Bengal Fox


Bengal Fox

Taxobox
name = Bengal FoxMSW3 Wozencraft | id = 14000866]
status = LC
trend = down
status_system = iucn2.3
status_ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Johnsingh, A.J.T. & Jhala, Y.V.|year=2004|id=23049|title=Vulpes bengalensis|downloaded=2006-05-11 Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern]
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Carnivora
familia = Canidae
genus = "Vulpes"
species = "V. bengalensis"
range_



range_map_caption=Range map
binomial = "Vulpes bengalensis"
binomial_authority = (Shaw, 1800)

The Bengal Fox ("Vulpes bengalensis"), also known as the Indian Fox, is a fox endemic to the Indian subcontinent and is found from the Himalayan foothills and Terai of Nepal through southern India and from southern and eastern Pakistan to eastern India and southeastern Bangladesh.

Appearance

"Vulpes bengalensis" is a relatively small fox with an elongated muzzle, long pointed ears, and a bushy tail ca. 50 to 60% length of head and body. Dorsal pelage is grayish and paler ventrally; legs tend to be brownish or rufous. Tail is bushy with prominent black tip. Back of ears are dark brown with black margin. Rhinarium is naked and lips are black, with small black hair patches on upper part of muzzle in front of eyes. Extensive variation in coat color may occur between populations and seasonally within populations, but generally varies from grey to pale brown. Head and body length is in to cm|18|24|abbr=yes|convtype=range, with a in to cm|10|14|abbr=yes|convtype=range long tail. Typical weight is 5-9 lb (2-4 kg).

Diet

The Bengal Fox feeds on rodents, reptiles, crabs, termites, insects, small birds, and fruits.

Reproduction and Living

Although the Bengal Fox lives in pairs, it hunts alone. It undergoes a gestation period of 53 days; after, four kits are born in a den.

Threats

Hunting for its skin and flesh as well as conversion of its grassland habitat have affected its population density. In addition, its body parts are used in traditional medicine, and in some areas it is eaten.

References

External links

* [http://www.lioncrusher.com/animal.asp?animal=6 Lioncrusher's Domain -- Bengal Fox]
* [http://www.canids.org/SPPACCTS/vbengale.htm -- IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group: Bengal Fox]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/144.shtml -- BBC - Science & Nature - Wildfacts - Indian fox, Bengal fox]


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