- Chinese mountain cat
Chinese Mountain Cat Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Genus: Felis Species: F. bieti Binomial name Felis bieti
Distribution of the Chinese Mountain Cat (in green)
The Chinese Mountain Cat (Felis bieti), also known as the Chinese Desert Cat, is a small wild cat of western China. It is the least known member of the genus Felis, the common cats. A 2007 DNA study found that it is a subspecies of Felis silvestris; should the scientific community accept this result, this cat would be reclassified as Felis silvestris bieti.
Except for the colour of its fur, this cat resembles a European Wildcat in its physical appearance. It is 27–33 in (69–84 cm) long, plus a 11.5–16 in (29–41 cm) tail. The adult weight can range from 6.5 to 9 kilograms (14 to 20 lb). They have a relatively broad skull, and long hair growing between the pads of their feet.
The fur is sand-coloured with dark guard hairs; the underside is whitish, legs and tail bear black rings. In addition there are faint dark horizontal stripes on the face and legs, which may be hardly visible. The ears and tail have black tips, and there are also a few dark bands on the tail.
Distribution and ecology
The Chinese Mountain Cat is endemic to China and has a limited distribution over the northeastern parts of the Tibetan Plateau in Qinghai and northern Sichuan. It inhabits sparsely-wooded forests and shrublands, and is occasionally found in true deserts. It has been observed in environments from 2,800 to 4,100 metres (9,200 to 13,500 ft) in elevation.
The species was first described in 1892 from specimens collected by Félix Biet and, as of 2007, was known only from six animals, all living in Chinese zoos, and a few skins in museums. In summer 2007 some photos of this elusive cat were caught by camera traps in Sichuan.
This cat is protected in China, but it is still endangered due to the organised poisoning of pikas, its main prey; these poisonings either kill the cats unintentionally, or withdraw their food basis.
- ^ a b Wozencraft, W. Christopher (16 November 2005). "Order Carnivora (pp. 532-628)". In Wilson, Don E., and Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2 vols. (2142 pp.). pp. 534. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3.
- ^ Breitenmoser, U., Breitenmoser-Wursten, C., Sanderson, J., Mallon, D.P. & Driscoll, C. (2008). Felis silvestris ssp. bieti. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 18 January 2009. Database entry includes justification for why this animal is vulnerable
- ^ "The Near Eastern Origin of Cat Domestication". http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/1139518. Retrieved July 7, 2007.
- ^ a b c d e Sunquist, Mel; Sunquist, Fiona (2002). Wild cats of the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 57–59. ISBN 0-226-77999-8.
- ^ Li He, Rosa García-Perea, Ming Li and Fuwen Wei: Distribution and conservation status of the endemic Chinese mountain cat Felis bieti. Oryx (2004), 38: 55-61 Cambridge University Press. 2004
- ^ Science 317, S. 1151, 31. August 2007 pdf Access to article requires subscription or payment.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chinese Mountain Cat — Taxobox name = Chinese Mountain CatMSW3 Wozencraft | pages = 534] status = VU trend = down status system = iucn3.1 status ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Cat Specialist Group|year=2002|id=8539|title=Felis bieti|downloaded=11 May 2006 Database entry… … Wikipedia
Chinese mountain cat — noun A small wild cat, Felis bieti, living in western China. Syn: Chinese desert cat … Wiktionary
Chinese desert cat — noun Chinese mountain cat … Wiktionary
Andean Mountain Cat — Andean Mountain Cat Conservation status … Wikipedia
Chinese ferret-badger — Conservation status Least Concern … Wikipedia
Mountain weasel — Conservation status Near Threa … Wikipedia
Cat — For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). Domestic cat … Wikipedia
Chinese garden — redirects here. For other uses, see Chinese Garden (disambiguation). Chinese garden Zhishan Garden in the the garden styles of the Song and Ming dynasties … Wikipedia
Cat Stevens — Cat Stevens, 1976 Cat Stevens (* 21. Juli 1948 in London als Steven Demetre Georgiou) ist ein britisch zypriotischer Sänger und Songwriter. Seit seiner Konversion zum Islam Ende 1977 heißt er Yusuf Islam, als Künstler nennt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chinese calendar — The Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar, incorporating elements of a lunar calendar with those of a solar calendar. It is not exclusive to China, but followed by many other Asian cultures as well. In most of East Asia today, the Gregorian … Wikipedia