Saguenay, Quebec

Saguenay, Quebec
—  City  —
Ville de Saguenay
From top left: Downtown Chicoutimi borough, the UQAC, the Ha!Ha! pyramid, the Cégep de Jonquière, and Rio Tinto's aluminium smelters in Arvida

Saguenay is located in Quebec
Coordinates: 48°25′N 71°04′W / 48.417°N 71.067°W / 48.417; -71.067Coordinates: 48°25′N 71°04′W / 48.417°N 71.067°W / 48.417; -71.067
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
Settled 1840s
Established February 18, 2002
Electoral Districts

Chicoutimi—Le Fjord / Jonquière—Alma
Provincial Chicoutimi / Dubuc / Jonquière
 – Type Saguenay City Council
 – Mayor Jean Tremblay
 – Federal MP(s) Dany Morin (NDP)
Claude Patry (NDP)
 – Quebec MNA(s) Stéphane Bédard (PQ)
Serge Simard (PLQ)
Sylvain Gaudreault (PQ)
 – City 1,166.00 km2 (450.2 sq mi)
 – Land 1,126.27 km2 (434.9 sq mi)
 – Urban 131.32 km2 (50.7 sq mi)
 – Metro 1,753.69 km2 (677.1 sq mi)
Elevation 166 m (545 ft)
Population (2006)[2][3]
 – City 143,692
 – Density 127.6/km2 (330.5/sq mi)
 – Urban 106,103
 – Urban density 808.0/km2 (2,092.7/sq mi)
 – Metro 151,643
 – Metro density 86.5/km2 (224/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code(s) G7(B,G-H,J-K,N,S-T,X-Z), G8A
Area code(s) 418

Saguenay (pronounced /ˈsæɡəneɪ/, French: Saguenay [sagne]) is a city (Canada 2006 Census population 143,692) in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada, on the Saguenay River, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north of Quebec City.

The city of Saguenay constitutes a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE); its geographical code is 941.

Together with the regional county municipality of Le Fjord-du-Saguenay, it forms the census division (CD) of Le Saguenay-et-son-Fjord (94).



The city was formed on February 18, 2002 by amalgamating the cities of Chicoutimi, Jonquière, La Baie and Laterrière, along with the municipalities of Lac-Kénogami and Shipshaw and part of the township of Tremblay.

The city is divided into three boroughs:

  • Chicoutimi (territories of Chicoutimi, Laterrière and Tremblay township);
  • Jonquière (territories of Jonquière, Lac-Kénogami, and Shipshaw);
  • La Baie (territory of La Baie).

The mayor of Saguenay is Jean Tremblay, mayor of Chicoutimi before the merger.

The term "the Saguenay" or (less commonly) "Saguenay Valley" is used for the whole Saguenay River region (see Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean). The provincial riding of René-Lévesque on the Côte Nord was named Saguenay before 2003 elections.

Camrose, Alberta, is the sister city of Saguenay.

Saguenay is the seat of the judicial district of Chicoutimi.[4]


(Institut de la Statistique du Québec, 2006)

Population density (2006) 127.0 /km2 (329 /sq mi)
Total population (2006) 144,250 inhab.
Net interregional migration (2005–2006) -742 inhab.
Population projections (population changes 2026/2001) - 12.7%
Number of workers, 25–64 years (2004) 56,516
Rate of workers, 25–64 years (2004) 68.5%
Average employment income of workers, 25–64 years (2004) $39,723
Employment-assistance rate (2006) 9.2 %
Low-income rate among families (2004) 8.1 %
Per capita personal income (2005) $28,415
Total value of building permits (2006) $187,305k
Average assessed value of single-family dwellings (2006) $98,592
Standardized real estate wealth (2006) $8,245,923k
  • 99% of Saguenay's inhabitants claim French as their first language.
Census Chicoutimi Jonquière
1871 1,393 x
1881 1,935 x
1891 2,277 x
1901 3,826 x
1911 5,880 2,354
1921 8,937 4,851
1931 11,877 9,448
1941 15,975 13,766
1951 23,111 21,618
1961 31,657 28,588
1971 33,893 28,430
1981 60,064 60,354
1991 62,670 57,933
2001 60,008 54,842
Census Saguenay (city)
2006 143,692

Statistics for the Census Metropolitan Area

The Saguenay Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), which also includes the municipalities of Saint-Fulgence, Saint-Honoré, and Larouche, had a 2006 population of 151,643 and is the most homogenous CMA in all of Canada.

Aboriginal status: Indigenous peoples comprised 1.7% of the population.[5]

Languages: French was mother tongue to 98.1% of residents (counting both single and multiple responses) in 2006.
The next most common mother tongues were English at 0.9%, followed by Spanish at 0.3%, Arabic at 0.2%, and Chinese languages, Portuguese, Atikamekw (Abenaki), German and Niger–Congo languages at 0.1% each.[6][7]

Religion: About 96% of the population identified as Roman Catholic in 2001 while almost 3% said they had no religious affiliation.
Among smaller denominations the Jehovah’s Witnesses and Methodists were numbered at 0.2% each, while the Baptists, Anglicans, Muslims, United Church, Mormons and Pentecostals each accounted for about 0.1% of the population.[8]

Visible minorities: About 0.2% of the population identified as Black, 0.2% as Chinese, and 0.1% as Latin American.[9]

Immigration: The area is home to about seven hundred recent immigrants (i.e. those arriving between 2001 and 2006), who now comprise about 0.5% of the total population. Approximately 25% of these new immigrants have come from Colombia, about 10% have come from both China and from France, and about 5% have come from the Democratic Republic of Congo.[10]

Internal migration: Between 2001 and 2006 there was a net outmigration of 4,745 people (equivalent to 3% of the total 2001 population) which included a net outmigration of 170 anglophones (equivalent to 15% of the 2001 anglophone population). Overall there was a net outmigration of 2,530 people to Montreal, 1,570 to Quebec, 545 to Gatineau, 285 to Sherbrooke, and 105 to Trois-Rivières.[11]

Ethnocultural ancestries: Canadians were able to self-identify one or more ethnocultural ancestries in the 2001 census. Some respondents identify more than one ethnocultural ancestry, so percentages may therefore add up to more than 100%. The most common response was Canadian / Canadien and since the term 'Canadian' is as much an expression of citizenship as of ethnicity, these figures should not be considered an exact record of the relative prevalence of different ethnocultural ancestries. 63.4% of respondents gave a single response of Canadian / Canadien while a further 20.8% identified both Canadian / Canadien and one or more other ethnocultural ancestries. About 9.9% of respondents gave a single response of French / Français, while 1.7% gave a single response of Québécois, 0.5% gave a single response of Irish, 0.4% gave a single response of North American Indian and 0.3% gave a single response of Scottish.
Counting both single and multiple responses, the most commonly identified ethnocultural ancestries were:

Ethnic origin 2001
Canadian 84.2%
French Canadian/French 30.1%
Québécois 2.2%
Irish 1.6%
North American Indian 1.1%
Scottish 1.1%
English 0.9%

(Percentages may total more than 100% due to rounding and multiple responses).



Saguenay is located in a depression in the Canadian shield with a somewhat more temperate climate than the surrounding region, allowing agriculture and human settlement to take place. The relatively small and concentrated Lac St-Jean area where the city is located can be described as an isolated "oasis" in the middle of the vast remote wilderness of Northern Quebec. Few roads connect with the area from the south and east, and only one road connects from the northwest. No roads go north from the area into the wilderness; the last roads north end just a short distance from the city—still within the Lac St-Jean area. There are no human settlements due north of Saguenay all the way to the Canadian Arctic islands, except for a few isolated Cree and Inuit villages. However, the remote, paved Route 167/113 heads northwest to the interior town of Chibougamau, providing access to Western Quebec and subsequently, Hudson Bay. No services are available for the 230 km (143 mi) to Chibougamau from the Lac St-Jean area.

Two notable natural disasters have occurred within the current municipal boundaries of Saguenay: the Saint-Jean-Vianney landslide of May 4, 1971, and the Saguenay Flood of 1996. A magnitude 5.9 earthquake on November 25, 1988 also had its epicentre 35 km south of Chicoutimi.


Climate data for Bagotville - Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.2
Average high °C (°F) −10.6
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.1
Average low °C (°F) −21.7
Record low °C (°F) −40.6
Precipitation mm (inches) 61.4
Source: [12]

Years 2000

In February 2005, Saguenay gets the Merit of the Quebec Public Safety for the skill that she has shown for the implementation of emergency measures, management and the precautionary evacuation and relocation of affected residents of Canton- Tremblay.[13] On December 5, 2005, following the creation of the Committee on l'Approche Commune, the city of Saguenay officially recognizes the existence of the Métis community of Domaine du Roy.[14] In 2007, Saguenay Quebec government request to amend the legislation concerning the taxation of private hydroelectric dams that their facilities are brought on the assessment roll and taxed at their fair values. In the same spirit and following the actions of Mayor Jean Tremblay, the Union of Municipalities of Quebec created a committee to study the issue. In 2011, Saguenay mandate economist Marc-Urbain Proulx of the University of Quebec at Chicoutimi to conduct a study on the economic and legal issue.[15] The same year, Saguenay undertakes the necessary steps to implement a port of call for international cruise ships in the borough of La Baie. The project requires investment of about 33.75 million CAN dollars for the construction of a wharf of 370 meters, a visitor center ($ 5,000,000) and a port village.[16] February 2008, Saguenay for a second time, won the Merit of Public Safety for the novelty demonstrated by the Programme Monitoring and prevention of risks associated with ground movements in the borough of La Baie.[17] In October 2008, Mayor Jean Tremblay was an invited speaker at the 28th General Meeting of the International Association of Francophone Mayors (AIMF) held in Quebec City. There has in particular the proposed international collaboration between the city of Saguenay and the Vietnamese city of Nam Dinh. This collaboration aims at exchanging expertise in the municipality in urban planning and municipal finance. Saguenay is chosen as prime contractor for the file by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM).[18]

Years 2010

In February 2010, Mayor Jean Tremblay announced the creation of the agency Diffusion Saguenay. The new entity is the broadcaster paramunicipal major events in the territory of the Saguenay and is chaired by Advocate Peter Mazurette.[19] The body is confirmed as the government of Quebec in November 2010.[20] On June 6, 2010, citizens of Saguenay are invited to comment during a public consultation on the construction of a new auditorium and renovation of the Auditorium Dufour. Citizens opt for the renovation of the auditorium at a rate of 67.3%.[21] In May 2011, the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) highlights the unique partnership of Saguenay for the implementation of a proposed municipal capacity building with the cities of Nam Dinh, Pleiku, and Phu Ly Thai Binh in Vietnam in 2007 2010. In June 2011, Saguenay receives award at gala cecobois because of its exceptional commitment to the use of wood in non-residential construction.[22] On the other hand, always in June 2011, Saguenay-Thomas wins Baillargé awarded by the Ordre des architectes du Québec to the efforts of the municipality to maintain the heritage aspect of the industrial city of Arvida.[23] In September 2011, Saguenay receives Award of Excellence awarded by the Quebec Network of towns and villages in health initiative called "The TV elders".[24]


In primary and secondary public schools and francophone Saguenay are managed by two boards, the School Board of Jonquière and the school board of Rives-du-Saguenay, which have respectively 11 015 [25] and 11 048 students [26]. These figures include 38 primary schools, 7 secondary schools and 5 vocational training centers in the city and institutions of neighboring municipalities of Upper and Lower Saguenay. Outside the public sector, found in a private elementary school of 160 students; the Apostolic School of Chicoutimi, and a 1100 high school students, the Seminary of Chicoutimi. Saguenay is also a primary school and secondary English 200 students; Riverside Regional School is the responsibility of the Central Québec School Board.

At the college level, Saguenay has two colleges, one in Jonquière and Chicoutimi with a combined 5,500 students [27]. In addition to offering pre-university programs, and similar techniques, each of the schools have programs that are unique. For example, the Cégep de Jonquière offers technical training in Art and Media Technology while that of Chicoutimi offers a technical piloting aircraft.

It is located in Saguenay what the University of Quebec at Chicoutimi (UQAC), a francophone university's network UQ counts 6500 students [28]and provides training at university level. Only university in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, she also hosts students from across Quebec and la Francophonie. Located near downtown Chicoutimi campus account, in addition to the main building, the sports pavilion and the pavilion of the Humanities, a flag of icing research, a house of Forestry, Medicine, Arts, and the center of Aluminium Technology.


Saguenay has several main components of the regional sector of aluminum: the Quebec Centre for Research and Development of aluminum (CQRDA), the Center for Aluminum Technology of UQAC (CTA), the University Centre Aluminium Research (CURAL) and college training programs and government. Overall, we find in Saguenay, the largest concentration of expertise in America in the field of aluminum. In 2007, the Quebec government announced in conjunction with Genome Quebec, the University of Montreal, the Centre for Health and Social Services and UQAC Chicoutimi, the creation of a Biobank specializing in genomics research.[29] the CSSS de Chicoutimi also specializes in research in primary care medicine and chronic illness and rehabilitation of neuromuscular disorders.


Saguenay's economy[30] is in transition[31] and stands by developing research and teaching in applied technologies for energy[32], aluminum, boreal forest, genomics and Biomedical Sciences.[33]

It also relies on the exploitation of water resources.[34] The city owns three hydroelectric power stations, one operating in the borough of Jonquière and two other Pont-Arnaud and Chute-Garneau in operation since spring 2011.[35]

Saguenay has three large industrial parks totaling 8,496,138 square meters of commercial facilities: 5 city centers and shopping centers, six shopping centers, power centers and two five major commercial arteries.

In addition, Rio Tinto Alcan confirmed in December 2010 investment of 750 million dollars to upgrade its pilot plant in Jonquière AP-60.[36] The plant will be 40% more productive than the current aluminum. The first phase includes 38 tanks equipped with new technology with an estimated production of 60,000 tons of aluminum per year. The first ingots should be cast in the first quarter of 2013.

According to 2010 data from the Institute of Statistics of Québec (ISQ), the per capita personal income in 2009 amounted to $ 31 677 versus $ 31 344 in 2008, a variation of 1.1%. On the other hand, the GDP of the Saguenay CMA in 2009 totaled $ 6 billion compared to $ 9.1 billion to the GDP of the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean.

Adventure travel and cruises are just as important niche for the region's capital. Indeed, a pier in La Baie has been in operation[37] since 2008 to accommodate ships and tourists.[38]

On January 17, 2011, the airline Cobalt Aircraft, which announced settled in Saguenay for the construction of the aircraft Co50, propeller plane high-end and on the cutting edge of technology.[39]

The city's airport is the Bagotville Airport, which shares the aerodrome of Canadian Forces Base Bagotville. It has daily flights to Montreal-Trudeau International Airport as well as services to Quebec City and Sept-Îles, and also has seasonal flights to Cancún and vacation destinations in Cuba. Another airfield, Chicoutimi/Saint-Honoré Aerodrome, itself a former air force base, is located to the north of the city.


Saguenay has since 2010, its own network of municipal information on the Web Included are video clips used to inform the public on various topics to municipal character. Hyperlinks can be used on Facebook and Twitter.

See also


  1. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires Municipales, Régions et Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Saguenay
  2. ^ a b "Saguenay community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  3. ^ a b "Saguenay Census metropolitan area". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  4. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  5. ^ "Saguenay". Aboriginal Identity (8), Sex (3) and Age Groups (12) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  6. ^ "Saguenay". Detailed Mother Tongue (148), Single and Multiple Language Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  7. ^ "Saguenay". Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  8. ^ "Chicoutimi-Jonquiere". Religion (95A), Age Groups (7A) and Sex (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 1991 and 2001 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  9. ^ "Saguenay". Visible Minority Groups (15) and Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas 1 and Census Agglomerations, 2001 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  10. ^ "Saguenay". Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) for the Immigrants and Non-permanent Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-12-04. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  11. ^ "Saguenay". Census Metropolitan Area of Residence 5 Years Ago (37), Mother Tongue (8), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (9), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) for the Inter-Census Metropolitan Area Migrants Aged 5 Years and Over of Census Metropolitan Areas, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  12. ^ "Normales climatiques au Canada 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved March 12, 2009. 
  13. ^ Saguenay honoré, Le Quotidien, jeudi 24 février 2005, p. 16.
  14. ^ François St-Gelais, « Reconnaissance par Saguenay : Un grand jour pour les Métis », dans Le Quotidien, 7 décembre 2005, p. 24
  15. ^ Modifications souhaitées au mode de taxation des barrages, Le Quotidien, samedi 11 juin 2011, p.9.
  16. ^ tp:// [archive]
  17. ^ Roger Blackburn, Saguenay remporte un prix provincial, Le Quotidien, mercredi 20 février 2008, p. 31.
  18. ^ Association internationale des maires francophones, Jean Tremblay sera conférencier, Le Quotidien, 26 septembre 2008, p. 6.
  19. ^ Louis Tremblay, Place à Diffusion Saguenay, Le Quotidien, février 2010, p. 2.
  20. ^ Isabelle Labrie, « Diffusion Saguenay obtient le feu vert [archive] » sur [archive], Le Quotidien, 30 novembre 2010
  21. ^ Stéphane Bégin, « Les citoyens rendent leur verdict [archive] », Le Quotidien, 7 juin 2010, p. 3
  22. ^ Patricia Rainvillel. « Prix coalition Bois Québec. Haute distinction pour Saguenay », Le Quotidien, 2 juin 2011, p. 16.
  23. ^ Louis Tremblay, Saguenay et les citoyens d'Arvida honorés, Le Quotidien, 23 juin 2011, p. 27.
  24. ^ Laura Lévesque, Qualité de vie. Saguenay gagne un prix, Le Quotidien, 16 septembre 2011, p. 2.
  25. ^ [archive]
  26. ^ [archive]
  27. ^ a et b [archive]
  28. ^ Katerine Belley-Murray, « Projet structurant à portée internationale, L'horizon infini de la biobanque », Le Quotidien, mardi 25 octobre 2011, p. 21.
  29. ^ Katerine Belley-Murray, « Projet structurant à portée internationale, L'horizon infini de la biobanque », Le Quotidien, mardi 25 octobre 2011, p. 21.
  30. ^ Virage économique, Le Quotidien, 27 août 2010, p. 10.
  31. ^ Patricia Rainville, Une ville méconnaissable dans quatre ans, Le Quotidien, 23 octobre 2009, p. 15.
  32. ^ François Hains, Nancy Bourgeois, « Saguenay, une ville en changement », Urbanité, automne 2011, p. 36-38.
  33. ^ Claude Côté, « Saguenay vogue vers le succès », Industrie & Commerce, octobre-novembre 2011, p.3-5.
  34. ^ Marc St-Hilaire, « Une centrale sur la Shipshaw », dans Le Quotidien, Saguenay, 10 septembre 2010 [texte intégral [archive] (page consultée le 2010-09-10)]
  35. ^ Louis Tremblay, Les trois axes de Promotion Saguenay, Le Quotidien, 27 août 2010, p. 7.
  36. ^ Michel Munger, « Rio Tinto Alcan lance finalement sa technologie AP60 », dans ARGENT, 14 décembre 2010 [texte intégral [archive]]
  37. ^ Saguenay, port d'escale [archive]
  38. ^ Yves Ouellet Alain Dumas, En croisière sur le St-Laurent et le Saguenay, Les Éditions de l'Homme, 2008, 191 pages.
  39. ^ Le Cobalt Co50 sera assemblé à Saguenay, Le Quotidien 18 janvier 2011, p. 2.

External links

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