List of metropolitan areas in Canada


List of metropolitan areas in Canada

The table below lists the 100 metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census.[2] Each metropolitan area is identified by its census metropolitan area (CMA) or census agglomeration (CA) as defined by Statistics Canada. Any other census subdivision that comprises at least 10 per cent of the CMA or CA population is listed in parentheses.[3]

Note that a city's metropolitan area in colloquial or administrative terms may be different than its CMA as defined by Statistics Canada, resulting in differing populations. Such is the case with the Greater Toronto Area and the National Capital Region where their metro populations are notably higher than their respective CMA populations.

Contents

Map

A map of the 33 census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Canada

Metropolitan areas and agglomerations

Rank
(2006)
Rank
(2001)
Geographic name Province Type Population
(2006)
Population
(2001)
Change
1 1 Toronto (Mississauga) Ontario CMA 5,113,149 4,682,897 9.19
2 2 Montreal (Laval) Quebec CMA 3,635,571 3,451,027 5.35
3 3 Vancouver (Surrey, Burnaby) British Columbia CMA 2,116,581 1,986,965 6.52
4 4 OttawaGatineau Ontario/Quebec CMA 1,130,761 1,063,664 6.31
5 5 Calgary Alberta CMA 1,079,310 951,494 13.43
6 6 Edmonton Alberta CMA 1,034,945 937,845 10.35
7 7 Quebec (Lévis) Quebec CMA 715,515 686,569 4.22
8 8 Winnipeg Manitoba CMA 694,668 676,594 2.67
9 9 Hamilton (Burlington) Ontario CMA 692,911 662,401 4.61
10 10 London Ontario CMA 457,720 435,600 5.08
11 11 KitchenerCambridgeWaterloo Ontario CMA 451,235 414,284 8.92
12 12 St. Catharines–Niagara (Niagara Falls, Welland) Ontario CMA 390,317 377,009 3.53
13 13 Halifax Nova Scotia CMA 372,858 359,183 3.81
14 16 Oshawa (Whitby, Clarington) Ontario CMA 330,594 296,298 11.57
15 14 Victoria (Saanich) British Columbia CMA 330,088 311,902 5.83
16 15 Windsor (Tecumseh, LaSalle, Lakeshore) Ontario CMA 323,342 307,877 5.02
17 17 Saskatoon Saskatchewan CMA 233,923 225,927 3.54
18 18 Regina Saskatchewan CMA 194,971 192,800 1.13
19 19 Sherbrooke (Magog) Quebec CMA 186,952 175,950 6.25
20 20 St. John's (Mount Pearl, Conception Bay South) Newfoundland and Labrador CMA 181,113 172,918 4.74
21 23 Barrie (Innisfil) Ontario CMA 177,061 148,480 19.25
22 24 Kelowna (West Kelowna) British Columbia CMA 162,276 147,739 9.84
23 25 AbbotsfordMission British Columbia CMA 159,020 147,370 7.91
24 21 Greater Sudbury Ontario CMA 158,258 155,601 1.71
25 26 Kingston (South Frontenac) Ontario CMA 152,358 146,838 3.76
26 22 Saguenay Quebec CMA 151,643 154,938 -2.13
27 27 Trois-Rivières Quebec CMA 141,529 137,507 2.92
28 32 Guelph Ontario CMA 127,009 117,344 8.24
29 30 Moncton (Dieppe, Riverview) New Brunswick CMA 126,424 118,678 6.53
30 31 Brantford (Brant) Ontario CMA 124,607 118,086 5.52
31 29 Thunder Bay Ontario CMA 122,907 121,986 0.76
32 28 Saint John (Quispamsis) New Brunswick CMA 122,389 122,678 -0.24
33 33 Peterborough (Smith-Ennismore-Lakefield) Ontario CMA 116,570 110,876 5.14
34 35 Chatham–Kent Ontario CA 108,589 107,709 0.82
35 34 Cape Breton Nova Scotia CA 105,928 109,330 -3.11
36 39 Lethbridge (County of Lethbridge) Alberta CA 95,196 87,388 8.93
37 36 Kamloops British Columbia CA 92,882 88,951 4.42
38 40 Nanaimo British Columbia CA 92,361 85,664 7.82
39 38 Belleville (Quinte West) Ontario CA 91,518 87,395 4.72
40 37 Sarnia (St. Clair) Ontario CA 88,793 88,331 0.52
41 43 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec CA 87,492 79,600 9.91
42 42 Fredericton New Brunswick CA 85,688 81,346 5.34
43 41 Prince George British Columbia CA 83,225 85,035 -2.13
44 48 Red Deer Alberta CA 82,772 67,829 22.03
45 45 Chilliwack British Columbia CA 80,892 74,003 9.31
46 44 Sault Ste. Marie Ontario CA 80,098 78,908 1.51
47 46 Drummondville Quebec CA 78,108 72,778 7.32
48 47 Kawartha Lakes Ontario CA 74,561 69,179 7.78
49 53 Grande Prairie (County of Grande Prairie No. 1) Alberta CA 71,868 58,787 22.25
50 51 Medicine Hat Alberta CA 68,822 61,735 11.48
51 49 Granby Quebec CA 68,352 63,069 8.38
52 50 North Bay Ontario CA 63,424 62,303 1.80
53 52 Norfolk Ontario CA 62,563 60,847 2.82
54 55 Charlottetown (Stratford) Prince Edward Island CA 58,625 57,234 2.43
55 54 Cornwall (South Stormont) Ontario CA 58,485 57,581 1.57
56 56 Shawinigan Quebec CA 56,434 56,412 0.04
57 57 Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec CA 55,823 54,275 2.85
58 58 Vernon (Coldstream) British Columbia CA 55,418 51,530 7.55
59 67 Wood Buffalo Alberta CA 52,643 42,581 23.63
60 61 Leamington (Kingsville) Ontario CA 49,741 46,757 6.38
61 64 Courtenay (Comox, Comox Valley B) British Columbia CA 49,214 45,205 8.87
62 60 Victoriaville Quebec CA 48,893 46,908 4.23
63 59 Sorel-Tracy (Contrecœur) Quebec CA 48,295 47,802 1.03
64 62 Brandon Manitoba CA 48,256 46,273 4.29
65 63 Rimouski Quebec CA 46,807 46,012 1.73
66 65 Truro (Colchester, Subd. B & C) Nova Scotia CA 45,077 44,276 1.81
67 70 Joliette (Notre-Dame-des-Prairies, Saint-Charles-Borromée) Quebec CA 43,595 39,720 9.76
68 68 Penticton (Okanagan-Similkameen D) British Columbia CA 43,313 41,564 4.21
69 66 Timmins Ontario CA 42,997 43,686 -1.58
70 74 Duncan (North Cowichan) British Columbia CA 41,387 38,813 6.63
71 69 Prince Albert Saskatchewan CA 40,766 41,460 -1.67
72 75 Orillia (Ramara) Ontario CA 40,532 38,333 5.74
73 71 Rouyn-Noranda Quebec CA 39,924 39,621 0.76
74 73 Salaberry-de-Valleyfield Quebec CA 39,672 39,028 1.65
75 72 Brockville (Elizabethtown-Kitley, Augusta) Ontario CA 39,668 39,049 1.59
76 77 Campbell River (Comox-Strathcona D) British Columbia CA 36,461 35,036 4.07
77 76 New Glasgow (Pictou, Subd. C & B, Stellarton, Westville) Nova Scotia CA 36,288 36,735 -1.22
78 80 Woodstock Ontario CA 35,480 33,269 6.65
79 78 Midland (Tay, Penetanguishene) Ontario CA 35,402 33,692 5.08
80 79 Moose Jaw Saskatchewan CA 33,360 33,519 -0.47
81 81 Alma Quebec CA 32,603 32,930 -0.99
82 83 Val-d'Or Quebec CA 32,288 32,423 -0.42
83 84 Owen Sound (Georgian Bluffs) Ontario CA 32,259 31,583 2.14
84 82 Bathurst (Bathurst Parish, Beresford Parish, Beresford) New Brunswick CA 31,424 32,523 -3.38
85 87 Saint-Georges Quebec CA 31,364 29,759 5.39
86 86 Stratford Ontario CA 30,461 29,780 2.29
87 85 Baie-Comeau Quebec CA 29,808 30,401 -1.95
88 88 Sept-Îles Quebec CA 27,827 27,623 0.74
89 98 Lloydminster Alberta/Saskatchewan CA 27,023 23,964 12.76
90 90 Corner Brook Newfoundland and Labrador CA 26,623 26,153 1.80
91 95 Parksville (Qualicum Beach, Nanaimo G) British Columbia CA 26,518 24,285 9.19
92 89 Thetford Mines Quebec CA 26,107 26,721 -2.30
93 97 Centre Wellington Ontario CA 26,049 24,260 7.37
94 93 Kentville (Kings, Subd. B & C) Nova Scotia CA 25,969 25,172 3.17
95 91 Port Alberni (Alberni-Clayoquot E) British Columbia CA 25,297 25,299 -0.01
96 100 Fort St. John (Peace River C) British Columbia CA 25,136 23,007 9.25
97 92 Miramichi (North Esk) New Brunswick CA 24,737 25,274 -2.12
98 99 Rivière-du-Loup (Saint-Antonin) Quebec CA 24,570 23,229 5.77
99 96 Cranbrook (East Kootenay C) British Columbia CA 24,138 24,275 -0.56
100 101 Pembroke (Laurentian Valley) Ontario CA 23,195 22,223 4.37

See also

References


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