- Whitby, Ontario
official_name = Town of Whitby , Ontario
nickname = Little "Itby"
motto = Durham's Bussiness Centre
mapsize = 600
map_caption = Map showing location of Whitby in Durham Region
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type2 = Region
subdivision_name2 = Durham Region
leader_title = Mayor
leader_title1 = Governing body
leader_title2 = MP
leader_title3 = MPP
leader_name = Pat Perkins
leader_name1 = Whitby Town Council
Jim Flaherty( Whitby—Oshawa)
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1855
settlement_type = Town
area_total_km2 = 146.52
area_total_sq_mi = 56.57
population_as_of = 2006
population_note = [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3518009&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Whitby&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=]
population_total = 111 184
population_density_km2 = 758.8
population_density_sq_mi = 230.3
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern (EDT)
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd=43 |latm=52 |lats=47 |latNS=N
longd=78 |longm=56 |longs=30 |longEW=W
elevation_m = 91
elevation_ft = 299
website = [http://www.whitby.ca whitby.ca]
footnotes = Whitby (2006 population 111,184) is a
townin Ontario, Canada. Whitby is located east of Torontoon the north shore of Lake Ontario, and is home to the headquarters of Durham Region. While the southern portion of Whitby is predominantly urban, and an economic hub, the northern part of the municipality is more rural and includes the communities of Ashburn, Brooklin, Myrtle and Myrtle Station.
Whitby Township (now the Town of Whitby) was named after the seaport town of Whitby, Yorkshire, England. In addition to Whitby, Yorkshire, the Town of Whitby is also officially twinned with
Longueuil, Québecand Feldkirch, Austria.
When the township was originally surveyed in 1792, the surveyor, from the northern part of England, named the townships east of Toronto after towns in North Eastern England: York, Scarborough, Pickering, Whitby and Darlington. The original name of "Whitby" is Danish, dating from about 867 CE when the Danes invaded Britain. It is a contraction of "Whitteby," meaning "White Village." The allusion may be to the white lighthouse on the pier at Whitby, Yorkshire, and also at Whitby, Ontario.' Although settlement dates back to 1800, it was not until 1836 that a downtown business center was established by Whitby's founder
Whitby's chief asset was its fine natural harbour on Lake Ontario, from which grain from the farmland to the north was first shipped in 1833. In the 1840s a road was built from Whitby Harbour to
Lake Simcoeand Georgian Bay, to bring trade and settlement through the harbour to and from the rich hinterland to the north. The Town of Whitby was chosen as the seat of government for the newly formed County of Ontario in 1852, and incorporated in 1855. In the 1870s a railway, the "Port Whitby and Port Perry Railway," was constructed from Whitby harbour to Port Perry, and later extended to Lindsay as the "Whitby Port Perry and Lindsay Railway."
Whitby is also the site of
Trafalgar Castle School, a private girls' school founded in 1874. The building, constructed as an Elizabethan-style castle in 1859–62 as a private residence for the Sheriff of Ontario County, is a significant architectural landmark and Whitby's only Provincial historic site marked with a plaque. The school celebrated its 125th anniversary in 1999.
During the Second World War, Whitby was the location of
Camp X, a secret spy training facility established by Sir William Stephenson, the "Man Called Intrepid". Although the buildings have since been demolished, a monument was unveiled on the site of Camp X in 1984 by Ontario's Lieutenant-Governor John Black Aird.
In 1968, the Town of Whitby and Township of Whitby amalgamated to form the current municipality. Municipal boundaries were not changed during the 1974 formation of
Durham Regionand remain to this day.
Today, Whitby is the seat of government in Durham Region. It is commonly considered part of the
Greater Toronto Area, although for census purposes it belongs to the greater Oshawa Metropolitan Area. They are both in the eastern part of the Golden Horseshoeregion.
Like much of Durham Region, demographics in Whitby are characterised mainly by rapid population growth. The 2006 census population of the Town is 111,184 inhabitants, compared with the 2001
Statistics Canadatotal of 87 413. This represents population growth of over 27.2% in five years. The number of inhabitants has more than doubled since 1986, when Whitby had a census population of 45,800 people.
According to the 2006 Census, approximately 17.0% of Whitby's population is classified as visible minority, with Black (6.1%), South Asian (3.3%) and Chinese (1.9%) populations forming the largest individual groups.
The Town government consists of a mayor and four councillors, each representing an individual ward. There are also three regional councillors elected at large. They sit on both the Town and
Durham RegionCouncils, as does the mayor. The current mayor is Pat Perkins.
Whitby is also home to
Durham Regionheadquarters, the headquarters of the Durham District School Board, and some of the law courts.
Whitby is policed by the
Durham Regional Police. There is also a detachment of the Ontario Provincial Policelocated in Town, mainly to patrol area provincial highways. Whitby Fire & Emergency Services provides firefighting services from five fire stations and ambulance/emergency medical services are provided by Durham Region.
Many residents commute to work in other Greater Toronto Area communities, and
General Motors Canadain Oshawa is a major employer for all of Durham Region. Whitby is itself home to a steel mill operated by Gerdau Ameristeel, a retail support centre operated by Sobeys, a major Liquor Control Board of Ontario warehouse and the Canadian headquarters of BMW. Other companies present in Whitby include pharmaceutical manufacturer Patheon, Johnson Controls, Lear Corporation, Automodular Assemblies, McGraw-Hill Ryerson, and several others.
Public education in Whitby is provided via the
Durham District School Board, which also has its headquarters in Whitby. As of late 2006, there were 18 elementary schools and four secondary schools.
Durham Catholic District School Boardoversees public Catholic education in Durham Region. There are eight Catholic elementary schools and two secondary schools.
As noted above, Whitby is home to
Trafalgar Castle School, a private school for women that offers grades 6 through 12 in a university preparatory programme. There are also a number of Montessorischools offering programmes for early elementary grades.
Whitby is also the site of the Skills Training Centre of
Durham College. The main campus of the college is located in Oshawa, as is the University of Ontario Institute of Technology.
Despite being among the 100 largest cities/towns in Canada, Whitby lacks a full-service hospital. The Town was served by the Whitby General Hospital until 1998, when Durham hospitals were amalgamated by the
Lakeridge Health Corporation, Under the amalgamated system, the hospital became Lakeridge Health Whitbyand is a specialised health centre, with the closest full-service hospitals being Lakeridge Health Oshawa and the Rouge Valley Ajax-Pickering Hospital in Ajax.
Whitby Mental Health Centre, a psychiatric facility, is located on the lakefront. It was originally called the Whitby Psychiatric Hospital.
Ontario Highway 401 runs through the south end of Whitby, with interchanges at Brock Street and Thickson Road. Proposed eastward extensions of Highway 407 will likely see that toll highway extended through Whitby to its planned terminus at the junction of Highways 35 and 115. The southern terminus of Highway 12 is also located in Whitby. It originally extended from Highway 401 northward as part of Brock Street, but this portion was downloaded to Durham Region in 1997. The southern terminus is now located just south of Brooklin at the location of a possible future interchange with Highway 407, should it be extended eastward. Finally, Highway 7 runs east-west between Brooklin and the City of Pickering. At Brooklin, the road changes to a north-south alignment and is
multiplexed with Highway 12 to the northern boundary of the Town.
Four railways pass through Whitby. The Toronto-Montreal corridor main lines of the
Canadian National Railwayand Canadian Pacific Railwayboth pass east-west through the south end of Whitby. A second CP line running from Toronto to Havelock also passes through the northern part of Whitby. VIA Railtrains travel through Whitby, but the nearest station is in Oshawa. Finally, GO Transitprovides frequent weekday service via its Lakeshore East line, which (in Whitby) runs parallel to the CN tracks. A GO Station is located in Town.
Local transit services are provided by the region-wide
Durham Region Transit. Prior to the Regional service, the Town provided its own service. GO Transit buses also connect Whitby with Durham Region (including Port Perryand Beaverton to the north) and areas further afield.
Whitby Harbour, an important factor in the development of the Town, is now home to a 430-berth recreational marina.
Whitby is served by the Whitby This Week newspaper, part of the
Metroland Media Group. Several other papers have been published in the town over the years, including the Whitby Free Press, which ran from 1971 to 1996. Other GTA media outlets also serve the area.
Whitby's most famous sporting team are the
Whitby Dunlops, a celebrated ice hockeysquad that captured the world championship in 1958 at Oslo, Norway. This team featured long-time president of the Boston Bruins, Harry Sindenand former mayor of Whitby, Robert Attersley. The Dunlops were revived in 2004 as part of the Eastern Ontario Senior Hockey League. Lacrosseis also a prominent sport in Whitby. The Brooklin RedmenSenior A lacrosse club is one of the most successful in Canadian sporting history, while the Junior A Whitby Warriorshave been awarded the Minto Cupfour times since 1984.
Whitby is also home to the "Iroquois Sports Complex", one of the largest minor sports centres in North America. The facility includes six icepads, "Anne Ottenebrite" swimming pool, six tennis courts, five ball diamonds, a
skatepark, a soccer pitch, a restaurant "The Sports Garden Cafe," and the Whitby Sports Hall of Fame. Whitby also developed the McKinney Sports complex which boasts three ice pads, and Luther Vipond Arena in Brooklin, with one ice pad.
For the 2008-2009 season the
GMJHLhas awarded a team to the CYO Hockey Organization to play out of Whitby.
Residents of note
Glenn Beauchamp, 1984 Olympian in Judo
D. Caligula Caesar, Noted free-market economist and classics historian
A.J. Cook, Actress
Adam Foote, hockey player and former member of "Team Canada"
Hello Beautiful, band
K-os, hip-hop musician
Priscilla Lopes-Schliep, bronze medalist in the hurdles at the 2008 Olympics
Meaghan McElwain, radical feminist activist and wolf hunter.
Leslie McFarlane, writer of the Hardy Boysnovels.
Lori Melien, Olympic Bronze Medalist swimmer
Andrea Muizelaar, winner of " Canada's Next Top Model"
Hamar Greenwood, Chief Secretary for Ireland 1920-1922
Joe Nieuwendyk, hockey player and Stanley Cup winner
Anne Ottenbrite, Olympic Gold Medalist swimmer
Keith Primeau, hockey player
Wayne Primeau, hockey player
Protest The Hero, band* Paul Ranger, hockey player
*Gary Roberts, hockey player
O. J. Santiago, NFL football player
Lori Strong-Ballard, Olympic gymnast and Olympic commentator
*Test, Former WWE wrestler
Feldkirch, Vorarlberg, Austria
*flagicon|England Flagicon|United Kingdom
Whitby GO Station
Whitby Public Library
* [http://www.whitby.ca/ Town of Whitby, Ontario website] Town of Whitby
* [http://downtown.whitby.ca/ Downtown Whitby] Whitby Downtown
* [http://brooklin.whitby.ca/ Village of Brooklin] Whitby's Village of Brooklin
* [http://www.ylm.ca/whitby Town of Whitby's Official List of Businesses and Organizations]
* [http://www.whitbymentalhealthcentre.ca/ The Whitby Mental Health Centre]
* [http://images.ourontario.ca/whitby/ Historic Images of Whitby] at [http://ourontario.ca/Whitby Whitby Public Library and Archives Digital Collection]
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