West Lothian


West Lothian
West Lothian
Wast Lowden
Lodainn an Iar
Logo Coat of arms
Logo Coat of arms
Location
West Lothian Council.png
Geography
Area Ranked 20th
- Total 427 km2 (165 sq mi)
Admin HQ Livingston
ISO 3166-2 GB-WLN
ONS code 00RH
Demographics
Population Ranked 9th
- Total (2005) 172,100
- Density 402 / km²
Politics
West Lothian Council
http://www.westlothian.gov.uk/
Control Scottish National Party/Action to Save St John's Hospital/Conservative
MPs
MSPs
West Lothian
—  County (until circa 1890)  —
Country Scotland
County town Livingston
Area
 – Total 310.8 km2 (120 sq mi)
  Ranked 32nd
Chapman code WLN

West Lothian (Scots: Wast Lowden, Scottish Gaelic: Lodainn an Iar) is one of the 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a Lieutenancy area. It borders the City of Edinburgh, Falkirk, North Lanarkshire, the Scottish Borders and South Lanarkshire.

The council area was created in 1996, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, with the boundaries of the West Lothian district of the Lothian region.

Contents

Towns

Villages

Former status

County

The county of West Lothian was called Linlithgowshire or the County of Linlithgow until 1921.

Before it was abolished in 1975 by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, the county contained six burghs. Two are now outside the West Lothian unitary council area:

Burgh Unitary council area
Armadale West Lothian
Bathgate
Linlithgow
Whitburn
Bo'ness Falkirk
South Queensferry City of Edinburgh

On abolition in 1975 the county, with the exception of the Bo'ness area, was included in the Lothian Region. Bo'ness became part of the Central Region. Lothian Region was divided into four districts, one of which was named West Lothian and approximated to the former county.

District

West Lothian District was created in 1975, comprising the county of West Lothian; less the burghs of Bo'ness and South Queensferry and the Kirkliston area; it also included the East Calder and West Calder districts of the former county of Midlothian. The council's headquarters were originally in Bathgate, later moving to the new town of Livingston. The unitary authority created in 1996 used the same boundaries.

Areas of West Lothian

Livingston: East Calder, West Calder, Mid Calder, Wilkieston, Pumpherston, Knightsridge, Carmondean, Deans, Eliburn, Ladywell, Craigshill, Howden, Dedridge, Murieston, Adambrae, Livingston Village, DeerPark

Broxburn: Uphall, Winchburgh, Ecclesmachan, Dechmont, Bridgend

Bathgate: Armadale, Whitburn, Fauldhouse, Longridge, Torphichen, Blackburn, Seafield

Places of interest

Mentions in popular culture

The West Lothian question is often said to have been raised by Tam Dalyell, then member of Parliament for the former West Lothian constituency, in his 1977 book Devolution: The End of Britain?. However, in the debate on the Referendum (English Parliament) Bill (HC Deb 16 January 1998 vol 304 cc589-660) Dalyell says " The so-called West Lothian question, as it was dubbed by Enoch Powell, not by me, in 1977",[1] denying this.

Famous people from West Lothian include:

  • Author and actor Ian Colquhoun, from Livingston
  • Leon Jackson, the winner of The X Factor UK 2007, from Whitburn
  • David Tennant, from Bathgate, best known for portraying the tenth incarnation of the Doctor in the television series Doctor Who
  • Susan Boyle, from Blackburn, is a world-renowned singing contestant on the 3rd series of Britain's Got Talent. Her launch performance not only helped to draw a record TV viewing audience of 10.3 million people, but also led to a YouTube video of her performance, generating an estimated 100 million viewers within the first eight days, and widespread international media coverage.[2][3]
  • Dario Franchitti, from Bathgate, winner of the 2010 Indianapolis 500.
  • Paul di Resta, from Uphall, is the second driver for the Force India Formula 1 team,[4] and the cousin of Dario Franchitti.

Town twinnings

Livingston and West Lothian are twinned with the following cities:

Council political composition

Party Councillors
Labour 14
Scottish National Party 13
Action to Save St John's Hospital 3
Conservative 1
Independent 1

Youth participation

West Lothian Youth Congress

West Lothian has a formal structure for engaging with young people and including them in the decision making process. The West Lothian Youth congress is a constituted group of young people between the ages of 12 and 26. It includes 2 democratically elected representatives from each of West Lothian’s High schools as well as young people representing youth/ specific interest groups, community councils or local areas from across West Lothian. The Youth Congress meets on a Tuesday evening every 4 to 6 weeks in the Council chambers of the West Lothian civic centre between 7PM and 9PM. The Congress is a full community planning partner and played an integral role in developing West Lothian’s 2010 community plan. The Congress also elects West Lothian’s 4 Members of the Scottish Youth Parliament who are elected to represent West Lothian’s young people at a national level.

Scottish Youth Parliament

The Scottish Youth Parliament (SYP) is a body set up to represent Scotland’s young people. Its members are aged between 14 and 26 and are elected from Scottish parliamentary constituencies with each Member of the Scottish Parliament being shadowed by 2 Members of the Scottish Youth parliament. There are also representatives from several voluntary organisations. West Lothian has four Scottish youth parliament seats as it comprises two Scottish parliamentary constituencies. West Lothian’s current MSYP’s are:

William Kerr - Linlithgow constituency
David Leitch - Almond Valley constituency
Alanah Peters - Linlithgow constituency
Kimberly Morgan - Almond Valley constituency

References

External links

Coordinates: 55°55′N 3°30′W / 55.917°N 3.5°W / 55.917; -3.5


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • West Lothian — / Lodainn an Iar Consejo unitario de Escocia Situación de West Lothian en Escocia …   Wikipedia Español

  • West Lothian — Lodainn an Iar Verwaltungssitz Livingston Fläche 427 km² (20.) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • West Lothian —   [ west ləʊȓjən], früher Linlithgow [lɪn lɪθgəʊ], ehemalige County in Schottland, seit der Verwaltungs Reform von 1996 Verwaltungsdistrikt, 425 km2, 149 500 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Livingston.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • West-Lothian — West Lothian, so v.w. Linlithgow 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • West Lothian — West Lothĭan, s. Linlithgow …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • West Lothian — administrative division of SC Scotland: formerly a county & district …   English World dictionary

  • West Lothian — 55°55′N 3°30′W / 55.917, 3.5 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • West Lothian — /loh dhee euhn/ a historic county in S Scotland. Formerly, Linlithgow. * * * ▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom       council area and historic county, southeastern Scotland, on the southern shore of the River Forth estuary and the Firth of …   Universalium

  • west lothian — ˈlōthēən, thyən adjective Usage: usually capitalized W&L Etymology: from West Lothian, Scotland : of or from the county of West Lothian, Scotland : of the kind or style prevalent in West Lothian * * * /loh dhee euhn/ a historic county in S… …   Useful english dictionary

  • West Lothian — Sp Vakarų Lòdianas Ap West Lothian L Škotijos adm. sr., Jungtinė Karalystė …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė


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