Selkirkshire


Selkirkshire
Selkirk
—  County (until circa 1890)  —
Country Scotland
County town Selkirk
Area
 – Total 691 km2 (266.8 sq mi)
  Ranked 27th
Chapman code SEL

Selkirkshire or the County of Selkirk (Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachd Shalcraig) is a registration county of Scotland. It borders Peeblesshire to the west, Midlothian to the north, Berwickshire to the north-east, Roxburghshire to the east, and Dumfriesshire to the south. It derives its name from its county town, the Royal burgh of Selkirk.

Until 1975 it was an one of the thirty three administrative counties of Scotland, with a county council formed by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889. Under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 the use of counties as local government areas was abolished across Scotland, with its area becoming part of the Ettrick and Lauderdale district of the Borders Region. Unlike many counties, Selkirkshire has not continued to exist as a lieutenancy areas, but has become part of Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale for these purposes.

Contents

History

In the 1st Century AD Selkirk formed part of the lands of the Gadeni who hunted it rather than settled there. Neither the Romans, Angles, or the Saxons cleared much of the forestry there and for centuries Selkirk was known for its forest coverage. Indeed an alternative name for the county was Ettrick Forest. Under the Scottish kings the forest was regarded as Royal. Despite this it was not until the reign of James V that sheriffs were appointed to administer the county on the Crown's behalf. Under Edward I of England, the forest was granted to the Earl of Gloucester. Later, the Earl of Pembroke assumed the hereditary sheriffdom. Under and after King Robert the Bruce, the Earls of Douglas, and later Earls of Angus administered the county on behalf of the Crown, until the Union of the Crowns.

Folk ballads written of the county commemorate the Battle of Philiphaugh in 1645, the 'Dowie Dens' at Yarrow and Tibbie Shiels at St Mary's Loch.

Population

The population as returned at the census was as follows[1]:

  • 1801: 5,889
  • 1811: 6,637
  • 1821: 6,833
  • 1841: 7,990
  • 1851: 9,809
  • 1861: 10,449
  • 1871: 19,651
  • 1881: 26,346
  • 1891: 28,068
  • 1901: 23,356
  • 1911: 24,601
  • 1921: 22,607
  • 1931: 22,711
  • 1951: 21,729

Further reading

The archeology and historic buildings of the county were documented in 1957 by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments in Scotland. There is also a History of Selkirkshire by T. Craig Brown, published in 1886.

See also

References

  1. ^ Selkirkshire: Census Tables (Vision of Britain) [1]

External links

  • "Selkirkshire" from A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland by Samuel Lewis, 1846 (British History Online) [2]
  • Selkirkshire from 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica (Love to Know) [3]
  • Entries on Selkirkshire from the Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland by Frances Groome(1882-4) and the Gazetteer of the British Isles by John Bartholomew (1887)(Vision of Britain) [4]

Coordinates: 55°30′N 3°00′W / 55.5°N 3°W / 55.5; -3


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Selkirkshire —    SELKIRKSHIRE, an inland county, in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by the counties of Peebles and Edinburgh, on the south by Dumfries shire, on the east by Roxburghshire, and on the west by Peebleshire. It lies between 55° 22 and… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Selkirkshire — (spr. ßéll körkschir), Grafschaft im südöstlichen Schottland, grenzt im Süden an Dumfriesshire, im O. an Roxburgh und Berwickshire, im N. an Edinburgh und Peeblesshire und im W. an Lanarkshire und hat ein Areal von 666 qkm (12,1 QM.) mit (1901)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Selkirkshire — 55°30′N 3°00′W / 55.5, 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Selkirkshire — Lage von Selkirkshire in Schottland Selkirkshire ist eine traditionelle Grafschaft im Südosten von Schottland. Historische Hauptstadt und namensgebender Ort ist die Stadt Selkirk. Als Verwaltungsgrafschaft bestand Selkirkshire zwischen 1890 und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Selkirkshire — ▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Selkirk        historic county in southeastern Scotland, occupying a rolling upland region dissected by the valleys of the Ettrick and Yarrow waters (rivers), which merge in the east with the …   Universalium

  • Selkirkshire — Situación geográfica del antiguo condado de Selkirkshire, Escocia. Selkirkshire o Condado de Selkirk es un condado tradicional (registration county, en inglés) de Escocia. Limita con Peebles al oeste, con Midlothian al norte, con Berwick al… …   Wikipedia Español

  • selkirkshire — ˈsel(ˌ)kərkˌshi(ə)r, shər adjective or selkirk Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Selkirkshire or Selkirk, Scotland : of or from the county of Selkirk, Scotland : of the kind or style prevalent in Selkirk …   Useful english dictionary

  • Selkirkshire — geographical name see Selkirk II, 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • SELKIRKSHIRE —    (27), a south inland county of Scotland; extends S. from the corner of Midlothian to Dumfriesshire, between Peebles (W.) and Roxburgh (E.); the grassy slopes of its hills afford splendid pasturage, and sheep farming is a flourishing industry;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • selkirkshire — sel·kirk·shire …   English syllables


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.