Pennsylvania House of Representatives


Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Pennsylvania General Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Lower house
Term limits None
New session started January 4, 2011
Leadership
Speaker of the House Sam Smith, (R)
since January 4, 2011
Majority Leader Mike Turzai, (R)
since January 4, 2011
Minority Leader Frank Dermody, (D)
since January 4, 2011
Structure
Members 203
Composition of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.svg
Political groups      Republican Party (112)
     Democratic Party (91)
Length of term 2 years
Authority Article II, section 1, Pennsylvania Constitution
Salary $78,314/year[1]
Elections
Last election November 2, 2010
(203 seats)
Next election November 6, 2012
(203 seats)
Meeting place
Pennsylvania State Capitol House Chamber.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Pennsylvania State Capitol
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Website
Pennsylvania House of Representatives

The Pennsylvania House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Pennsylvania General Assembly, the legislature of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. There are 203 members, elected for two year terms from single member districts.[2][3]

Following the 2010 elections, the house consisted of 112 Republicans, 91 Democrats. Republican Sam Smith was elected Speaker of the House on January 4, 2011. In 2002, a State Representative district had an average population of 60,498 residents.

The house is the second largest state legislature in the United States (behind the New Hampshire House of Representatives). It is considering a proposal to reduce its size to 153 after 2020.[4]

Contents

Hall of the House

The Hall of the House contains important symbols to Pennsylvania history and the work of legislators.

  • Speaker's Chair: a throne-like chair of rank that sits directly behind the Speaker's rostrum. Architect Joseph Huston designed the chair in 1906, the year the Capitol was dedicated.
  • Mace: the House symbol of authority, peace, order and respect for law rests in a pedestal to the right of the Speaker. Its base is solid mahogany, intricately carved and capped by a brass globe engraved with the Pennsylvania coat of arms. An American Eagle perches on top. The tradition of the mace may date to the Roman Republic when attendants of Roman consuls carried bundles of sticks wrapped around an axe to enforce order. The tradition is common may also come directly from Pennsylvania's English heritage.
  • Murals: a colorful panorama of Pennsylvania history appear in murals by Edwin Austin Abbey. The most commanding of the series hangs behind the Speaker's rostrum and dominates the wall behind the Speaker. It is called The Apotheosis of Pennsylvania
  • Ceiling: a work of art in itself with its ornate geometry of gold leaf buttoned at the center by a charming painted illustration. In "The Hours," Abbey represents the passage of time in the form of 24 maidens revolving in an endless circle amidst the moon, the sun and the stars of the Milky Way. [1]

Speaker of the House

The speakership is the oldest elected state-wide office in the Commonwealth. Since its first session in 1682—presided over by William Penn—over 130 house members have been elevated to the speaker's chair. The house cannot hold an official session in the absence of the speaker or his designated speaker pro tempore. Speaker Leroy Irvis was the first African American elected speaker of any state legislature in the United States since Reconstruction. Speaker Dennis O'Brien was the only minority-party Speaker known in Pennsylvania and only the second known nationwide. Pennsylvania has never had a female speaker.

Composition

Results of the November 2, 2010 elections:

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous legislature 104 98 203 0
Begin 90 112 202 1
February 15 91 203 0
Latest voting share 44.8% 55.2%

Gender Composition

The Pennsylvania House of Representatives has only 33 women out of 203 total representatives in 2011.[5] This is only 16%, which is below the national average of 23.1% women in all statewide legislative positions.

House of Representatives Leadership

As of January 4, 2010[6]

Speaker of the House of Representatives: Sam Smith (R)

Majority Party (R) Leadership Position Minority Party (D)
Mike Turzai Floor Leader Frank Dermody
Stan Saylor Whip Mike Hanna
Sandra Major Caucus Chairperson Dan Frankel
Mike Vereb Caucus Secretary Jennifer Mann
Bill Adolph Appropriations Committee Chairman Joe Markosek
Dick Stevenson Caucus Administrator Ron Buxton
Dave Reed Policy Committee Chairman Mike Sturla

Members of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives

See also

References

Sources

  • Trostle, Sharon, ed (2009). The Pennsylvania Manual. 119. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Department of General Services. ISBN 0-8182-0334-X. 

External links

Media related to Pennsylvania House of Representatives at Wikimedia Commons


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives — Chambre des représentants de la Pennsylvanie Chambre des représentants de la Pennsylvanie Pennsylvania House of Representatives …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives — Ostplaza am Pennsylvania State Capitol Das Repräsentantenhaus von Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania House of Representatives) ist das Unterhaus der Pennsylvania General Assembly, der Legislative des US Bundesstaates Pennsylvania. Die Parlamentskammer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2002 — Elections in Pennsylvania Federal government Presidential election …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2006 — The 2006 Elections for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives were held on November 7, 2006, with all districts being contested.cite web last = first = authorlink = coauthors = title = 2006 General Election work = Commonwealth of PA Elections… …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2004 — The 2006 Elections for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives were held on November 2, 2004, with all districts being contested.cite web last = first = authorlink = coauthors = title = 2004 General Election work = Commonwealth of PA Elections… …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2000 — Elections for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives were held on November 7, 2000, with all districts being contested.cite web last = first = authorlink = coauthors = title = 2000 General Election work = Commonwealth of PA Elections… …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 25 — The 25th Pennsylvania House of Representatives District is made up of parts of Allegheny County and Westmoreland County. The district includes the following areas: [cite web |title=Composite Listing of House of Representatives Districts… …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 52 — The Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 52 encompasses both Fayette County and Westmoreland County and includes the following areas:Fayette County* Connellsville, Pennsylvania * Dawson, Pennsylvania * Dunbar, Pennsylvania * Everson,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 11 — The 11th Pennsylvania House of Representatives District is located in Butler County and includes the following areas: [cite web |title=Composite Listing of House of Representatives Districts |publisher=Pennsylvania Department of State… …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 8 — The 8th Pennsylvania House of Representatives District is located in Mercer County and Butler County. The district includes the following areas: [cite web |title=Composite Listing of House of Representatives Districts |publisher=Pennsylvania… …   Wikipedia