Logo of Moray


Moray within Scotland
Area Ranked 8th
- Total 2,238 km2 (864 sq mi)
Admin HQ High Street
IV30 1BX
ISO 3166-2 GB-MRY
ONS code 00QX
Population Ranked 26th
- Total (2005) 87,700
- Density 39 / km²
Moray logo.png
The Moray Council
Control Independent/Conservative
MPs Angus Robertson for Moray

Moray (pronounced Murray, Scottish Gaelic Moireibh or Moireabh) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. It lies in the north-east of the country, with coastline on the Moray Firth, and borders the council areas of Aberdeenshire and Highland.



The Moray council area was established in 1975; see History of the subdivisions of Scotland and History of local government in Scotland.

Towns and villages


Moray Council

see also Moray council election, 2007

The Moray council area was created in 1996, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, with the boundaries of the former Moray district of the two-tier Grampian region.

Local government districts had their own directly elected councils. Therefore they were said to be part of a two-tier system of local government. This was abolished by the 1994 legislation, in favour of unitary council areas. The districts, and the regions, had been formed in 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.

Moray Sign

The Moray district had been formed by combining the local government county of Moray, except Grantown-on-Spey and Cromdale areas, with Aberlour, Buckie, Cullen, Dufftown, Findochty, Keith and Portknockie areas of the county of Banff. The Grantown-on-Spey and Cromdale areas had been combined with Kingussie and Badenoch areas of the county of Inverness to form the Badenoch and Strathspey district of the Highland region.

Current political composition:

Party Councillors
Independent 12
Scottish National Party 10
Conservative 2
Labour 2

Moray Council has been controlled by an Independent/Conservative coalition since May 2007.[1]

Parliamentary constituencies

In the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster), the council area is covered the Moray (Westminster) constituency.

In the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood), most of the council area is covered by the Moray (Holyrood) constituency, which is in the Highlands and Islands electoral region. The Keith area, however, is within the Gordon (Holyrood) constituency, which is in the North East Scotland electoral region.

Moray economy


The working population of Moray in 2003 was nearly 40,000 of which around 34,000 were employees and 6,000 self-employed. Of this 34,000, 31% are employed in the public sector compared with 27% for Scotland and 25% for the UK (the RAF personnel are not included in these figures). Only 18% of jobs are managerial or professional compared to 25% for Scotland.

People employed in Moray (2003)

Economic performance

The gross value added (GVA)[2] in Moray was £1.26 billion, in 2003. This corresponds to an output of £14,500 per resident and was 6% below the average for Scotland and 12% below that of the UK.

The diagrams show the strong reliance on the food and drink industry i.e. the distilling, canned food and biscuit manufacturing industries. The public sector is also very prominent. Of the total GVA of £1.26 billion, food and drink is responsible for 19% while 3% is the Scottish figure and 2% for the UK. Moray is responsible for 9% of the entire food and drink GVA of Scotland. Significant areas where Moray has a larger than average share of national markets are in tourism, forest products, textiles and specialized metal working. In contrast, however, Moray is significantly under-represented in the business services area at 15% of GVA while it is 19% for Scotland and 25% for the UK.

GVA per head of population (1998 - 2003)
Industry GVA (2003)
Manufacturing GVA (2003)


Compared to Scottish or UK levels, average incomes in Moray are low. The average wage in 2003 was £286 per week which was 12% below the Scottish average and 18% below the UK (these statistics exclude the armed forces). These figures reflect the large amount of part-time employment, with fewer qualified workers and less managerial and professional jobs. 16% of residents out-commute which is relatively high and of these, two-thirds work in Aberdeen or Aberdeenshire mainly in the oil and gas industry. These out-commuters earn significantly more than local workers.

Business base

In 2004, there were around 2,500 VAT registered businesses in Moray with 75% of businesses employing fewer than 5 people and about a half of firms with a turnover of less than £100,000. 60% of employees are employed in small firms compared to 48% for Scotland as a whole.

Moray's major companies export their products to other UK regions and abroad and many of the smaller companies have direct involvement with neighbouring economies in Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire and Highland. Also, a large out-commuting workforce (estimated to be in excess of 5,000 people) derives its income from the neighbouring centres of Aberdeen and Inverness.

VAT registered enterprises in Moray (2004)

Note: 2003 and 2004 data at SCOTDAT is the most uptodate as of August 2006


An inhabitant of the Moray, especially the historic Mormaer of Moray, is called Moravian[3].

Unlike many other regions of Scotland which are experiencing population decline, Moray's population is expected to grow modestly to around 91,000 by 2024.

Projected population for Moray (2004 - 2024)

Source: General Register Office for Scotland[2]


The first records on language use in the area indicate that in 1705, most of Moray except for the coast was described as "Wholly Irish & Highland Countreys" and "Ye Irish Parishes in which both languages are spoken".[4] By 1822, Scottish Gaelic had weakened in the area, with only the far south of Moray reporting that, at best, 10% of the population were speaking Gaelic better than English.[4] Records towards the end of the 19th century improved and show that between 1881 and 1921 the percentage of Gaelic speakers in Moray fluctuated as shown in the following table:

Year Gaelic speakers (%)
1881 2.63
1891 5.64
1901 4.48
1911 2.98
1921 2.08
1991[5] 0.56

Since then, it has been consistently below 1%. It was largely replaced by Doric and latterly Scottish English.

Also see


  1. ^ Stewart, Stephen (17 May 2007). "BBC NEWS | Scotland | Changing faces of Scots councils". BBC News. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  2. ^ GVA = Gross Value Added is the term now used for total wealth created in the regional economy. Measured at basic prices, it is close to what was formerly known as Gross Domestic Product at factor cost.
  3. ^ Famous Moravians
  4. ^ a b Withers, C. Gaelic in Scotland 1698-1981 (1984) John Donald Publishers ISBN 0-8597-097-9
  5. ^ SCROL [1]

External links

Coordinates: 57°25′N 3°15′W / 57.417°N 3.25°W / 57.417; -3.25

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moray — Moireibh Verwaltungssitz Elgin Fläche 2.238 km² (8.) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • moray — ☆ moray [môr′ā; mô rā′, mərā′ ] n. [Port moreia < L muraena, kind of fish < Gr myraina] any of a family (Muraenidae, order Anguilliformes) of voracious eels of warm seas, characterized by brilliant coloring and found esp. among coral reefs …   English World dictionary

  • Moray — En France, le nom est porté dans les Ardennes : il désigne celui qui est originaire d une localité appelée Moray ou Morey (domaine de Maurius ou lieu rocheux, les avis sont partagés). On retrouve le nom en Ecosse, mais là j avoue mon incompétence …   Noms de famille

  • moray — (also moray eel) ► NOUN ▪ an eel like predatory fish of warm seas. ORIGIN Portuguese moréia from Greek muraina …   English terms dictionary

  • Moray — Mor ay, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A mur[ae]na. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Moray — (spr. mórre), Grafschaft, s. Elginshire …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moray — (spr. mörrĕ), schott. Grafschaft, s. Elgin …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moray [2] — Moray, James Stuart, Graf, s. Murray …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moray — m Scottish: variant of MURRAY (SEE Murray), and the more usual spelling of the place name from which the surname is derived …   First names dictionary

  • Moray —    MORAY, county of.    See Elginshire …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

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