool), opened 1849
Canada Dock Branchfrom Edge Hill railway stationon the Liverpool and Manchester Railwaythrough northern Liverpoolto Canada Dock, opened in 1866
Anglesey Central Railway, 1876
Aylesbury Railway[http://www.hertfordshire-genealogy.co.uk/data/books/books-3/book-0323-aylesbury-railway.htm] , 1846
Buckinghamshire Railway[http://disused-rlys.fotopic.net/c915644.html] , 1879 (leased from 1850)
Central Wales Extension Railway, 1868
Chester and Holyhead Railway, 1859
Cockermouth and Workington Railway, 1866
Cromford and High Peak Railway, 1887 (leased from 1862)
Knighton Railway, 1868 (joint with GWR, leased from 1862)
Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, 1921
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway, 1879
Merthyr, Tredegar and Abergavenny Railway, 1861
North London Railway, 1908 (NLR retained own Board)
Pontypool and Blaenavon Railway, (leased from 1866)
Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway, 1868 (joint with GWR, leased from 1862)
Shrewsbury and Welshpool Railway, (leased from 1864)
South Staffordshire Railway, 1867
St Helens and Runcorn Gap Railway, 1864 (leased from 1860)
Trent Valley Railway, 1847
Watford and Rickmansworth Railway, 1881
Whitehaven, Cleator and Egremont Railway, 1877
Whitehaven Junction Railway, 1866
Locomotives of the London and North Western Railway"The LNWR's main engineering works were at Crewe (locomotives) and Wolverton (carriages and wagons). The locomotive livery is described as 'blackberry black'.
LNWR electric units"From 1909-1922, the LNWR undertook a large-scale project to electrify the whole of its London inner-suburban network.
Nationalisationfollowed in 1948, with the LMS becoming the London Midland Region of British Railways. Some former LNWR routes were subsequently closed, notably the lines running East to West across the Midlands (eg Peterboroughto Northamptonand Cambridgeto Oxford), but others were developed as part of the Inter City network, with the main lines from London to Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Carlisle electrified in the 1960s and 1970s with trains now running up to 125 mph. Other lines survive as part of commuter networks around major cities such as Birmingham and Manchester.
* Sections of the former L&NWR are preserved as the
Nene Valley Railwayand Northampton & Lamport Railway, the latter giving the name "Premier Line" to its quarterly journal [http://www.nlr.org.uk/premline.htm] .
Rail transport in Great Britain
The Nicky Line
Croxley Rail Link
* [http://www.lnwrs.org.uk/ London and North Western Railway Society]
* [http://www.meltonmowbray.steamrailways.com/ GNR / LNWR Joint Railway Leicestershire]
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