- Odessa Oblast
— Oblast —
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Одещина (Odeshchyna) Country Ukraine Admin. center Odessa Government – Governor Eduard Matviychuk (Party of Regions) – Oblast council 120 seats – Chairperson Mykola Leonidovych Skoryk (Party of Regions) Area – Total 33,310 km2 (12,861.1 sq mi) Area rank Ranked 1st Population (2008) – Total 2,687,543 – Rank Ranked 6 – Density 80.7/km2 (209/sq mi) Time zone EET (UTC+2) – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Postal code 65000-68999 Area code +380-48 ISO 3166 code UA-51 Raions 26 Cities of oblast subordinance 7 Cities (total) 19 Towns 33 Villages 1138 FIPS 10-4 UP17 Website www.odessa.gov.ua
Odesa Oblast, also written as Odessa Oblast (Ukrainian: Одеська область, translit. Odes’ka oblast’; also referred to as Odeshchyna—Ukrainian: Одещина), (Greek: Οδησσός) is the southernmost and largest oblast (province) of south-western Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Odessa.
The evidence of the earliest inhabitants in this area comes from the settlements and burial grounds of the Neolithic Gumelniţa, Cucuteni-Trypillian and Usatovo cultures, as well as tumuli and hoards of the Bronze Age Proto-Indo-Europeans. In the 1st millennium B.C. the Milesian Greeks built colonies along the North Black Sea Coast, including the towns of Olbia, Tyras, Niconium, Panticapaeum, and Chersonesus. The Greeks left behind painted vessels, ceramics, sculptures, inscriptions, arts and crafts that indicate the prosperity of their ancient civilisation.
The culture of Scythian tribes inhabiting the Black Sea littoral steppes is represented by finds from settlements and burial grounds. There are weapon items, bronze cauldrons, other utensils, adornments. By the beginning of the 1st millennium A.D. the Sarmatians displaced the Scythians. In the 3rd–4th centuries A.D. the tribal alliance, represented by the items of Chernyakhov culture, was created. Since the middle of the first millennium the formation of Slavic people began. In the 9th century they were united into a state with Kiev as a centre. The Khazars, Polovtsy, Pechenegs were the Slavs' neighbours during the different times. The period of the 9th–14th centuries is reflected by the materials from the settlements and cities of Kievan Rus', Belgorod, Caffa-Theodosia, Berezan Island.
Formerly ruled by the Ottoman Empire, the territory of the Odessa oblast passed into Russian and Soviet hands in various stages between the eighteenth century and 20th century. The Russian Empire's expansion along the Black Sea coast led to the creation of the territory of Novorossiya, which was colonised by a variety of peoples, of whom the Russians were dominant. The Odessa oblast corresponds to the most westerly portion of "New Russia".
The oblast occupies an area of around 33,300 square kilometres (12,900 sq mi). It is characterised by largely flat steppes divided by the estuary of the Dniester river. Its Black Sea coast comprises numerous sandy beaches, estuaries and lagoons. The region's soils are renowned for their fertility, and intensive agriculture is the mainstay of the local economy. The southwest possesses many orchards and vineyards, while arable crops are grown throughout the region.
Points of interest
- Odessa Opera
- Akkerman fortress
- Potemkin Stairs
Significant branches of the oblast's economy are:
- oil refining & chemicals processing
- transportation (important sea and river ports, oil pipelines and railway);
- viticulture and other forms of agriculture, notably the growing of wheat, maize, barley, sunflowers and sugar beets.
The region's industrial capability is principally concentrated in and around Odessa.
The oblast's population (as of 2004) is 2.4 million people, nearly 40% of whom live in the city of Odessa.
The Odessa Oblast is administratively subdivided into 26 raions (districts), as well as 7 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, Illichivsk, Izmail, Kotovsk, Teplodar, Yuzhne, and the administrative center of the oblast, Odessa.
Raions of the Odessa Oblast In English In Ukrainian Administrative Center Ananyivskyi Raion Ананьївський район
Artsyzkyi Raion Арцизький район
Baltskyi Raion Балтський район
Berezivskyi Raion Березівський район
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion Білгород-Дністровський район
Biliayivskyi Raion Біляївський район
Bolhradskyi Raion Болградський район
Frunzivskyi Raion Фрунзівський район
Ivanivskyi Raion Іванівський район
Izmailsky Raion Ізмаїльський район
Kiliyskyi Raion Кілійський район
Kodymskyi Raion Кодимський район
Kominternivskyi Raion Комінтернівський район
Kotovskyi Raion Котовський район
Krasnooknianskyi Raion Красноокнянський район
Liubashivskyi Raion Любашівський район
Mykolaiv Raion Миколаївський район
Ovidiopolskyi Raion Овідіопольський район
Reniyskyi Raion Ренійський район
Rozdilnianskyi Raion Роздільнянський район
Saratskyi Raion Саратський район
Savranskyi Raion Савранський район
Shyriayivskyi Raion Ширяївський район
Tarutynskyi Raion Тарутинський район
Tatarbunarskyi Raion Татарбунарський район
Velykomykhailivskyi Raion Великомихайлівський район
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Odessa is the center of the Odes’ka oblast’ (Odessa Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Odessa Oblast, Odeshchyna.
- Subdivisions of Ukraine
- Kherson Governorate
- ^ a b President appoints 14 regional governors, Interfax-Ukraine (March 18, 2010)
- ^ Results of the 2001 All-Ukrainian population census for the Odessa oblast
Administrative divisions of Odessa Oblast, Ukraine Raions
Ananyivskyi · Artsyzkyi · Baltskyi · Berezivskyi · Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi · Biliayivskyi · Bolhradskyi · Frunzivskyi · Ivanivskyi · Izmailsky · Kiliyskyi · Kodymskyi · Kominternivskyi · Kotovskyi · Krasnooknianskyi · Liubashivskyi · Mykolaiv · Ovidiopolskyi · Reniyskyi · Rozdilnianskyi · Saratskyi · Savranskyi ·Shyriayivskyi · Tarutynskyi · Tatarbunary · Velykomykhailivskyi
Villagesmore... Administrative divisions of Ukraine Oblasts Cities with special status Autonomous Republic Administrative centers
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