- Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Infobox Ukrainian oblast
Name = Khmelnytskyi Oblast
UkrainianName = Хмельницька область
TransliteratedName = Khmel’nyts’ka oblast’
Nickname = Хмельниччинаspaces|2(Ukrainian) "Khmelnychchyna"spaces|2(
Administrative_center = Khmelnytskyi
GovernorName = Oleksandr Mykolayovych Bukhanevych
GovernorParty = ?
ChairmanName = Ivan Vasylyovych Hladuniak
ChairmanParty = ?
CouncilSeats = ?
Raions = 20
CityRaions = 4
Cities = 13
CMTs = 24
Villages = 1,416
AreaRank = 19th
TotalArea = 20,645
LandArea = ?
WaterArea = ?
PercentWater = ?
PopulationYear = 2006
Population_rank = ?
Population = 1,367,892
Density = 68
Population_Growth = ?
SalaryYear = ?
Salary_rank = ?
Salary = ?
Salary_Growth = ?
PostalAbbreviation = 29000-31999
PhoneCode = +380-38
Website = adm-km.gov.ua
The current estimated population is around 1,401,140 (as of 2004).
Khmelnytskyi Oblast has a total area of 20,600 km² (3.4% of the total area of Ukraine) is located between 48°27' and 50°37' north latitude and between 26°09' and 27°56' east longitude. It is 220 km long when measured from north to south, and is 120 km in length when measured from east to west. The oblast borders the
Rivne Oblastto the northwest, the Zhytomyr Oblastto the northeast, the Vinnytsia Oblastto the east, the Chernivtsi Oblastto the south, and the Ternopil Oblastto the west.
The Podillia highland (270—370 meters above
sea-level) occupies the central area of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast. The northwestern areas of the oblast are part of the Volynhighland (highest point — 329 m above sea-level), while to the north, the oblast claims a part of the historic region of Polissia (highest point — 200-250 m above sea-level). The southwestern territory of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast is crossed by the Tovtry range( _uk. Товтровий кряж, translit. "Tovtryi kryazh"), which includes Mount Velyka Buhaikha( _uk. Велика Бугаїха), the highest point of oblast at 409 m above sea-level. The extreme south of the oblast has a surface with the canyon-like river valleys. The Dneister Reservoirlocated there is the lowest point of the oblast (121 m above sea-level) .
Rivers and Lakes
There are 120 rivers with a length of 10 km or more in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast. The largest of these are the
DniesterRiver (which flows for 160 km within the oblast), as well as its tributaries: Smotrych, Ushytsia, and the Zbruch — and the Southern BuhRiver (which flows for 120 km within the oblast), as well as its tributaries: Buzhok, Ikva, and Vovk. The rivers of the Dnieper River's basin — Horyn, Khmora, and Sluch Rivers also run through the oblast. The oblast's lakes are located mostly in basin of the Horyn River. The largest reservoir in the oblast is the Dniester Reservoir.
There are 1858 ponds and/or reservoirs in the oblast. The largest of these include Shchedrivske (with a surface area of 12.58 km²), Novostavske (with a surface area of 11.68 km²), and Kuzmynske (with a surface area of 7.65 km²).
Khmelnytskyi Oblast was created on
September 22, 1937as the Kamianets-Podilskyi Oblast ( _uk. Кам’янець-Подільськa область, translit., "Kamyanets-Podil'ska oblast’"). In March of 1941 the administrative center of the oblast was moved from Kamianets-Podilskyito the city of Proskuriv ("now Khmelnytskyi"). In 1954, Proskuriv was renamed Khmelnytskyi, and soon afterward, the oblast was renamed to Khmelnytskyi Oblast.
The oblast is subdivided into 20
raions("administrative districts"). It consists of 6 municipalities, 13 cities, 24 towns, and more than 1,417 villages.
The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of Kiev Oblast:
* Administrative Center - 1 (Khmelnytskyi)
* City raions — 0;
* Settlements — 1452, including:
** Cities/Towns — 37, including:
Urban-type settlement— 24;
*** Cities — 13, including:
**** Cities of oblast' subordinance — 6;
**** Cities of raion subordinance — 7;
Selsovets — 568.
The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Kiev Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast' is the Kiev Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the
President of Ukraine.
Khmelnytskyi Oblast's population is 1,401,140 as of
January 1, 2004. As of 2002, the oblast ranks 13th by population in Ukraine. The population density is 69.5/km².
Pensioners make up 453,800 thousand people or 31,7% of population. The
birth rateper 1,000 residents is 8.3, and the death rate— per 1000 residents – 16.1. [http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/en/publish/article?art_id=116766&cat_id=32596/ Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine - Khmelnytsky Region] URL accessed on November 26, 2006] The urban population, according to the 2001 Ukrainian Census data, accounted for 729,600 people, or 51%, and the rural population — for 701,200 people, or 49%. [ [http://www.ukrcensus.gov.ua/eng/regions/region_khmel// Ukrcensus.gov.ua - Khmel'nyts'kyi region region] URL accessed on January 11, 2007]
According to the data, the number of men accounted for 659,900 people, or 46.1%, that of women — 770,900 people, or 53.9%.
The economy of the oblast mostly deals with the
energy industry, transportand agriculture. The oblast is situated at a historical crossroad of the railwayand highwayroutes connecting Central Europeto Black Seacoast and Russia(with city of Shepetivkabeing the most important railway junction). The "Khmelnyts’ka" nuclear power plant in the city of Netishynis the most important industrial company of the oblast. Notable machinery, armamentand chemicalindustries are also present.
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their
capitalcities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" ( _uk. обласний центр, translit. "oblasnyi tsentr"). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffixto the name of respective center city: "Khmelnytskyi" is the center of the "Khmelnyts’ka oblast’" (Khmelnytskyi Oblast).
Subdivisions of Ukraine
* [http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/en/publish/article?art_id=116766&cat_id=32596/ Information Card of the Region] - Official site of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
* [http://www.adm-km.gov.ua/new/ adm-km.gov.ua] - Official website of Khmelnytskyi Oblast Administration uk icon
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