Nasuella


Nasuella
Mountain coatis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Procyonidae
Genus: Nasuella
Hollister, 1915
Species
Approximate combined range of the two mountain coatis

Mountain coatis are two species of procyonid mammals from the genus Nasuella. Unlike the larger coatis from the genus Nasua, mountain coatis only weigh 1–1.5 kilograms (2.2–3.3 lb) and are endemic to the north Andean highlands in South America.[1][2] Until recently only a single species with three subspecies was recognized.[3] In 2009 this species was split into two species, the Eastern Mountain Coati (N. meridensis) from Venezuela, and the Western Mountain Coati (N. olivacea, with subspecies quitensis) from Colombia, Ecuador and perhaps far northern Peru (still unconfirmed).[4]

Externally the two species of mountain coatis are quite similar, but the Eastern Mountain Coati is overall smaller, somewhat shorter-tailed on average, has markedly smaller teeth, a paler olive-brown pelage, and usually a dark mid-dorsal stripe on the back (versus more rufescent or blackish, and usually without a dark mid-dorsal stripe in the Western Mountain Coati).[4] Both are found in cloud forest and paramo; at altitudes of 2,000–4,000 metres (6,600–13,000 ft) for the Eastern Mountain Coati, and 1,300–4,250 metres (4,300–13,940 ft) for the Western Mountain Coati.[4]

They are very poorly known, and the "combined species" (when only one species was recognized) has been classified as data deficient by the IUCN.[2] Their behavior largely appears to resemble that of the better-known Nasua coatis, although the mountain coatis feed less on fruit.[1][5] Unlike the Nasua coatis, mountain coatis are very rare in captivity. Among ISIS registered institutions, only three zoos (all in USA) reported that they had mountain coatis in early 2011,[6] but at least one of these appears to be a case of misidentification.[7] A mountain coati that was confiscated from poachers is kept at Bioparque la Reserva in Cota, Colombia.[7]

Genetic evidence suggests the genus Nasua only is monophyletic if it also includes the mountain coatis.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b Kays, R. (2009). Mountain Coati (Nasuella olivacea). p. 528 in: Wilson, D. E., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds (2009). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 1. Carnivores. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 978-84-96553-49-1
  2. ^ a b Reid, F. & Helgen, K. (2008). "Nasuella olivacea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/14357. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  3. ^ Wilson, Don E.; Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2 vols. (2142 pp.). ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14001644. 
  4. ^ a b c d Helgen, K. M., R. Kays, L. E. Helgen, M. T. N. Tsuchiya-Jerep, C. M. Pinto, K. P. Koepfli, E. Eizirik, and J. E. Maldonado (2009). Taxonomic boundaries and geographic distributions revealed by an integrative systematic overview of the mountain coatis, Nasuella (Carnivora: Procyonidae). Small Carnivore Conservation. 41: 65–74
  5. ^ Rodríguez-Bolaños, A., A. Cadena, and P. Sánchez (2000). Trophic characteristics in social groups of the Mountain coati, Nasuella olivacea (Carnivora: Procyonidae). Small Carnivore Conservation 23: 1–6.
  6. ^ ISIS (2011). Mountain coati. Version 12 January 2011.
  7. ^ a b WildlifeExtra (September 2010). First ever Mountain coati in captivity in Colombia. Downloaded on 14 February 2011.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nasuella — Coati des montagnes Coati des montagnes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nasuella — Bergnasenbär Systematik Überordnung: Laurasiatheria Ordnung: Raubtiere (Carnivora) Überfamilie: Hundeartige (Canoidea) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nasuella — kalniniai koačiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas gentis apibrėžtis Gentyje 1 rūšis. Paplitimo arealas – Andai, Kolumbija, Ekvadoras, Venesuela. atitikmenys: lot. Nasuella angl. little coatimundis; mountain coatis vok.… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Nasuella — pl.f. nasuelle …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

  • Nasuella olivacea — Coati des montagnes Coati des montagnes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nasuella olivacea — Bergnasenbär Systematik Überordnung: Laurasiatheria Ordnung: Raubtiere (Carnivora) Überfamilie: Hundeartige (Canoidea) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nasuella meridensis — Eastern Mountain Coati Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia …   Wikipedia

  • Nasuella olivacea — Western Mountain Coati Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia …   Wikipedia

  • Nasuella olivacea —   Coatí andino Estado de conservación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nasuella olivacea — kalninis koatis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Nasuella olivacea angl. little coatimundi; mountain coati vok. Gebirgsnasenbär; Zwergnasenbär rus. горная носуха ryšiai: platesnis terminas – kalniniai… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.