- Texas House of Representatives
name = Texas House of Representatives
coa_pic = Texas House Seal.png
session_room = Texas House Chamber.jpg
house_type = Lower house
leader1_type = Speaker of the House
party1 = R
January 11, 2003
leader2_type = Speaker pro Tempore
party2 = D
January 11, 2003
members = 150
p_groups = Democratic Party
meeting_place = House Chamber,
Texas State Capitol, Austin
website = http://www.house.state.tx.usThe Texas House of Representatives is the
lower houseof the Texas Legislature. The House is composed of 150 members from an equal amount of districts across the state, with each constituency consisting of nearly 140,000 people. Representatives are elected to two-year terms with no term limits. The House of Representatives convenes at the Texas Capitolin Austin.
Leadership of the House
The Speaker of the House presides over the body. The Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognzing members during debate, rule on procedural matters, the appointment chairships and members to
committees, sending bills for committee review.
The current Speaker of the House is
Tom Craddickof District 82 (Midland). The Speaker Pro Tempore is Sylvester Turnerof District 139 (Houston).
Past notable members
Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texasfrom 1973to 1979.
Tom DeLay, U.S. House Representative ( 1985– 2006) and House Majority Leader ( 2003– 2006).
Kay Bailey Hutchison, current U.S. Senator, 1993to present.
Barbara Jordan, feministadvocate and U.S. House Representative from 1973to 1979.
Rick Perry, current Governor of Texas, 2000to present.
Coke R. Stevenson, Governor of Texasfrom 1941to 1947.
Sarah Weddington, attorneyfor Jane Roefor the 1973" Roe v. Wade" case in the U.S. Supreme Court.
House voting controversy
May 14, 2007, CBSAustin affiliate KEYE reported on the rampant multiple voting by members of the House during a voting session. ["CBS Channel 42 KeyeTV Investigates: One Lawmaker, Many Votes?", May 14, 2007, available at [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eG6X-xtVask "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eG6X-xtVask"] ; see also Wilson, Nanci, "One Lawmaker, Many Votes?", May 14, 2007, available at [http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:dtjnlM6g4ZoJ:keyetv.com/topstories/local_story_134224129.html&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=4&gl=us "www.keyetv.com/topstories/local_story_134224129.html"] ] The report noted how representatives would race to the nearest empty seats to register votes for absent members on the legislature's automated voting machines. Each representative would vote for the nearest absent members, apparently regardless of party affiliation. This practice was in direct violation of a Rule of the Texas Legislature; however, no house member had ever been disciplined for the practice. The then-Speaker of the House, responsible for enforcement of the rule, issued a statement that discipline for violations of the rule is left to the individual house members.
Craddick removal controversy
Chaos erupted in the Texas House of Representatives on Friday,
May 25, 2007, when Rep. Fred Hill, R-Richardson, attempted to offer a motion to remove Tom Craddickas Speaker and have the House elect a new speaker. Craddick (also a Republican) refused to allow him to make the motion.cite web | title=The House struggles to move forward | author=R.G. Ratcliffe and Gary Scharrer | work=Houston Chronicle, chron.com (May 27, 2007) | accessdate=2007-05-27 | url=?] The attempts to oust Craddick continued through the weekend as other Republicans made additional motions, which were also disallowed. The last time a Texas House speaker was removed by the members was in 1871, when the House adopted a resolution removing Speaker Ira Evans. The Republican House majority removed Evans because he was seen as cooperating too much with Democrats on an elections bill. While Craddick's close allies say this is just an effort by Democrats to gain greater control of the Legislature before the legislative and congressional redistricting process of 2011, Rep. Byron Cook, R-Corsicana, says the fight is about Craddick consolidating power with lobbyistsand using campaign contributions to maintain control in the House: "This is about the convergence of money and power and influence," Cook said."
* [http://www.house.state.tx.us/ Texas House of Representatives]
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