Yellow Mongoose


Yellow Mongoose
Yellow Mongoose
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Herpestidae
Subfamily: Herpestinae
Genus: Cynictis
Ogilby, 1833
Species: C. penicillata
Binomial name
Cynictis penicillata
Cuvier, 1829
Yellow Mongoose range

The Yellow Mongoose (Cynictis penicillata), sometimes referred to as the Red Meerkat, is a small mammal averaging about 1 lb (1/2 kg) in weight and about 20 in (500 mm) in length. A member of the mongoose family, it lives in open country, from semi-desert scrubland to grasslands in Angola, Botswana, South Africa, Namibia, and Zimbabwe.

Contents

Cynictis penicillata

Cynictis penicillata is the only member of its genus, but as many as twelve subspecies of yellow mongoose have been described. In general, the yellow mongoose has lighter highlights on the underbelly and chin, a bushy tail, and a complete lack of sexual dimorphism. Southern yellow mongooses are larger, have yellow or reddish fur, longer fur, and a longer tail with a characteristic white tip. Northern subspecies tend towards smaller size, grey colouration, a grey or darker grey tip to the tail, and shorter hair more appropriate to the hotter climate.

Habits

The yellow mongoose is carnivorous, consuming mostly arthropods but also other small mammals, lizards, snakes and eggs of all kinds.

The yellow mongoose is primarily diurnal, though nocturnal activity has been observed. Living in colonies of up to 20 individuals in a permanent underground burrow complex, the yellow mongoose will often co-exist with Cape Ground Squirrels or suricates and share maintenance of the warren, adding new tunnels and burrows as necessary. The tunnel system has many entrances, nearby which the yellow mongoose makes its latrines.

Social structure

The social structure of the yellow mongoose is hierarchical, based around a central breeding pair and their most recent offspring. There are also subadults, the elderly, or adult relatives of the central pair. Male ranges tend to overlap, while females from other dens have contiguous non-overlapping ranges. Every day, the alpha male will mark members of his group with anal gland secretions, and his boundaries with facial and anal secretions, as well as urine. The alpha male also rubs his back against raised objects, leaving behind hair as a visual marker of territory. Other members of the group mark their dens with cheek secretions.

Predators

Predators of the yellow mongoose are birds of prey, snakes and jackals. When frightened, the yellow mongoose will growl and secrete from its anal glands. It can also scream, bark, and purr, though these are exceptions, as the yellow mongoose is usually silent, and communicates mood and status through tail movements.

Mating season

The mating season of the yellow mongoose is between July and September, and it gives birth underground between October and December, with no bedding material, in a clean chamber of the burrow system. Usually, two offspring are produced per pregnancy, and they are weaned at 10 weeks, reaching adult size after 10 months.

Cynictis penicillata and Rabies

There is some concern about the role of Cynictis penicillata as a natural reservoir of rabies. Most African wild animals will die within a several weeks of infection with rabies, but it seems that certain genetic strains of the yellow mongoose can carry it asymptomatically, but infectiously, for years[2].

References

  1. ^ Taylor, P.J. & Hoffmann, M. (2008). Cynictis penicillata. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 22 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
  2. ^ Taylor PJ (December 1993). "A systematic and population genetic approach to the rabies problem in the yellow mongoose (Cynictis penicillata)". Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 60 (4): 379–87. PMID 7777324. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • yellow mongoose — Meerkat Meer kat (m[=e]r k[a^]t), n. [D.] (Zo[ o]l.) A South African carnivore ({Suricata suricata}, formerly {Cynictis penicillata}), allied to the ichneumons, having a lemurlike face and only four toes; called also {yellow mongoose} and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • yellow mongoose — suricat su ri*cat, suricate su ri*cate(s[umsc] r[i^]*k[a^]t), n. [F. surikate, from the native name in South Africa.] (Zool.) A South African mongooselike viverrine ({Suricata suricatta} or {Suricata tetradactyla}) having a lemurlike face and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • yellow mongoose — geltonoji mangusta statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Cynictis penicillata angl. bushy tailed meerkat; yellow mongoose; red meerkat vok. Fuchsmanguste rus. жёлтый мангуст; лисицевидный мангуст pranc.… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Yellow-throated Marten — Temporal range: Pliocene – Recent Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Yellow-bellied weasel — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Mongoose — This article is about the Herpestidae family of mongoose. For the Malagasy mongoose, see Galidiinae. For other uses, see Mongoose (disambiguation). Mongooses[1] …   Wikipedia

  • mongoose — /mong goohs , mon /, n., pl. mongooses. 1. a slender, ferretlike carnivore, Herpestes edwardsi, of India, that feeds on rodents, birds, and eggs, noted esp. for its ability to kill cobras and other venomous snakes. 2. any of several other animals …   Universalium

  • Yellow-shouldered Blackbird — Taxobox name = Yellow shouldered Blackbird status = EN | status system = IUCN3.1 trend = up status ref =IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=680|title=Agelaius xanthomus|downloaded=09 May 2006 Database entry includes a brief… …   Wikipedia

  • Banded Mongoose — Lake Manyara, Tanzania Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Marsh Mongoose — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.