Oklahoma House of Representatives


Oklahoma House of Representatives
Oklahoma House of Representatives
Oklahoma State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Lower house
Term limits 12 year cumulative total, in either or both chambers
New session started February 7, 2011
Leadership
Speaker Kris Steele, (R)
since January 4, 2011
Majority Leader Dale DeWitt, (R)
since January 4, 2011
Minority Leader Scott Inman, (D)
since January 4, 2011
Structure
Members 101
Political groups Republican Party (70)
Democratic Party (31)
Length of term 2 years
Authority Article V, Oklahoma Constitution
Salary $38,400/year + per diem
Elections
Last election November 2, 2010
(101 seats)
Next election November 6, 2012
(101 seats)
Meeting place
House of Representatives Chamber
Oklahoma State Capitol
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Website
Oklahoma House of Representatives

The Oklahoma House of Representatives is the lower house of the Oklahoma Legislature, the legislative body of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Its members are responsible for introducing and voting on bills and resolutions, providing legislative oversight for state agencies, and helping to craft the state's budget.[1] The upper house of the Oklahoma Legislature is the Oklahoma Senate.

Originally, each county in Oklahoma was represented in the House proportional to its population, but a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1964 forced the state to redistrict. Today, there are 101 House districts of equal population. Representatives serve two-year terms and each House member represents approximately 35,000 constituents. The presiding officer of the House is known as the Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives.

The House meets in regular session in the west wing of the Oklahoma State Capitol in Oklahoma City, from early February to the last Friday in May. Special sessions may be called by the Governor of Oklahoma, or by supermajority vote of the Legislature.

Contents

Qualifications

Oklahoma

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In order to file for election to the House of Representatives, candidates must be 21 years of age at the time of their election.[2] The candidate must also be a qualified elector in their respective counties or districts and shall reside in their respective counties or districts during their term of office.[2] No person is eligible to serve as a member of the Legislature if they're an officer of the United States or State government. Also, any person who has been adjudged guilty of a felony is not eligible to election to the Legislature. If a member of the Legislature is expelled for corruption, they shall not be eligible to return to the Legislature.[3]

No member of the legislature can serve more than 12 years in the Oklahoma State Legislature.[4] Years in Legislative office need not be consecutive and years of service in both the Senate and the House of Representatives shall be added together and included in determining the total number of Legislative years in office. The years served by any member elected or appointed to serve less than a full Legislative term to fill a vacancy in office shall not be included in the 12-year limitation; but no member who has completed 12 years in office shall thereafter be eligible to serve a partial term.

Membership

Representation

Old method

Representation in the House used to be determined by taking the total population of the state, according to the most recent Federal Decennial Census, and that number was divided by one hundred, with the quotient equaling one ratio. Counties having a population less than one full ratio were to be assigned one Representative; every county containing an entire ratio but less than two ratios was to be assigned two Representatives; every county containing a population of two entire ratios but less than three ratios was to be assigned three Representatives; and every county containing a population of three entire ratios but less than four ratios was to be assigned four Representatives. After the first four Representatives, a county was to qualify for additional representation on the basis of two whole ratios of population for each additional Representative.

New method

After the constitutionally-mandated method was found to be unconstitutional, a new method was instituted. Now the House has the power to draw its own district lines. Under the holding of Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533 (1964) all districts must be apportioned within a five percent margin of the average target size district as determined by the U.S. Census population figures divided by the one hundred and one districts. This allows for some districts to be slightly smaller or larger than others. The House draws its own maps of its district lines, which are subject to the approval of both the Senate and the Governor. Should the redistricting not occur in the time limits prescribed by law, the lines are determined by a panel of five statewide elected officials.

Composition

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of previous legislature 62 39 101 0
Begin 70 31 101 0
Current 69 (*) 31 100 1
Latest voting share 69% 31%

(*) One vacancy due to the death of Republican Rusty Farley, who passed away on July 4, 2011.

Leadership

Leadership in the Oklahoma House of Representatives begins with the Speaker and Speaker Pro Tempore of the House, who is elected by his fellow lawmakers. The speaker in turn appoints many of the remaining leadership positions, which are divided into three types.[1]

Generally, members of each party elect a majority floor leader, assistant floor leaders, whips, and caucus officers. These positions are considered floor leadership.

The speaker appoints the committee leadership, which includes committee chairs, vice chairs, subcommittee chairs, and subcommittee vice chairs.[1] The majority floor leader selects an informal leadership team that aids in decision-making.[1]

Officers

Position Representative Party District
Speaker Kris Steele Republican 26
Speaker Pro Tempore Jeffrey W. Hickman Republican 58
Majority Leader Dale DeWitt Republican 38
Majority Floor Leader Daniel Sullivan Republican 71
Majority Whip Skye McNiel Republican 29
Minority Leader Scott Inman Democratic 94
Minority Floor Leader Chuck Hoskin Democratic 6
Minority Whip Ben Sherrer Democratic 8

Members

District 1 became vacant on July 4, 2011, with the death of Representative Rusty Farley.

Name District Party City First elected
vacant 1
John R. Bennett 2 Rep Sallisaw 2010
James Lockhart 3 Dem Heavener 2010
Mike Brown 4 Dem Tahlequah 2004
Doug Cox 5 Rep Grove 2004
Chuck Hoskin 6 Dem Vinita 2006
Larry Glenn 7 Dem Miami 2004
Ben Sherrer 8 Dem Pryor 2004
Marty Quinn 9 Rep Claremore 2010
Steve Martin 10 Rep Bartlesville 2004
Earl Sears 11 Rep Bartlesville 2006
Wade Rousselot 12 Dem Okay 2004
Jerry McPeak 13 Dem Warner 2004
George Faught 14 Rep Muskogee 2006
Ed Cannaday 15 Dem Porum 2006
Jerry Shoemake 16 Dem Morris 2004
Brian Renegar 17 Dem McAlester 2006
Donnie Condit 18 Dem McAlester 2010
R. C. Pruett 19 Dem Antlers 2004
Paul D. Roan 20 Dem Tishomingo 2000
Dustin Roberts 21 Rep Durant 2010
Wes Hilliard 22 Dem Sulphur 2004
Sue Tibbs 23 Rep Tulsa 2000
Steve Kouplen 24 Dem Holdenville 2008
Todd Thomsen 25 Rep Ada 2006
Kris Steele 26 Rep Shawnee 2000
Josh Cockroft 27 Rep 2010
Tom Newell 28 Rep 2010
Skye McNiel 29 Rep Bristow 2006
Mark McCullough 30 Rep Sapulpa 2006
Jason Murphey 31 Rep Guthrie 2006
Danny Morgan 32 Dem Prague 2002
Lee Denney 33 Rep Cushing 2004
Cory T. Williams 34 Dem Stillwater 2008
Dennis Casey 35 Rep 2010
Sean Roberts 36 Rep 2010
Steve Vaughn 37 Rep Ponca City 2010
Dale DeWitt 38 Rep Braman 2002
Marian Cooksey 39 Rep Edmond 2004
Mike Jackson 40 Rep Enid 2004
John Enns 41 Rep Waukomis 2006
Lisa J. Billy 42 Rep Purcell 2004
Colby Schwartz 43 Rep Yukon 2006
Emily Virgin 44 Dem Norman 2010
Aaron Stiles 45 Rep Norman 2010
Scott Martin 46 Rep Norman 2006
Leslie Osborn 47 Rep Mustang 2008
Pat Ownbey 48 Rep Ardmore 2008
Tommy C. Hardin 49 Rep 2010
Dennis Johnson 50 Rep Kingfisher 2006
Corey Holland 51 Rep Marlow 2008
Charles Ortega 52 Rep Altus 2008
Randy Terrill 53 Rep Moore 2004
Paul Wesselhoft 54 Rep Moore 2006
Todd Russ 55 Rep Cordell 2009
Phil Richardson 56 Rep Minco 2004
Harold Wright 57 Rep Weatherford 2008
Jeffrey W. Hickman 58 Rep Fairview 2004
Mike Sanders 59 Rep Kingfisher 2008
Purcy Walker 60 Dem Elk City 2000
Gus Blackwell 61 Rep Goodwell 2002
T. W. Shannon 62 Rep Lawton 2006
Don Armes 63 Rep Faxon 2002
Ann Coody 64 Rep Lawton 2004
Joe Dorman 65 Dem Rush Springs 2002
Jadine Nollan 66 Rep Sand Springs 2010
Pam Peterson 67 Rep Tulsa 2004
Glen Mulready 68 Rep Tulsa 2010
Fred Jordan 69 Rep Jenks 2006
Ron Peters 70 Rep Tulsa 2000
Daniel Sullivan 71 Rep Tulsa 2004
Seneca Scott 72 Dem Tulsa 2008
Jabar Shumate 73 Dem Tulsa 2004
David Derby 74 Rep Owasso 2006
Dan Kirby 75 Rep Tulsa 2008
David Brumbaugh 76 Rep Broken Arrow 2010
Eric Proctor 77 Dem Tulsa 2006
Jeannie McDaniel 78 Dem Tulsa 2004
Weldon Watson 79 Rep Tulsa 2006
Mike Ritze 80 Rep Tulsa 2008
Randy Grau 81 Rep Edmond 2010
Guy Liebmann 82 Rep Oklahoma City 2004
Randy McDaniel 83 Rep Oklahoma City 2006
Sally Kern 84 Rep Oklahoma City 2004
David Dank 85 Rep Oklahoma City 2006
William T. Fourkiller 86 Dem Stillwell 2010
Jason Nelson 87 Rep Oklahoma City 2008
Al McAffrey 88 Dem Oklahoma City 2006
Rebecca Hamilton 89 Dem Oklahoma City 2002
Charles Key 90 Rep Oklahoma City 2000
Mike Reynolds 91 Rep Oklahoma City 2002
Richard Morrissette 92 Dem Oklahoma City 2002
Mike Christian 93 Rep Oklahoma City 2008
Scott Inman 94 Dem Oklahoma City 2006
Charlie Joyner 95 Rep Midwest City 2006
Lewis H. Moore 96 Rep Edmond 2008
Mike Shelton 97 Dem Oklahoma City 2004
John Trebilcock 98 Rep Tulsa 2002
Anastasia Pittman 99 Dem Oklahoma City 2006
Elise Hall 100 Rep Midwest City 2010
Gary Banz 101 Rep Midwest City 2004

Committees

As of 2011, The Oklahoma House of Representatives has the following 18 committees:[5]

  • Administrative Rules and Government Oversight
  • Agriculture, Wildlife & Environment
  • Appropriations and Budget
  • Common Education
  • Economic Development, Tourism & Financial Services
  • Energy & Utility Regulation
  • General Government
  • Government Modernization
  • Higher Education and Career Tech
  • Human Services
  • Insurance
  • Judiciary
  • Long-term Care & Senior Services
  • Public Health
  • Public Safety
  • Rules
  • Transportation
  • Veterans and Military Affairs

As of 2011, The Oklahoma House of Representatives has the following eight budget subcommittees:[6]

  • Education
  • General Government & Transportation
  • Human Services
  • Judiciary
  • Natural Resources & Regulatory Services
  • Public Health & Social Services
  • Public Safety
  • Revenue & Taxation

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Farmer, Rick, "Legislature," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 23, 2010).
  2. ^ a b Article V, Section 17: Age - Qualified electors - Residents, Constitution of the State of Oklahoma at Oklahoma Legal Research System, University of Oklahoma College of Law (accessed May 3, 2010).
  3. ^ Section V-19: Expelled member ineligible - Punishment not to bar indictment, Constitution of the State of Oklahoma at Oklahoma Legal Research System, University of Oklahoma College of Law (accessed May 3, 2010).
  4. ^ Section V-17A: Limitation of time served in the Legislature, Constitution of the State of Oklahoma at Oklahoma Legal Research System, University of Oklahoma College of Law (accessed May 3, 2010).
  5. ^ House Committees, Oklahoma House of Representatives (accessed January 25, 2011).
  6. ^ House Committees, Oklahoma House of Representatives (accessed January 25, 2011).

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