Scottish Borders


Scottish Borders

infobox Scotland council area
Council= Scottish Borders



SizeRank= 6th
Size= 4,732 km²
Water= ?
AdminHQ= Newtown St. Boswells
ISO= GB-SCB
ONS= 00QE
PopulationRank= 18th
PopulationDate= 2004
Population= 109,270
PopulationDensity=23 / km²
CouncilDetails= Scottish Borders Council
http://www.scotborders.gov.uk/
Control=
MPs=


MSPs=

The Scottish Borders, often referred to simply as the Borders, is one of 32 local government council areas of Scotland. [ [http://www.direct.gov.uk/Dl1/Directories/DevolvedAdministrations/fs/en?CONTENT_ID=4003604&chk=Lt2pXC "Local councils of Scotland", Directgov website] ] It is bordered by Dumfries and Galloway in the west, South Lanarkshire and West Lothian in the north west, City of Edinburgh, East Lothian, Midlothian to the north; and the non-metropolitan counties of Northumberland and Cumbria in England to the south and east. The administrative centre of the area is Newtown St. Boswells.

The area was created in 1975, by merging the former counties of Berwickshire, Peeblesshire, Roxburghshire and Selkirkshire and part of Midlothian, as a two-tier region with the districts of Berwickshire, Ettrick and Lauderdale, Roxburgh, and Tweeddale within it. In 1996 the region became a unitary authority area and the districts were wound up. The region was created with the name "Borders". Following the election of a shadow area council in 1995 the name was changed to "Scottish Borders" with effect from 1996. [Notice of change of name of local authority area, "Edinburgh Gazette", 26 May 1995]

Geography

The Scottish Borders are located in the Eastern part of the Southern Uplands. [http://www.visitsouthernscotland.com/]

The region is hilly, with the River Tweed flowing west to east through the region. In the east of the region the area that borders the River Tweed is flat and is known as 'The Merse'. The Tweed and its tributaries drain the entire region with the river flowing into the North Sea at Berwick-upon-Tweed, and forming the border with England for the last twenty miles or so of its length.

The term "Central Borders" refers to the area in which the majority of the main towns of Galashiels, Selkirk, Hawick, Jedburgh, Earlston, Kelso, St Boswells, Newtown St Boswells, Melrose and Tweedbank are located.

History

Historically, the term Borders has a wider meaning, referring to all of the burghs adjoining the English border, also including Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbrightshire — as well as Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland in England.

Roxburghshire and Berwickshire historically bore the brunt of the conflicts with England, both during declared wars such as the Wars of Scottish Independence, and armed raids which took place in the times of the Border Reivers. Thus, across the region are to be seen the ruins of many castles, abbeys and even towns.

The people of the Scottish Borders are very proud of their heritage and often speak of themselves as "Borderers".

Although there is evidence of some Scottish Gaelic in the origins of place names such as Innerleithen ("confluence of the Leithen"), Kilbucho, and Auchencrow, which contain identifiably Goidelic rather than Brythonic Celtic elements, the language has tended to be weak to non-existent in most parts of the region. Since the 5th century, there has been evidence of two main languages in the area: Brythonic and Old English, the latter of which developed into its modern forms of English and Scots.

Politics

There are two British Parliamentary constituencies in the Borders. Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk covers most of the region and is represented by Liberal Democrat Michael Moore. The western Tweeddale area is included in the Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale & Tweeddale constituency and is represented by Conservative David Mundell.

At Scottish Parliament level, there are also two seats. The eastern constituency is Roxburgh & Berwickshire, which is currently represented by Conservative John Lamont. The western constituency is Tweeddale, Ettrick & Lauderdale and is represented by Liberal Democrat Jeremy Purvis.

Control of the local council rests in the hands of a Conservative/Liberal Democrat/Independent coalition. The Conservatives are the biggest party on the council with 11 seats, the Liberal Democrats have 10. The SNP have 6 seats and the Independents have 5. 2 councillors form the Borders Party.

Transport

The region has no working railway stations. Although the area was well connected to the Victorian railway system, the branch lines that supplied it were closed in the decades following the Second World War. A bill has been passed by the Scottish Parliament to extend the Waverley Line, which would be a commuter service from Edinburgh to Stow, Galashiels and Tweedbank. Today, the East Coast Main Line is the only railway which runs through the region, with Edinburgh Waverley, Berwick-upon-Tweed and Carlisle being the nearest stations.

The area is served by buses which connect the main population centres. Express bus services link the main towns with rail stations at Edinburgh and Carlisle.

The region also has no commercial airports; the nearest are Edinburgh and Newcastle, both of which are international airports.

The main roads to and from the region are:
* The A1, which runs along the east coast from London to Edinburgh; passing near Eyemouth.
* The A7 which runs north to south from Edinburgh to Carlisle and the M6; passing through Galashiels, Selkirk and Hawick.
* The A68 running from Darlington to Edinburgh; passing through Jedburgh, Newtown St. Boswells, Earlston and Lauder.
* The A72, which runs east to west from Galashiels to Biggar; passing through Innerleithen and Peebles

Towns and villages

*Abbey St. Bathans, Allanton, Ashkirk
*Broughton, Burnmouth
*Cardrona, Chirnside, Clovenfords, Cockburnspath, Coldingham, Coldstream
*Denholm, Dryburgh, Duns
*Earlston, Eddleston, Ettrick, Ettrickbridge, Eyemouth
*Foulden
*Galashiels, Greenlaw
*Hawick
*Innerleithen
*Jedburgh
*Kelso, Kirk Yetholm
*Lauder, Lilliesleaf, Longformacus
*Melrose
*Newcastleton, Newstead, Newtown St. Boswells
*Peebles
*Roxburgh
*Selkirk, St. Abbs, St Boswells, Stow, Stichill
*Teviothead, Town Yetholm, Traquair
*Walkerburn, West Linton

Places of interest

*Abbotsford House
*Bowhill House
*Cheviot Hills
*Cessford Burn
*Coldingham Bay
*Dawyck Botanic Gardens
*Dryburgh Abbey - Historic Scotland
*Duns Castle
*Edin's Hall Broch
*Ettrick Forest
*Eyemouth
*Floors Castle
*Glentress Forest - Forest Enterprise
*Greenknowe Tower
*Harmony Garden - National Trust for Scotland
*Hawkshaw - ancestral home of the Porteous family
*Hermitage Castle - Historic Scotland
*Jedburgh Abbey - Historic Scotland
*Kailzie Gardens
*Kelso Abbey
*Lammermuir
*Lauderdale, Scotland
*Manderston
*Megget Reservoir
*Mellerstain House
*Melrose Abbey - Historic Scotland
*Mire Loch
*Monteviot House
*Neidpath Castle
*Nisbet, Berwickshire
*Nisbet, Roxburghshire
*Paxton House
*Pennine Way - National Trails
*Priorwood Garden - National Trust for Scotland
*Robet Smail's Printing Works - National Trust for Scotland
*Smailholm Tower - Historic Scotland
*Southern Upland Way - National Trails
*St. Abbs Head
*St. Mary's Loch
*St. Ronans Wells
*Teviotdale
*Thirlestane Castle
*Traquair House
*Trimontium
*Waterloo Monument
*Wedderburn Castle

Notes and references

ee also

*Anglo-Scottish border
*Scottish Lowlands
*List of places in the Scottish Borders

External links

* [http://www.scots-online.org/grammar/sscots.htm Borders' Dialect]
* [http://www.scotborders.gov.uk/ Scottish Borders Council]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scottish Borders — Crìochan na h Alba Verwaltungssitz Newtown St. Boswells Fläche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scottish Borders — Géographie Superficie 6e Total 4732 km²  % eau ? Capitale administrat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scottish Borders — Localización de Scottish Borders en Escocia. Capital Newtown St. Boswells Entidad Consejo unitario …   Wikipedia Español

  • Scottish Borders — [Scottish Borders] a ↑council area (= administrative region) of south east Scotland near the border with England. Its name changed from Borders in 1995 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Scottish Borders —   [ skɔtɪʃ bɔːdəz], Verwaltungs Distrikt (seit 1996) in Schottland, 4 734 km2, 106 200 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Newtown St Boswells …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Scottish Borders — a ↑county in southern Scotland, that has a border with northern England …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Scottish Borders — a council area (= administrative region) of south east Scotland near the border with England. Its name changed from Borders to Scottish Borders in 1995. * * * ▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom  council area, southeastern Scotland, its… …   Universalium

  • Scottish Borders — Sp Bòrdersas Ap Scottish Borders L Škotijos adm. sritis, D. Britanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Scottish Borders — /ˌskɒtɪʃ ˈbɔdəz/ (say .skotish bawduhz) noun an administrative district in southern Scotland; created as a unitary district in 1996, replacing the Borders region. 4734 km2. Administrative Centre: Newton St Boswells …   Australian English dictionary

  • Scottish Borders — noun a) the areas of Scotland and England adjacent to the border between the two countries. b) an administrative area in the south east of Scotland …   Wiktionary


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